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49 terms

Blood Lab 1

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erythrocyte
red blood cell
leukocyte
white blood cell
thrombocyte
platelet
Granulocytes
Basophil
Eosinophil
Neutrophil
Agranulocyte
lymphocyte
monocyte
Undifferentiated stem cell
cell line used for all the blood cell types
long and flat bones
all blood cells are made in
testosterone
women's rbc values are 10% lower than men's rbc because of a lack of the hormone
5.4 X 10^6 rbc
average normal rbc count for a man
4.9 X 10^6 rbc
average normal rbc for a woman
45%
normal hematocrit for a male
40%
normal hematocrit for a female
4,500-11,000 cells
normal wbc cell count
infection
wbc's increase with
megakaryocyte
Platelets aer fragments of a cell line in the red bone marrow with a large nucleus; each platelet has a chunk of nucleus and stains purple
average normal platelet range
150,000-250,000 platelets per mm^3
4 250 million
oxygens per Hb?
hemoglobins in one rbc?
ATP
the production of __ is drastically affected by whether oxygen is available
Hb
what is the test that measures the actual oxygen capacity of your blood?
16 grams
normal average Hb value for a man
reticulocyte
What rbc type is released into circulation?
production = destruction
rule for immature rbc type
hemostasis
process that keeps you from bleeding (keeps the blood volume normal)
principles of hemostasis
vasoconstriction
platelet plug
fibrin clot
120 days
average rbc life span
EPO
hormone stimulates rbc production
morph
shape
Nucleus
Nuclear
poly
many
leuk
white
erythro
red
karyo
kernel
emia
in the blood
cyte
cell
penia
deficiency
granulo
vessel
liver spleen amino acids transferin liver bone marrow feratin hemociterin liver bilirubin
Organs that break down rbcs __ and __. The alpha and beta proteins are recycled into __ __ and are used to make more proteins or burned to make ATP. The iron is converted to Fe3 and is carried by a transport protein called __ to the __ and __ __ to be stored as __ and __. The heme rings are broken down in the __ to __
sickle cell anemia B thalaremia
Disorders both involve gene mutations that result in unstable hemoglobin
amoeboid motion capillaries diapedesis
All wbcs can crawl, called __; they use the bloodstream to travel anywhere in your body in under a minute, and leave the bloodstream through to smalled blood vessels called __ by __
round and big b t cells
Lymphocyte nucleus shape __, types __ and __
kidney 4
Monocyte nucleus shape, ave differential count __%
neutral 65
Neutrophil granule color, ave differential count __%
orange/pink 1-2
Eosinophil granule color, ave differential count __%
blue/dark purple 7.5
Basophil granule color, ave differential count __%
mast histamine bradykinin
basophils are related to __ cells; the granules in either type contain __ and __
leukopenia
If the wbc total count is low, it is called __.
leukemia
If one line of wbcs starts multiplying out of control, it is called
plasma cells
subtype that produces antibodies
helper t lymph
specific subtype infected with HIV