Plants we keyed out

Hydrophyllaceae Phacelia sp.
Scorpoid cyme, forked pitsil

Sometimes have compound leaves, glandular tricombs

Apical Style-style comes off the apex of the ovary

5 lobe corolla, connate
Family: Brassicaceae
4 petals 4 sepals; cruciform (cross shape)
ex-stipulate: they don't have stipules

4 or 6 long stamens

silique or silicle fruits
Brassicaceae Sisymbrium irio
This one has a small beak on the beak
yellow flowers

simple leaves deeply divided
Brassicaceae Brassica tournefortii
Just Brassica sp.
This one has a pod with a shout beak.
Flowers white-ish, flowers are also bigger than the sisymbrium.

some are compound and some are simple
Brassicaceae Capsella bursa-pastoris
yellow or white flowers
pods looks like a purse
pods are like flat like disks
Press against the partition
Boraginaceae Amsinckia sp.
Has the four nutlets (1 pistil 2 carpels), aslo scropoid cyme

Simple leaves with sharp bristle

Gynobasic style- style comes off the bais of the ovary
Boraginaceae Pectocarya recurvata
recurve nutlet, with hooks on the margins, tinny little flowers, doesn't have scropoid cyme

5 lobe corolla, connate
10. Eschscholzia sp. Papaveraceae
Deciduous calyx
fused gymnecium
a lot of stamens
poresital ovules (capsule)
showy corollas
11. Malva parviflora Malvaceae
monodelphous stamen
"cheese weed"
small pink/ white flowers
12. Abutilon sp. Malvaceae
multiple capules (whorls of capsule)
Bright organe flowers
large shurbs
Fuzzy (stellate) hairs
13. Lycium fremontii Solanaceae
Fused corolla
Funnel form
fruits are berries
Calyx entire
leaves are succulent
usually 5 stamen
filaments are epipetalous
14. Nicotiana obtusifolia Solanaceae
Fused corolla
fruits are berries
green berries
Calyx entire
usually 5 stamen
filaments are epipetalous
alternate leaves
15. Mirabilis laevis Nyctaginaceae
Involucre( fused or separate bracts, looks like a calyx) (four o'clock family) blooms around four o'clock, opposite leaves

white, purple, pink flowers, multiple flowers can come off of a single involucre

typically 5 lobes 5 stamens
16. Oxalis sp. Oxalidaceae
eat it...but not to much

really??? Kensive....... this is your version of the Oxalidaceae? lol
contain trifolded lvs, and very "yellow".... (i think that s all you need to know for this organism)
17. Phoradendron californica Santalaceae (Viscaceae)
18. Simmondsia chinensis Simmondsiaceae
19. Chenopodium murale Amaranthaceae
green tepals and one black seed, powder substance on the leaves caused by glands

lvs are alternate
20. Atriplex canescens Chenopodiaceae
has scarious bracts, powder substance on the leaves caused by glands (four wing salt bush), inside is the ovary, farenous

i also think is woody
lvs are alternate
21. Erodium cicutarium Geraniaceae
once compound lvs in this case (but it can be palmately ,pinnately or divided )
another trait is: it has a long tail on the fruit which also have called a schizocarp w/5 segments
10 stamens in 2 whorls
filament basally connate
22. Tecoma stans Bignoniaceae
very easy to distinguish, just remember is bright yellow compare to orange in tecoma capensis
23. Justicia californica Acanthaceae
lvs simple, entire, opposite
flws zygomorphic, ca 5 synsepalous (google it), co 5 lobes
fruit: explosively capsule with 2 recurving
24. Avena sp. Poaceae
25. Pennisetum sp. Poaceae
26. Muhlenbergia sp. Poaceae
27. Cynodon dactylon Poaceae
28. Schismus sp. Poaceae
29. Lupinus sparsiflorus Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Subfamily: Papilionoideae
**This is describing the subfamily of Fabaceae-Pailionodeae

