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33 terms

Afro-Asian Religion, Marriage & Customs

Afro-Asian Studies vocabulary list regarding religion, marriage & customs.
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ethnology
a science that deals with the division of human beings into races and their origin, distribution, relations, and characteristics
monotheism
belief that there is but one God
polytheism
belief in or worship of more than one god
Islam
the religious faith of Muslims including belief in Allah as the sole deity and in Muhammad as his prophet
Muslim
Arabic muslim, literally, one who submits (to God), an adherent of Islam
monogamy
the state or custom of being married to one person
polygamy
refers to multiple marriages (more than one wife or husband at a time)
polygyny
a form of polygamy which allows a husband to have more than one wife at a time. eg. Ganda (of Uganda)
exogamy
marriage outisde one's social group according to custom.
endogamy
marriage within one's social group according to custom.
polyandry
a form of polygamy which allows a wife to have more than one husband at a time, eg. Ndebele (of South Africa)
lobola
or "bride price" (cattle, food, money, agricultural tools) is given to the bride's family to guarantee that the bride will be treated properly. It also helps compensate the bride's family for the loss of a worker.
anthropology
the study of man
homo habilis
"skilled man", the term refers to the fossils discovered by Dr. Leakey in Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania
race
a human population whose members breed among themselves and have become distinct from other populations by sharing a number of inherited physical traits.
Nilotic
people found in he middle eastern part of Africa and along the Nile River who are the result of Negro-Hamitic intermarriage, eg. Watusi, Masai
nuclear family
consists of father, mother and children
extended family
consists of the nucler group as well as near relatives or even another nuclear family
patriarchal society
is dominated by a male figure
matriarchal society
is dominated by a female figure
environment
surroundings
subsistence
means of keeping alive; livelihood
Dogon
cliff dwellers who live in Mali
sedentary
moving little and rarely
steppe
semi-arid area bordering a desert
acacia
thorny tree of the grasslands
baobab
large, ungainly-looking tree of the savanna; the "upside-down" tree
millet
a very small grain used for food in Africa and Asia
sorghum
a tall cereal plant resembling corn. One variety has a sweet juice used for making molasses or syrup, others provide food for livestock either by their grain or as hay, and still others provide material for brushes or brooms.
Mbuti
refers to the Pygamies of the Central Ituri Forest in the Congo Basin
nomad
a person who moves from place to place in search of pasture for cattle or areas for hunting and gathering
tropical rainforest
jungle
molimo
a long trumpet, usually of wood, used in ritual songs sung by the Mbuti at night. Only males participate during a crisis.