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Keeps the person alive. Breathing, heart, coughing, vomiting...

Brain stem

Coordination, posture, motor memory, movement, rote learning


Sends signals around the brain. Essential in focusing attention


Controls body temperature, appetite and signalling hormones. Hormones are the body's "messengers."


Releases melatonin - the sleep hormone

Pineal Gland

Connects the left & right hemispheres.

Corpus Callosum

Makes new memories and direction-finding


Basic emotion centre. Freeze, Fight or Flight


White matter. Billions of insulated neurons that 'wire' up the brain


Billions of cell bodies and dendrites for thinking


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