Habit: trees or shrubs, occasionally herbs

Leaves: pinnately compound, triofliate, or occasionally reduced to one leaflet

Flower: zygomorphic

Corolla aestivation: Imbricate, with upper (or odd) petal outermost

Corolla morphology: petals unequal, with uppermost (or odd) the largest, and 2 basal connate/ coherent at apex (keel)

Androecium: 10 distinct or fused (monoadelphous), or 9 connate + 1 distinct (diadelphous)
33. Medicago spp. Fabaceae Subfamily: Papilionoideae
36. Sophora sp. Fabaceae Subfamily: Papilionoideae
Papilionoideae: Lotus rigidus
5/5 Co/Ca
fused stamens
strong zygo
30. Senna sp. Fabaceae Subfamily: Caesalpinoideae
**This is describing the subfamily of Fabaceae-Caesalpinoideae

Habit: trees or shrubs, occasionally herbs

Leaves: pinnately, or sometime bipinnately, compound

Flower: usually +/- zygomorphic

Corolla aestivation: Imbricate, with upper petal innermost

Corolla Morphology: petals unequal, with uppermost often smaller than the laterals, distinct

Androecium: 10 or fewer: usually distinct
31. Calliandra eriophylla Fabaceae Subfamily: Mimosoideae
**This is describing the subfamily of Fabaceae-Mimosoideae

Habit: trees or shrubs, occasionally herbs

Leaves: usually bipinnately compund

Flower: Actinomorphic

Corolla aestivation: valvate

Corolla morphology: lobes equal; often connate into a tube

Androecium: 10 to many: distinct, or sometimes basally connate

Others: Flowers small, usually in dense heads, filaments long and brightly colored
35. Acacia sp. Fabaceae Subfamily: Mimosoideae
32. Gilia sp. Polemoniaceae
Habits: Annuals, Bieenial, Perennial herebs: Sometimes shrubs, small trees and vines

Leaves: Simple, sometime compound, entire or pinnately or palmatel divided, Alternate and opposite. Exstipulate

Inflorescence: Determinate, often cymose, terminal sometimes solitary and axillary

Flowers: Actinomorphic, perfect, hypogynous. Showy with internecariferous disk

Ca: 5 lobes Co: 5 lobes, Often with thin membranous tissue (widows) connecting lobes. Campanlate, salverform or funnelform. Various colors (red, purple, pink, blue, white)

Androecium: 5 stamen adnate to corolla

Gynoecium: Superior with 3(2-4) fused carpels and 3 locules. Style with 3 stigmatic lobes

