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Hydrophyllaceae Phacelia sp.

Scorpoid cyme, forked pitsil

Sometimes have compound leaves, glandular tricombs

Apical Style-style comes off the apex of the ovary

5 lobe corolla, connate

Family: Brassicaceae

4 petals 4 sepals; cruciform (cross shape)
ex-stipulate: they don't have stipules

4 or 6 long stamens

silique or silicle fruits

Brassicaceae Sisymbrium irio

This one has a small beak on the beak
yellow flowers

simple leaves deeply divided

Brassicaceae Brassica tournefortii

Just Brassica sp.
This one has a pod with a shout beak.
Flowers white-ish, flowers are also bigger than the sisymbrium.

some are compound and some are simple

Brassicaceae Capsella bursa-pastoris

yellow or white flowers
pods looks like a purse
pods are like flat like disks
Press against the partition

Boraginaceae Amsinckia sp.

Has the four nutlets (1 pistil 2 carpels), aslo scropoid cyme

Simple leaves with sharp bristle

Gynobasic style- style comes off the bais of the ovary

Boraginaceae Pectocarya recurvata

recurve nutlet, with hooks on the margins, tinny little flowers, doesn't have scropoid cyme

5 lobe corolla, connate

10. Eschscholzia sp. Papaveraceae

Deciduous calyx
fused gymnecium
a lot of stamens
poresital ovules (capsule)
showy corollas

11. Malva parviflora Malvaceae

monodelphous stamen
"cheese weed"
small pink/ white flowers

12. Abutilon sp. Malvaceae

multiple capules (whorls of capsule)
Bright organe flowers
large shurbs
Fuzzy (stellate) hairs

13. Lycium fremontii Solanaceae

Fused corolla
Funnel form
fruits are berries
Calyx entire
leaves are succulent
usually 5 stamen
filaments are epipetalous

14. Nicotiana obtusifolia Solanaceae

Fused corolla
fruits are berries
green berries
Calyx entire
usually 5 stamen
filaments are epipetalous
alternate leaves

15. Mirabilis laevis Nyctaginaceae

Involucre( fused or separate bracts, looks like a calyx) (four o'clock family) blooms around four o'clock, opposite leaves

white, purple, pink flowers, multiple flowers can come off of a single involucre

typically 5 lobes 5 stamens

16. Oxalis sp. Oxalidaceae

eat it...but not to much

really??? Kensive....... this is your version of the Oxalidaceae? lol
contain trifolded lvs, and very "yellow".... (i think that s all you need to know for this organism)

17. Phoradendron californica Santalaceae (Viscaceae)

18. Simmondsia chinensis Simmondsiaceae

19. Chenopodium murale Amaranthaceae

green tepals and one black seed, powder substance on the leaves caused by glands

lvs are alternate

20. Atriplex canescens Chenopodiaceae

has scarious bracts, powder substance on the leaves caused by glands (four wing salt bush), inside is the ovary, farenous

i also think is woody
lvs are alternate

21. Erodium cicutarium Geraniaceae

once compound lvs in this case (but it can be palmately ,pinnately or divided )
another trait is: it has a long tail on the fruit which also have called a schizocarp w/5 segments
10 stamens in 2 whorls
filament basally connate

22. Tecoma stans Bignoniaceae

very easy to distinguish, just remember is bright yellow compare to orange in tecoma capensis

23. Justicia californica Acanthaceae

lvs simple, entire, opposite
flws zygomorphic, ca 5 synsepalous (google it), co 5 lobes
fruit: explosively capsule with 2 recurving

24. Avena sp. Poaceae

25. Pennisetum sp. Poaceae

26. Muhlenbergia sp. Poaceae

27. Cynodon dactylon Poaceae

28. Schismus sp. Poaceae

29. Lupinus sparsiflorus Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Subfamily: Papilionoideae

**This is describing the subfamily of Fabaceae-Pailionodeae

Habit: trees or shrubs, occasionally herbs

Leaves: pinnately compound, triofliate, or occasionally reduced to one leaflet

Flower: zygomorphic

Corolla aestivation: Imbricate, with upper (or odd) petal outermost

Corolla morphology: petals unequal, with uppermost (or odd) the largest, and 2 basal connate/ coherent at apex (keel)

