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33 terms

structure and function male reproductive system

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testosterone
a male hormone responsible for the secondary sex characteristic changes that occur with the onset of puberty
testicles
the male gonads
scrotum
a sac located posterior to the penis
seminiferous tubles
specialized coils of tiny tubules that are responsible for the production of sperm
epididymis
its purpose is that of housing the sperm until the move, becoming fertile and motile
prostate gland
a gland that surronds the base of the urethra, which secretes a milky, colored secretion into the urethra during ejaculation
bulbourethral glands
a pair of small pea-shaped glands that empty into the urethra just before it extends through the penis. AKA cowper's gland
anorchism
the absence of one or both testicles
carcinoma of the testes
a malignant tumor of the testicles
cryptorchidism
a condition of undescended testicles
impotence
the inability of a male to achieve or sustain an erection
hypospadias
a congenital defect in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis instead of at the end
orchitis
imflammation of the testes due to a virus, bacterial infection, or injury
carcinoma of the prostate
malignant growth within the prostate gland
balanitis
inflammationof the glans penis and the mucous membrane beneath it
hydrocele
an accumulation of fluid in andy saclike cavity or duct, particularly the scrotal sac or along the spermatic cord
epispadias
a congential defect in whic the urethra open on the upper side of the penis at some point near the glans
inguina hernia
a protrusion of a part of the intestine through a weakened spot in the muscles and membranes of the inguinal region of the abdomen
phimosis
a tightness of the the foreskin of the penis that prevents it from being pulled back
chlamydia
a sexuall transmitted bacterial infection that causes cervicitis in women and urethritis and epididymitis in men
genital warts
small cauliflower-like fleshy growths transmitted from person to person through sexual intercourse
syphilis
a sexually transmitted disease characterized by lesions caused by spirochete treponema pallidum
trichomoniasis
a sexually transmitted protozoal infection of the vagina, urethra, or prostate. The causitive organism is trichomonas vaginalis
gonorrhea
a sexually transmitted bacterial infection of the mucous membrane of the genital tract in men and women. the causative organism is neisseria gonorrhoeae
aids
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
vasectomy
a surgical cutting and tying of the vas deferns to prevent the passage of sperm
FTA-ABS test
a seroligical test for syphilis. the acronym stands for flourescent treponemal antibody-absorption test
castration
the surgical removal of the testicles in the male or the ovaries in the female
wet mount; wet prep
the microscopic examination of fresh vagingal or male urethral secretions to test for the presence of living organisms
suprapubic prostatectomy
the surgical removal of the prostate gland by making an incision into the abdominal wall, just above the pubis
semen analysis
an assessment of a sample of semen
genital herpes
a highly contagious viral infection of the male and female genitalia and it can recur spontaneously once the virus has been acquired
cystoscopy
the process of visualizing the urinary tract through a cystoscope that has been inserted in the urethra