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Post World War US (3.1)
Terms in this set (38)
What was the Post WWII Economy?
Pent up demand (during war things were rationed)
US industry intact (no bombs, not fought on turf)
What type of shift was there in the economy?
Shift from military goods to consumer goods
What was important about American armaments?
US becomes expert in manufacturing armaments (military airplanes/tanks)
STILL big provider today
What is Levittown, New York?
Levitt is a builder
Suburban area growing
What happens to government agencies and corporations after the war?
Corporations strengthened during and after the war
Agencies recover from Depression (New Deal) and offer lots of jobs
What happens to home life after the war?
Personal savings (more)
The love affair with the ___ is intensified
The government supported this by building new roads
What are the 2 problems veterans face when coming back from war?
1. Will we have another depression?
2. What are we going to do with all of these men? Are there enough jobs?
What is the GI Bill?
Bill that attempts to help veterans by putting them in school to increase their education
What were the 2 principal functions of the GI Bill?
What 3 population shifts were there?
Suburbs (over the city)
Why did people move Westward?
Defense industry (CA)
People are moving for jobs
Why did people move to the Sunbelt?
The south had generally lagged in post civil war, but it shifts and now has big towns
This is where some companies are creating they plants
What advances in technology were there?
The Bronx Sidewalk Effect was...
People moving off the streets and inside to watch TV
What 3 levels of Consumerism were there?
Credit (readily available $)
What was new in advertising?
Newspapers/magazines --> radio/television
Became much more sophisticated in targeting people
What defined the 50's culture?
Fashion (dress the same)
Strong sense of community
What were women supposed to aspire to be?
Clubs, volunteer work
What are more women doing?
More working/professionals (not ideal)
More going to college to get a degree (better educated homemakers)
When men come back from the war, what do women do?
Suburban home makers
Who is still in the workplace?
Lower class whites
What happens in regards to religion?
Back to churches and synagogues
Pledge of Allegiance/coins
Who is Harry Truman?
President after FDR
What was Truman's agenda?
Democrat (supports the working man)
Higher: minimum wages and unemployment compensation
What happened in the wake of the Taft-Harly Act?
Republican sponsored (working man NOT happy)
Truman's veto WON labor support
Congress overrides his veto (Republican Congress)
What 2 things did the Taft-Hartley Act focus on?
Outlawed closed shop
What did outlawing closed shops mean?
closed shop = you had to be a union member
This means you can be in a union or not
= dilutes the strength of unions
Which is why working men don't like it
What did the cooling-off period mean?
If a union calls a strike and the government believes it is placing the nation at risk they have an 80 day "cooling off period"
Gives time for managers to get to working man
Works AGAINST the working man/labors/unions
What was the 1948 Democratic Party focused on?
Civil rights for African Americans
States Rights Party (nicknamed the "Dixiecrats")
What are the Dixiecrats focused on?
Against expansion of civil rights for African Americans
States' Rights Democratic is anti civil rights in the South
Also, the Democratic party of Truman wins
What's going on in China?
-Truman accused of "losing" China
-Rival of Mao Tse-Tung
-Creates a new nation ("nationalist China"), today called Taiwan
-US recognized nationalist China (Taiwan)
The US is still controlling Japan
What's going on in Europe?
-Economic aid to Europe
-Bolstering up the economy/feeding people
-Didn't want anything to do with the Marshall Plan
$13 billion over 4 years from US
What's going on in Germany?
Winston Churchill: "Iron Curtain" in Europe
Germany is divided
It's a virtual curtain (not physical)
What 2 military alliances are there and who do they include?
NATO- North Atlantic Treaty Organization
-Western countries of Europe and US
-Still exists today
-USSR and countries to the East
Who was George F. Kennan and what did he stand for?
The strategy that the US should follow is to CONTAIN communism and the ideology of the USSR (doesn't have to be eliminate)
What was the Truman Doctrine?
Support free people resisting subjugation by:
-(Greece and Turkey)
--> had a problem inside their country (wanted to overthrow existing government) and other countries getting involved
What were the 2 characteristics of this period?
Affluence and Anxiety
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