Androecium: 10 distinct or fused (monoadelphous), or 9 connate + 1 distinct (diadelphous)

33. Medicago spp. Fabaceae Subfamily: Papilionoideae

36. Sophora sp. Fabaceae Subfamily: Papilionoideae

Papilionoideae: Lotus rigidus

5/5 Co/Ca
fused stamens
strong zygo

30. Senna sp. Fabaceae Subfamily: Caesalpinoideae

**This is describing the subfamily of Fabaceae-Caesalpinoideae

Habit: trees or shrubs, occasionally herbs

Leaves: pinnately, or sometime bipinnately, compound

Flower: usually +/- zygomorphic

Corolla aestivation: Imbricate, with upper petal innermost

Corolla Morphology: petals unequal, with uppermost often smaller than the laterals, distinct

Androecium: 10 or fewer: usually distinct

31. Calliandra eriophylla Fabaceae Subfamily: Mimosoideae

**This is describing the subfamily of Fabaceae-Mimosoideae

Habit: trees or shrubs, occasionally herbs

Leaves: usually bipinnately compund

Flower: Actinomorphic

Corolla aestivation: valvate

Corolla morphology: lobes equal; often connate into a tube

Androecium: 10 to many: distinct, or sometimes basally connate

Others: Flowers small, usually in dense heads, filaments long and brightly colored

35. Acacia sp. Fabaceae Subfamily: Mimosoideae

32. Gilia sp. Polemoniaceae

Habits: Annuals, Bieenial, Perennial herebs: Sometimes shrubs, small trees and vines

Leaves: Simple, sometime compound, entire or pinnately or palmatel divided, Alternate and opposite. Exstipulate

Inflorescence: Determinate, often cymose, terminal sometimes solitary and axillary

Flowers: Actinomorphic, perfect, hypogynous. Showy with internecariferous disk

Ca: 5 lobes Co: 5 lobes, Often with thin membranous tissue (widows) connecting lobes. Campanlate, salverform or funnelform. Various colors (red, purple, pink, blue, white)

Androecium: 5 stamen adnate to corolla

Gynoecium: Superior with 3(2-4) fused carpels and 3 locules. Style with 3 stigmatic lobes

Fruit: Loculicidal capsule

Polemoniaceae Phlox tenuifolia

fused corolla
windows in calyx

34. Galium stellatum Rubiaceae


Rosoideae: aggregate fruit, many free carpels, stipulate, superior ovary
Maloideae: pome fruit, 2-5 fused carpels, inferior ovary, stipulate
Prunoideae: drupe fruit, one carpel, superior ovary, stipulate
Spireoideae: capsular fruit, 5 free carpels, superior ovary, ex-stipulate

Maloideae: Malus sp. (apple)

pome fruit: hypanthium tissue w/ cartilagenous endocarp
5 calyx, withered perianth

Prunoideae: Prunus sp. (plum)

drupe fruit: mesocarp w/ stony endocarp
hard pits, like in peaches, cherries
almond is only edible pit

Rosoideae: Fragaria sp. (strawberry)

enlarged receptacle
achenes are individual ovaries

Cucurbitaceae Marah gilensis

stems 5-angled in cross section
axillary inflorescence
spirally coiled tendrils
5/5 Co/Ca synsepalous, sympetalous
pepo fruit w/ leathery or hard pericarp

Portulacaceae Claytonia perfoliata

valvate capsule
perfoliate, opposite, fused leaves
4-6 tepals; 4-6 stamens
mucilaginous tissue; succulent
loculicidal/ circumsessile capsule

Juncaceae Juncus articulatus

rhizomatous perennial
round stems
bisexual, radial flowers
6 tepals; dull and chaffy
open basal leaf sheath
3 carpels
small numerous seeds
3 valved capsular fruit

