Part IV: Chap 11-13: IUS Spring 2012

What is the Pathway of Blood through the heart?
Click the card to flip 👆
1 / 145
Terms in this set (145)
What is the largest artery in the Herta cavity?AortaWhat is bright red blood?Blood from an arteryWhich ventricle is thicker?The left sideWhat is pulmonary circulation?Blood that goes to the heart - lungs and back to heart; oxygen;- poor, CO2 rich bloodWhat is systemic circulation?Blood that goes to the heart - body and back to the heart oxygen;- rich, CO2 poor bloodWhat sounds does the heart make?lup dubWho make the heart sound lup of the closing of the valve?Tricuspid and bicuspid valvesWho makes the heart sound dub or the second sound?Pulmonary and aortic semilunar valvesIs the opening of heart valves open together?No. One opens, one closes.What artery supplies the heart with oxygen?Coronary arteryWhat is the arterial blood full of?OxygenWhat is the venous blood lacking?OxygenWhat color is venous blood?Dark redWhat color is arterial blood?Bright redWhat sound does the heart make?Lup dubWhat is that dub sound?Semilunar - pulmonary and aortic valvesWhat is the lup sound?Tricuspid and bicuspid AV valvesTachycardia?Fast heart rateBradycardia?Slow heart rateWhat artery supplies the heart with oxygen?Coronary arteryWhat is artherosclerosis?Hardening of the arteries of fatty substancesWhat is chest pain?Angina pectorisWhat is a heart attack?Myocardial infarctionWhat ventricle of the heart is thicker?Left ventricleWhy is the left ventricle thicker?It needs to pump blood to the fingers and toesWhat does ECG stand for?ElectrocardiogramWhat does electrocardiograph mean?Record of electricity of the heartWhich circulation is heart to lungs to heart?Pulmonary circulationWhat circulation is heart to body to heart?Systemic circulationWho caries blood away from the heart?arteriesWho has dark red blood and is oxygen-depleted?veinsWho has bright red blood and is full of oxygen?arteriesWho carries blood to the heart?veinsWho is the smallest blood vessel?capillariesWhere are gases exchanged?capillariesWho transports oxygen and carbon dioxide?capillariesWhat is contracting and relaxing of the left ventricle?PulseWhat is your pressure point called found in your wrist?Radial arteryWhat is you pressure point called found in the neck?Common carotid arteryPlaces where one can compress to stop the blood are called?pressure pointsWhat pulse at resting state?70-76 beats per minuteWhat is a normal blood pressure?120/80What is the pressure in the artery at the peak of ventricle contraction?SystoleWhat is the pressure when the ventricles re relaxing?DiastolicWhat is low blood pressure?HypotensionWhat is high blood pressure?HypertensionIt is consider hypotension when the bp is?Below 100It is consider hypertension when the bp is?Over 140/90What is the pressure of blood exerted against the inner walls of the blood vessels that keeps blood circulating continuously?Blood pressureWhat are the 3 functions of the lymphatic system?1. Immune system 2. Absorb lipids - fats 3. Drainage systemWhat are the four major lymph nodes sites?1. Cervical- neck 2. Axillary- armpit 3. Mediastinal - mediastinum (chest) 4. Inguinal - groinWhat does lymph mean?Clear watery fluidThe lymph has no ______ and no ______.1. RBC 2. PlateletsWhat organ traps and removes bacteria before getting to the digestive and respiratory system?TonsilsWhat resembles the lymph?Lymphoid organWhat organ destroys RBC @ 120 days?SpleenWhat organ develops strong immune system for children?ThymusWhat is the first stage of the pathway of lymph?BloodWhat leaks out and back in the lymphatic pathway?ProteinWho eats up the RBC in the spleen @ 120 days?Phagocytes or macrophageWhat artery supplies the heart with oxygen?coronary arteryWhat are the lymphoma in the armpit?axillaryWhat kind of blood flows through the right side of the heart?deoxygenated bloodWhat kind of blood flows through the left side of the heart?oxygenated bloodThe bodies ability to reset disease is?immunityA immediate response from all foreign substance is?innate defense mechanismA precise and expose attack against particular foreign substance is?adaptive defense mechanismThe 1st and 2nd line of defense are part of the _________ defense mechanisms?innate (non-specific)The 3rd line of defense is part of the ________ defense mechanisms?adaptive (specific)Keratin, mucus, nasal hairs and gastric juices are part of what line of defense?1st line of defenseLymphocytes and macrophages are part of what line of defense?3rd line of defensePhagocytes and fever