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12 terms

Forms of Stratification

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Estate System
Stratification based on large landholdings by a small number of people in an agricultural society. Characterized by limited mobility and stratification is politically based. This system is founded in feudal Europe and the American South before the Civil War
Caste System
Stratification based on religion and characterized by the absence of social mobility. This system is found in India and positions are ascribed.
Class System
Stratification based on economics and characterized by loose mobility. This system is found in the US and other industrialized nations.
Proletariat
The working class; those who own no means of productions of their own and so are reduced to selling their labor power in order to live
Bourgeoisie
The ruling class; the modern capitalists who are the employers of wage labor. They own the means of production.
Contradictory Class Locations
Managers, supervisors, and other people who fall between the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat.
Upper Class
Those at the top of the stratification system. In the US, about 1% of the population
Middle Class
Those with nonmanual jobs that pay significantly over the poverty line
Meritocracy
A system of stratification where status and mobility are based on individual attributes and ability.
Social Mobility
A change of position within a stratification system
Horizontal Mobility
The occupational movement of individuals of groups with social class. Ex: A former police officer who shifts careers to become a security consultant.
Vertical Mobility
The movement between different class statuses. This type is less likely to occur than horizontal mobility. Ex: A police officer marries the CEO of a large corporation.