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Aids and Abets
Actively assisting, supporting, promoting, encouraging, or instigating in the commission of a crime by act or advice.
A mental state or frame of mind that the person knowingly did the particular criminal act.
A inconsiderate act that is aggravated or reckless, and constitutes indifference to the consequences
Ex Post Facto Laws
Laws written after the fact to punish an action that has already taken place and was not illegal at the time of commission
The most serious crime, punishable by a fine and/or imprisonment in a state prison, removal from office, or death
The power held by the judicial branch that permits it to review actions of the legislative and executive branches of government and declare void acts it finds are in violation of the Constitution
A crime of lesser gravity than a felony, punishable by a fine and/or imprisonment in a county jail
Specific Intent Crimes
An element of a crime that must be proven and cannot be presumed; the requirement of the specific intent element varies according to the crime
Spirit of The Law
Interpreting the law in accordance with the intent of the legislative body rather than the literal meaning of the words of the statue
When an unlawful act affects a person rather than the person it was intended to affect
If the matter is only civil, peace officers lack the ______ to force a resolution to the dispute.
Penal Code Section ______ states that "in every crime or public offense, there must exist a union, or joint operation of act and intent, or criminal negligence."
Penal Code Section ______ identifies those individuals who are presumed not capable of forming the designated state of mind and committing a crime.
Those presumed not capable of forming the designated state of mind are ______ incapacitated.
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