Social Studies: Chapter 4, Section 1 (Governing the Colonies) and Section 2 (Colonial Society)
Terms in this set (17)
A document signed by King John in 1215, which granted certain rights to English people, such as trial by jury, and the right to own private property. It also limited the king's right to levy taxes.
To charge, to force to be paid
A group of people who have the power to make laws
In England, this legislature was made up of The House of Lords and The House of Commons.
bill of rights
A written list of freedoms that a government promises to protect
The principle that a person cannot be held in prison without being charged with a specific crime
freedom of the press
The right of journalists to publish the truth without restriction or penalty
The publishing of statements that damage a person's reputation
John Peter Zenger
This publisher was put on trial after he published articles criticizing the governor. He was found innocent of libel, which helped establish freedom of the press in the colonies.
These laws supported mercantilism, as they benefited England by stating that shipments from the colonies had to go through England, had to go on English-built ships, and that key products could only be sold to England.
Family that includes, in addition to the parents and their children, other members, such as grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousins
Having to do with the home or household
Someone who learns a trade by working for someone in that trade for a certain period of time
The upper class of colonial society, including wealthy planters, merchants, ministers, royal officials, and successful lawyers
Neither rich nor extremely poor, this group was made up of small planters, independent farmers, and artisans
These people signed a contract to work from 4 to 10 years in the colonies for anyone who would pay for his or her ocean passage to the Americas
free African Americans
There were very few of these people in the colonies. The few that did have their freedom occasionally bought land and managed to buy their enslaved relatives to freedom.