are part of what line of defense?2nd line of defenseWhat responds immediately and protects from all foreign substance?Innate (non-specific) defense mechanismWhat adjust to particular precise and exposed to foreign substance?Adaptive (specific) defense mechanismWhich type of defense mechanism attacks all foreign substance?innate (non-specific) defense mechanismWhat type of defense mechanism has t be exposed before it attacks?adaptive (specific) defense mechanismWhat defense mechanism is very fast?innate (non-specific) defense mechanismWhat defense mechanism is very precise?adaptive (specific) defense mechanismWhat defense mechanism is the 3rd line of defense?adaptive (specific) defense mechanismWhat defense mechanism is the 1 and 2nd line fall under?innate (non-specific) defense mechanismWhich line of defense is macrophage in?3rd line of defenseWhat line of defense is nasal hair in?1st line of defenseWhat line of defense is fever in?2nd line of defenseWhat is a movement of a high concentration to a low concentration?diffusionWhat is inflammation of the nose?rhinitisWhat is inflammation of the tonsils?tonsillitisWhat is inflammation of the sinus?sinusitisWhat is breathing by diffusion?pulmonary ventilationWhat is inflammation of the pleura?pleurisyDuring expiration the diaphragm does what?moves up, and the chest moves inWhat is bp?systole over diastole; contraction and relaxationWhat organ is only activity during childhood and to make sure your immune system is strong?thymusNasal hairs are in what line of defense?1st line of defenseFever is in what line of defense?2nd line of defenseWhat are examples in the 3rd line of defense?lymphocytes and macrophageWhat respiratory in between your blood capillaries and the air in atmosphere?external respirationWhat does your diaphragm do when your exhale?moves up, chest moves inWhat do you call a pacemaker?SA nodeDescribe the cardiac conduction pathway?SA node - AV node - bundle of His - bundle of branches - Purkinje fibersWhat is an abnormal reaction to a perceived threat?allergiesWhat is a foreign substance that enters the bloodstream?anaphylacticExplain the steps of the pathway of air?Air goes through the Nose - into the Nasal Cavity - Pharynx - Larynx (voice box) - Trachea (windpipe) - Left or Right Bronchial Tube - Bronchioles - Alveoli ( air sacs)The deficient of oxygen is?hypoxiaWhat is an incomplete expansion of a lung/or collapsed lung?atelectasisWhat is an allergic response?asthmaWhat is abnormal condition of blue skin is?cyanosisWhich disease has your air trapped in your air sacs and causes lung fibrosis?emphysemaWhat is the number one main thing that causes hypoxia and cyanosis?carbon dioxide poisoningWhat is the inability to breath during sleep?sleep apneaWhat are the two biggest causes of chronic bronchitis?1. smoking 2. air pollutionWhat is inflammation of the mucus membrane in the bronchial tubes that is long lasting?chronic bronchitisWhat is air that is flowing into the lungs?inspiration/ inhalingWhat is air that is leaving the lungs?expiration/exhalingWhat two gases are bring transported through the bloodstream?1. oxygen 2. carbon dioxideWhat is breathingpulmonary ventilationHow is gas exchanged in the body?diffusion; to a high concentration to a low concentrationWhat does the diaphragm do when you inhale?moves down, chest moves outWhat respiratory exchanges gas between the blood capillaries and the cells inside the body?internal respiratory_______ goes into the alveoli during inspiration?oxygenWhat happens to your alveoli during expiration?oxygen is loaded into the blood and carbon dioxide is unloaded via the air sacsWhat happens to your alveoli during inspiration?oxygen is unloaded and carbon dioxide is loaded into the blood via tissue cellsExposed to a particular substance and mounts an attack?Adapt mechanismWhat is the process of moving the air out of the lungs?Pulmonary ventilationWhat produces fire?PyrogensWhat are the air sacs called?AlveoliWhat are eating/ engulfing cells?PhagocytesWhat is adaptive specific mechanism?Exposed to a particular substance, and is preciseWhat is innate/nonspecific mechanism?Immediately goes after any foreign substanceThe 3rd line of defense makes up what kind of mechanism?Adapt/specificThe 1st and 2nd line of defense make up what kind of mechanism?Innate/nonspecificWhat line of defense are killer cells?2ndWhat is an alternating, expansion, and recoiling of an artery?PulseWho is the pacemaker in your body?SAM nodeWhat causes a feverpyPyrogensWhat makes the sounds of the heart?Valves