Fruit: Loculicidal capsule
Polemoniaceae Phlox tenuifolia
fused corolla
windows in calyx
34. Galium stellatum Rubiaceae
Rosoideae: aggregate fruit, many free carpels, stipulate, superior ovary
Maloideae: pome fruit, 2-5 fused carpels, inferior ovary, stipulate
Prunoideae: drupe fruit, one carpel, superior ovary, stipulate
Spireoideae: capsular fruit, 5 free carpels, superior ovary, ex-stipulate
Maloideae: Malus sp. (apple)
pome fruit: hypanthium tissue w/ cartilagenous endocarp
5 calyx, withered perianth
Prunoideae: Prunus sp. (plum)
drupe fruit: mesocarp w/ stony endocarp
hard pits, like in peaches, cherries
almond is only edible pit
Rosoideae: Fragaria sp. (strawberry)
enlarged receptacle
achenes are individual ovaries
Cucurbitaceae Marah gilensis
stems 5-angled in cross section
axillary inflorescence
spirally coiled tendrils
5/5 Co/Ca synsepalous, sympetalous
pepo fruit w/ leathery or hard pericarp
Portulacaceae Claytonia perfoliata
valvate capsule
perfoliate, opposite, fused leaves
4-6 tepals; 4-6 stamens
mucilaginous tissue; succulent
loculicidal/ circumsessile capsule
Juncaceae Juncus articulatus
rhizomatous perennial
round stems
bisexual, radial flowers
6 tepals; dull and chaffy
open basal leaf sheath
3 carpels
small numerous seeds
3 valved capsular fruit
Cyperaceae Carex sp.
unisexual flowers
spikelets on branches
achene in perigynium
triangular stems
closed leaf sheath
subtended by bracts
Cyperaceae Eleocharis sp.
black seed
terminal spikelet
Cyperaceae Schoenoplectus sp.
flowers arranged spirally around colm
Cyperaceae Cyperus sp.
subtended by leaves
laterally flattened
Typhaceae Typha sp. (cattails)
double spadix
scale like tepals
monoecious flowers
simple, entire, basal, parallel veined leaves
Liliaceae Nothoscordum
6 sepals and stamens
bulbs w/ contractile roots
simple, entire, parallel veined leaves
showy flowers
spots on perianth
flat seeds w/ oily endosperm
Salicaceae Populus fremontii
Fremont cottonwood
Salicaceae Salix goodingii
Agavaceae Agave sp.
basal rosette, succulent, sharp point at apex
6 tepals, 6 stamens
distinct filaments, adnate to perianth
loculicidal capsular fruit
seeds flattened w/ black crust
Agavaceae Hesperaloe parviflora
rolled leaves w/ fibers on margins
bracts subtending flowers
6 tepals
radial, imbricate
Plantaginaceae Penstemon eatoni
simple, spiral, basal leaves
4/4 Co/Ca connate; Co connate into tube
terminal spike
4 anther-bearing stamens
Plantaginaceae Plantago patagonica
formerly purshii in K&P
Orobanchaceae Castilleja linariifolia
radial calyx
Lamiaceae Hyptis emoryi
4 stamens, didynamous
regular calyx
5/5 Ca/Co bilabiate
opposite, simple leaves
aromatic oils, square stems
1 ovule w/ 4 nutlets, 1 gynobasic style
Asteraceae Encelia farinosa
Asteraceae Bebbia juncea
Asteraceae Baileya multiradiata
Asteraceae Erigeron divergens
Asteraceae Ericameria linaerifolia
Asteraceae Sonchus oleracea
Euphorbiaceae w/ cyathium
Euphorbiaceae w/ stem succulent
Euphorbiaceae Chamaesyce albomarginata
Onagraceae Oenothera sp.
Polygonaceae Eriogonum fasciculatum
Apiaceae Torilis nodosa
Apiaceae Apium leptophylla
Asclepiadaceae Asclepias tuberosa
Asclepiadaceae Asclepias subulata
Cactaceae Echinocereus sp.
Cactaceae Mammalaria sp.
Cactaceae Opuntia sp.
paddle cactus
Cactaceae Echinocactus sp.
Cactaceae Ferocactus
pinnate leaves, many veins
no indusium, just sorus
indusium present
free veins
no needle-like hairs
Equisetaceae Equisetum sp.
perennial herb w/ rhizomes
unbranced or w/ whorls of branchlets
modified leaves whorled, fused into sheaths @ nodes
spores born into strobili
Pinaceae Picea engelmanni
persistent, raised leaf bases
4 sided needles
paper ovulate cone scales
mixed conifer forest at 9000 feet
Pinaceae Pseudotsuga sp.
"Douglas fir"
flat needles
bracts between scales (mouse tails)
mixed conifer forest at 9000 feet
Pinaceae Abies sp.
flat needles
bracts of ovulate cones deciduous
deciduous leaves
mixed conifer forest at 9000 feet
Pinaceae Pinus reflexa
mixed conifer forest at 9000 feet
needles born in fascicles
Pinaceae Pinus edulis
"Pinyon Pine"
pinyon/juniper forest at 5000 feet
Pinaceae Pinus ponderosa
7000 feet
Cupressaceae Cupressus glabra
4500 feet
peltate cones
Cupressaceae Juniperus osteosperma
5000 feet
fleshy cones
Cupressaceae Juniperus deppeana
7000 feet
fleshy cones
Ephedraceae Ephedra fasciculata
4500 feet
reduced, scale like leaves
stems appearing jointed