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20 terms

Middle East 7 vocab set 15

summer school set 15
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intifada
name given to the Palestinian uprisisngs on the West Bank and Gaza Regions under Jewish control
Ziggurat
Summerian building, many tiered temple
Hammurabi Code
Harsh code of laws developed in the Middle East, an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth
Carter
President who master-mided the Camp David Accord
torah
first five books of the Old Testement
Mohammed
individual who brought Islam to the world, he was a messenger or prophet of God
Koran
Islamic Holy book, rules, and laws that must be followed by good Muslims
Mosque
place of worship for the followers of the Islamic faith
rabbis
religious teachers in the Jewish faith that interpret Judaic law
Allah
Islamic name for God
5 Pillars
Rules that a good Muslim must follow to attain salvation
Kaaba
building that holds the sacred Holy black stone...from Allah
Jihad
Islamic holy war
Theocracy
form of government where a religious leader holds the reigns of political power...no separation of church and state
Hijra
Mohammed's flight from Mecca and Medina 622 A.D. considered to be the first year of the Islamic calendar
power vacuum
empty space found when two or more groups...individuals tange, and something must fill it
circumambulation
ceremony of parading around the Kaaba in Mecca
fundamentalism
religious beliefs based on a literal (actual) interpretation of everything in the ...Koran
Sunni
majority Muslim sect found in the Middle East believe that Mohammed's successor should be elected caliph
shiites
minority Islamic group that believed that Mohammed's successor should be a descendant of his.