Terms in this set (47)
Why England wanted to have a colony in North America
To increase its wealth and power. England hoped to ﬁnd silver and gold in America. An American colony would give England raw materials and open new markets to trade.
A place that is ruled or controlled by a far away country.
A person who lives in a colony
A trip or journey for money
Virginia Company of London
Business that paid for the trip to Jamestown
The first permanent English settlement in America
The year was Jamestown founded
Places names after King James the I of England
Jamestown, James Fort, and the James River
King James the I of England
Granted the charter to the Virginia Company of London
What did the charter do for the Virginia Company of London?
It gave them the right to establish a settlement in North America. It also extended English rights to the settlers.
A written paper that gives people rights or permission to do something
Why did the settlers pick the site of Jamestown as the location for their settlement?
The settlers believed the location could easily be defended from Spanish attack by sea. The water along the shore was deep enough for ships to dock. The settlers believed the site had a good supply of ﬂesh water.
Something that gives a person a challenge or a difﬁculty
Hardships that the settlers of Jamestown had to face
The site they chose was marshy and lacked safe drinking water. The settlers lacked farming and hunting skills. Many settlers died of starvation and disease.
What caused the majority of problems for the settles in Jamestown?
Lack of survival skills
What changes helped the settlers survive at Jamestown?
The leadership of Captain John Smith and the arrival of supply ships. The emphasis on self-sustaining agriculture and Smith's forced work program.
Why was Captain John Smith a good leader?
Captain John Smith got the people to work through his forced work program. He said that person has to work in order to eat. He also put an emphasis on self-sustaining agriculture.
First person to trade with the native peoples of Virginia
Captain John Smith
What was traded?
The native peoples traded food with the English in exchange for tools and pots. They also traded jewelry for copper.
How did the native people help the settlers of Jamestown survive?
Chief Powhatan provided leadership to his people and taught the settlers survival skills. Pocahontas served as a contact between the native peoples and the English. The native people showed the settlers how to plant corn and tobacco.
The leader of the Powhatan Indians. The Powhatan were the first native people to meet the settlers of Jamestown.
Powhatan Indian. Daughter or Chief Powatan. She served as a contact between the native peoples and the English. She saved Captain John Smith's life because he was about to killed by the Powhatan Indians. She married John Rolfe.
How did the Powhatan's view of the English white settlers change with time?
They later started to view the settlers as invaders.
The ﬁrst Jamestown settler to plant tobacco and send it to England
How did the people of England feel about tobacco?
The people of England liked tobacco very much. They did not know that it was unhealthy for them. Tobacco was very popular in England.
Why was the growth of the tobacco economy in Jamestown important?
Tobacco was a cash crop. It was grown to be sold for money. The Virginia Company of London wanted the colony of Jamestown to make money. Tobacco was the ﬁrst thing that made money in colony of Jamestown. More people would come to Jamestown to start their own tobacco farms.
People who harvested the tobacco plants on the tobacco farms
The year African slaves arrived in Jamestown
The country whose people captured men, women, and children in Africa
The present day country were the Africans were captured
The arrival of Africans allowed what to expand?
The tobacco economy
Who arrived in Jamestown in 1620?
More or additional Women
Why was it important for women to come Jamestown?
It made it possible for more settlers to establish families. This allowed Jamestown to become a more permanent settlement.
Virginia's first government. It helped to make the laws for the colony. It is still a part of the Virginia state government today
W ho called the first meeting of the General Assembly in 1619?
The royal governor of colonial Virginia.
The name of the representatives that served in the General Assembly
How did the Burgesses get on the General Assembly?
They were elected through voting
Three parts of the General Assembly
The Royal Governor, The Governor's council, and the Burgesses
The law making part of government
A group of people that makes laws, carries out laws, and decides from laws have been broken
Which current part of the Virginia state government dates back to the Virginia General Assembly?
The General Assembly
Why is the Virginia General Assembly important?
It was the ﬁrst elected legislative body in English America giving settlers the opportunity to control their own government. (King James would take away this opportunity though.)
What was formed in the 1640's?
The House of Burgesses. They were formed from the Burgesses of the General Assembly.
What did the House of Burgesses do?
They became their own part of the General Assembly's legislative body.
The type of land Jamestown was located on in 1607
The type of land Jamestown is located on today