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the more important or emotional the utterance. meaningful and amount of content in an utterance


sub. of an alternative word for a stuttered on. ex Porky's bye for night


speaking with out hesitations, interjections, or reptitions


word improperly patterned in time and speaker's reaction there to.


sound where articulators constrict airflow but there is no complete cessation/interruption of airflow of air flow


percentage of people who have had stuttering at some pt in their lives


percentage of people who have condition now

Fluent Sp2

smooth and effortlessly produced sp.

normally dysfluent2

naturally occuring repet., prolongations and hesitations during speech

direct therapy2

clinician works individually with child

confirmed stuttering2

true stuttering- affects kids as young as 18m and elderly

developmental stuttering2

incipient stuttering- atypical dysfluencies- more sig dysfluencies not neccessarily more dysf

indirect therapy2

parents friends and teachers are counseled to reduce child's stress


cause of pathology


stuttering could be stopped by gradually presenting anxiety- evoking stimuli when client is otherwise relaxed


Delayed auditory feedback: time lapse between what is spoken and when speaker hears it

avoidance 2

lack of eye contact, closing eyes mid sentence

escape behaviors2

person who stutters tries to remove herself from stuttering movement

diagnosogenic therory of stuttering 2

normal nonfluencies stuttering actually induce stuttering

response strength 2

usually high with life long stutters- magnitude of reaction to stimuls

stuttering fluently 2

learning to stutter smooth and gentle

operant conditioning 2

type of behavior mod. therapy- reward normal sp.- discourage stuttered sp so its almost totally eliminated. Discourage by reminding person to monitor sp. and use fluent sp. tools or with DAF. Even use cue when stuttering from teacher or parent

self esteem 2

ego strength- by group therapy or counseling

psychology therapy 2

use relaxation training , systematic densitization to treat phobia

cluttering 2

verbal thought organization fluency disorder

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