Cyperaceae Carex sp.

unisexual flowers
spikelets on branches
achene in perigynium
triangular stems
closed leaf sheath
subtended by bracts

Cyperaceae Eleocharis sp.

black seed
terminal spikelet

Cyperaceae Schoenoplectus sp.

flowers arranged spirally around colm

Cyperaceae Cyperus sp.

subtended by leaves
laterally flattened

Typhaceae Typha sp. (cattails)

double spadix
scale like tepals
monoecious flowers
simple, entire, basal, parallel veined leaves

Liliaceae Nothoscordum

6 sepals and stamens
bulbs w/ contractile roots
simple, entire, parallel veined leaves
showy flowers
spots on perianth
flat seeds w/ oily endosperm

Salicaceae Populus fremontii

Fremont cottonwood

Salicaceae Salix goodingii


Agavaceae Agave sp.

basal rosette, succulent, sharp point at apex
6 tepals, 6 stamens
distinct filaments, adnate to perianth
loculicidal capsular fruit
seeds flattened w/ black crust

Agavaceae Hesperaloe parviflora

rolled leaves w/ fibers on margins
bracts subtending flowers
6 tepals
radial, imbricate

Plantaginaceae Penstemon eatoni

simple, spiral, basal leaves
4/4 Co/Ca connate; Co connate into tube
terminal spike
4 anther-bearing stamens

Plantaginaceae Plantago patagonica

formerly purshii in K&P

Orobanchaceae Castilleja linariifolia

radial calyx

Lamiaceae Hyptis emoryi

4 stamens, didynamous
regular calyx
5/5 Ca/Co bilabiate
opposite, simple leaves
aromatic oils, square stems
1 ovule w/ 4 nutlets, 1 gynobasic style

Asteraceae Encelia farinosa


Asteraceae Bebbia juncea


Asteraceae Baileya multiradiata


Asteraceae Erigeron divergens


Asteraceae Ericameria linaerifolia


Asteraceae Sonchus oleracea


Euphorbiaceae w/ cyathium


Euphorbiaceae w/ stem succulent


Euphorbiaceae Chamaesyce albomarginata


Onagraceae Oenothera sp.


Polygonaceae Eriogonum fasciculatum


Apiaceae Torilis nodosa


Apiaceae Apium leptophylla


Asclepiadaceae Asclepias tuberosa


Asclepiadaceae Asclepias subulata


Cactaceae Echinocereus sp.


Cactaceae Mammalaria sp.


Cactaceae Opuntia sp.

paddle cactus

Cactaceae Echinocactus sp.


Cactaceae Ferocactus



pinnate leaves, many veins
no indusium, just sorus


indusium present
free veins
no needle-like hairs



Equisetaceae Equisetum sp.

perennial herb w/ rhizomes
unbranced or w/ whorls of branchlets
modified leaves whorled, fused into sheaths @ nodes
spores born into strobili

Pinaceae Picea engelmanni

persistent, raised leaf bases
4 sided needles
paper ovulate cone scales
mixed conifer forest at 9000 feet

Pinaceae Pseudotsuga sp.

"Douglas fir"
flat needles
bracts between scales (mouse tails)
mixed conifer forest at 9000 feet

Pinaceae Abies sp.

flat needles
bracts of ovulate cones deciduous
deciduous leaves
mixed conifer forest at 9000 feet

Pinaceae Pinus reflexa

mixed conifer forest at 9000 feet
needles born in fascicles

Pinaceae Pinus edulis

"Pinyon Pine"
pinyon/juniper forest at 5000 feet

Pinaceae Pinus ponderosa

7000 feet

Cupressaceae Cupressus glabra

4500 feet
peltate cones

Cupressaceae Juniperus osteosperma

5000 feet
fleshy cones

Cupressaceae Juniperus deppeana

7000 feet
fleshy cones

Ephedraceae Ephedra fasciculata

4500 feet
reduced, scale like leaves
stems appearing jointed

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