129 terms

Abeka 10th Grade World History Unit 5 (Chapters 17-23) Review

This a review for the third-quarter nine-week exam over Abeka World History and Cultures Unit 5 (Chapters 17-23).
Louis XIV
the "Sun King" who said "L'etat cest moi" (I am the state.")
term meaning "men who sit at desks"
Samuel de Champlain
the "Father of New France"
Palace of Versailles
palace built by Louis XIV for nobility
the first permanent French colony in America
Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet
men who explored the central Mississippi River
War of the Spanish Succession
the most costly war of Louis XIV's reign
Treaty of Utrecht
treaty that ended the War of the Spanish Succession
Age of Enlightenment
time when men attempted to apply unaided human philosophy to all areas of man's life in order to establish a new social order
the "Father of the Enlightenment" who advocated rationalism
the belief that man's reason is the sole criterion for truth
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
French Enlightenment philosopher known as the "Father of French Romanticism"
the belief that man's emotions and imagination are the basis of truth, and that "Man is naturally good, but society is bad."
Denis Diderot
editor of the "Encyclopedia"
Louis XIV
French king who said "Apres moi le deluge" ("After me the deluge"
made up the "First Estate"
made up the "Second Estate"
Tennis Court Oath
oath in which the National Assembly vowed to continue meeting until a national constitution had been written
July 14, 1789
date when the Bastille was stormed
Jacobin Club
radical French club who met in a monastery
conservative side of the Constituent Assembly
radical side of the Constituent Assembly
side of the Constituent Assembly without set principles
Maximilian Robespierre
prominent and influential member of the Jacobin Club and leader of the Committee of Public Safety
a device for chopping off human heads
belief that God is an impersonal being Who is revealed only in nature
Napoleon Bonaparte
powerful French leader born in Corsica who conquered much of Europe for the French
an election in which the people express their will
"Code Napoleon"
Napoleon's law codes
Battle of Trafalgar
naval battle in which the British navy destroyed a combined French and Spanish fleet
Lord Horatio Nelson
the greatest naval hero the world has ever known
Battle of Austerlitz
the greatest victory of Napoleon's career
Marie Louise
Napoleon's second wife
Czar Alexander I
Russian leader who withdrew his country from the Continental System
Battle of Leipzig
"Battle of Nations" in which the combined forces of Europe defeated Napoleon's new army
first island to which Napoleon was executed
city in Belgium where Napoleon met his final defeat
Duke of Wellington
British general who defeated Napoleon at Waterloo
St. Helena
final island to which Napoleon was executed
date at which Napoleon was defeated at Waterloo
James I
English king who believed in the "divine right of kings"
group of Separatists who fled to Holland and eventually America due to persecution under James I in England
date when the King James Version Bible was completed
the first permanent English settlement in the New World
date when Plymouth was established
date when Massachusetts was established
those who supported Parliament during the reign of Charles I
those who supported the king during the reign of Charles I
Oliver Cromwell
Puritan leader of the Roundheads
Rump Parliament
parliament that executed Charles I for treason
type of government under Oliver Cromwell
Treaty of Dover
treaty that obtained tolerance for English Catholics
Charles II
king who issued the Treaty of Dover and became a Catholic
Philipp Spener
Lutheran leader of the Pietists
Count Nicholas von Zinzendorf
leader of the Moravians
Moravian "headquarters"
George Whitefield
the best known Great Awakening evangelists
the belief that experience is the only source of knowledge
David Hume
promoted skepticism
the idea that to know truth is impossible
Charles Wesley
invented the Methodists
Robert Raikes
"Father of the Sunday School Movement" who started the first Sunday school
John Howard
worked to improve prison conditions
William Carey
"Father of Modern Missions"
Edmund Burke
"Father of Modern Conservatism"
Sir William Blackstone
leader authority on English law during the eighteenth century
Samuel Johnson
greatest literary figure of the eighteenth century
Captain James Cook
discovered New Zealand, New Guinea, Australia, and the Hawaiian Islands
George I
began the Hanoverian line of kings
Robert Walpole
the first true prime minister of Britain
George III
king who colonized Georgia, the thirteenth English colony
revolutionary nationalism
a desire to break loose from established government and rule one's self
political disorder and violence; lack of government
Immanuel Kant
advocated idealism
basing one's action upon what one wishes were true rather than on reality
G.W.F. Hegel
introduced dialectic thinking
dialectic thinking
the idea that one fact or idea works against a contradictory fact or idea to create a "new fact"
Friedrich Schleiermacher
the "Father of Theological Liberalism"
religious liberals
"higher criticism"
the idea of questioning the Bible and its authority
Czar Alexander I, Lord Castlereagh, Comte de Talleyrand, and Prince von Metternich
the key diplomats at the Congress of Vienna
Prince von Metternich
the "Prince of Diplomats"
Austria, Prussia, Russia, and Great Britain
the countries in the "Quadruple Alliance"
Austria, Prussia, Great Britain, Great Britain, and France
the countries in the "Quintuple Alliance"
Spaniards born in the colonies
Latin Americans of mixed Spanish and Indian ancestry
Jose de San Martin and Bernardo O'Higgins
won Chilean independence
Simon Bolivar
"The Liberator"
Treaty of Adrianople
treaty recognizing Greek independence
Giuseppe Mazzini
organized "Young Italy"
Giuseppe Garibaldi
member of "Young Italy" who organized the "Red Shirts"
Victor Emmanuel II
first king of a united Italy
Otto von Bismark
chancellor of Prussia
won the Franco-Prussian war
France and Russia
countries in the Dual Alliance
France and Great Britain
countries in the Entente Cordial
Britain, France, and Russia
countries in the Triple Alliance
Louis Blanc
advocated democratic socialism
Ernest Rutherford
the "Father of Nuclear Science"
Max Planck
proposed the quantum theory
Albert Einstein
German who proposed the theory of relativity
Henry Ford
invented the Model-T and the assembly line
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
invented the dirigible
Orville and Wilbur Wright
made the first successful airplane flight
first commercial broadcasting station
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
assassinated Austrian heir
July 28, 1914
date when World War I began
fortress-city defended by the French
nickname for British soldiers
T.E. Lawrence
led the Arabs against the Turks
Battle of Jutland
most important naval battle of World War I
Manfred von Richthofen
"Red Baron"
Eddie Rickenbacker
American ace
Zimmerman note
note proposing an alliance between Mexico and Germany at the expense of the U.S.
year when Congress declared war on Germany
John J. Pershing
commander of the American Expeditionary Force
nickname for American soldiers
November 11,1918
date when World War I ended
Gross National Product
total output of goods and services
free enterprise system
Thomas Alva Edison
the greatest inventor in history
John Dalton
proposed the atomic theory
George Washington
first President of the U.S.
Jethro Tull
invented the seed drill
Cyrus McCormick
invented the reaper
Robert Fulton
invented the first practical steamship
Cyrus Field
laid the first transatlantic telegraph cable
Samuel Morse
perfected the electric telegraph
Alexander Graham Bell
invented the telephone