How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

18 terms

PSC121 Chapter 9

STUDY
PLAY
Partisan
A committed supporter of a political party; also, seeing issues from the point of view of a single party
Political Party
An organization that tries to win control of government by electing people to office who carry the party label
Party Platform
A party's statement of its positions on the issues of the day passed at the quadrennial national convention
Two-Party System
A political system in which two parties vie on relatively equal terms to win national elections and in which each party governs at one time or another
Multiparty System
A political system in which three or more viable parties compete to lead the government; because a majority winner is not always possible, multiparty systems often have coalition governments where governing power is shared among two or more parties
Proportional Representation
The awarding of legislative seats to political parties to reflect the proportion of the popular vote each party receives
Realignment
The process by which on party supplants another as the dominant party in a political system
New Deal
The programs of the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt
New Deal Coalition
The informal electoral alliance of working class ethnic groups, Catholics, Jews, urban dwellers, racial minorities, and the south, that was the basis of the democratic party dominance of American politics from the New Deal to the early 1970's
Divided Government
Control of the executive and legislative branches by different political parties
Dealignment
A gradual reduction in the dominance of one political party without another party supplanting it
Party Identification
The sense of belonging to one or another political party
Liberal
View that the federal government has a substantial role to play in economic regulation, social welfare, and overcoming racial inequality, and that abortion and stem-cell research should be legal and the civil rights of gays and racial minorities protected
Conservative
View that the federal government ought to play a very small role in economic regulation, social welfare, and overcoming racial inequality, that abortion should be illegal, and that family values and law and order should guide public policies
Unified Government
Control of the executive and legislative branches by the same political party
Gridlock
A situation in which things cannot get done in Washington, usually because of divided government
Active Partisan
People who identify with a party, vote in election, and participate in additional party and party-candidate activities
Leaners
People who claim to be independents by consistently favor one party over another