How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

168 terms

Abeka 10th Grade Biology Review Chapters 13-18

This set is designed to help the student prepare for the Abeka 10th Grade Biology : God's Living Creation nine-week exam over Chapters 13-18.
STUDY
PLAY
animals
living organisms that move from place to place primarily to obtain food
motile
capable of motion
sessile
attached to one location
bilateral symmetry
symmetry in which the two halves of an organism are virtually identical
asymmetrical
without symmetry
vertebrates
animals with a backbone
gizzard
muscular organ in birds that grinds food
invertebrates
animals without a backbone
endoskeleton
internal skeleton
tetrapods
animals with four appendages
mammary glands
cells that produce milk
homeothermic
term for "maintaining the same temperature"
blastula
a hollow sphere of cells
placenta
connects the embryo to the uterus
amniotic fluid
fluid that surrounds and protects the embryo
fetus
stage in development when the embryo can be recognized as a young individual
gestation period
period of growth from fertilization to birth
umbilical cord
connects the fetus to the placenta
viviparous mammals
mammals that bear their young alive
oviparous mammals
mammals that lay eggs
elephants
the largest living land animals
tusks
enlarged incisor teeth (such as in elephants)
mammals
animals that are warm-blooded; have hair, mammary glands, and a four-chambered heart; and breathe by means of lungs
echidna and duck-billed platypus
the only oviparous mammals
ai (three-toed sloth)
the slowest land mammal
diurnal
active during the day
nocturnal
active at night
marsupials
pouched mammals
marsupium
abdominal pouch
kangaroo
the largest living marsupial
insectivorous
means "insect-eating"
insectivores
shrews, moles, and hedgehogs
pygmy shrew
the smallest mammal
bat
longest-hibernating mammal
blue whale
the largest animal
spermaceti
waxy substance found on sperm whales' heads
ambergris
waxy substance found in a sperm whale's intestines
apes
primates without tails
hoofs
enlarged and thickened toenails
extinct
means "no longer found alive on the earth"
ornithologists
zoologists who study birds
bipedal
two-footed
game birds
birds that are hunted
flightless birds
birds that cannot fly
tropical birds
birds living in tropical forests
flight feathers
contour feathers that help a bird to fly
down feathers
soft, fluffy feathers that insulate the bird's body
materialism
the false idea that the universe consists of nothing but matter and energy
contour feathers
strong feathers on the bird's body, wings, and tail
nictitating membrane
transparent membrane over a bird's eye
cloaca
area in birds that prepares waste for elimination
bursa of Fabricius
area in birds that produces lymphocytes
syrinx
a bird's voice box
incubation
keeping birds' eggs warm
poikilotherms
animals with varied temperatures
lizards
elongated, four-footed reptiles with tapered tails
ovoviparous reptiles
reptiles that "bring forth alive from eggs"
lateral undulation
method of moving in which a snake keeps its body flat on the ground and bends it
rectilinear movement
method of movement in which a snake alternately stretches and shortens segments of its body
side-winding movement
method of movement in which a snake moves its body sideways
instinct
unlearned knowledge possessed from birth
black mamba
the fastest known snake
ecology
the study of how living things interact with each other and their environment
biotic factors
living things in a habitat
abiotic factors
non-living things in a habitat
biosphere
area of Earth's surface in which life exists
ecosystem
an interrelated network of all organisms and their environment within a limited area
terrestrial and aquatic
two categories of ecosystems
community
all the living things in an ecosystem
carrying capacity
the ability of an ecosystem to support its biodiversity
population
a group of organisms of the same species living in the same ecosystem
organisms
individual living things
biodiversity
the number and variety of species living within an ecosystem
herbivores
plant-eaters
carnivores
meat (animal)-eaters
omnivores
plant and animal-eaters
producers
make their own food
consumers
cannot make their own food and obtain energy from other sources
niche
the function or "occupation" of a living thing
trophic level
describes a feeding relationship between organisms
food chain
shows nutritional relationships among organisms in an ecosystem
primary consumers
eat plants
secondary consumers
eat herbivores
energy, biomass, and number
three types of ecosystem pyramids
symbiosis
"living together"
mutualism
relationship in which both organisms benefit
parasitism
relationship in which one organism is helped and the other is harmed
commensalism
relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is neither harmed nor helped
predation
relationship in which one organism kills the other
hydrologic cycle
evaporation, condensation, and precipitation
Charles Lyell
founder of uniformitarianism
uniformitarianism
belief that the present is the only key to the past
natural selection
"survival of the fittest"
Aristotle
Greek philosopher who developed the doctrine of intellect
speciation
changes within a particular kind of organism
macroevolution
process by which new creatures supposedly emerge from existing ones over time
paleontology
the study of fossils
transitional forms
"missing links"
punctuated equilibrium
the belief that evolution occurred in sudden spurts
geologic column
imaginary arrangement of fossils in time order
radiometric dating
technique of dating fossils
embryonic recapitulation
false theory that a human embryo goes through stages of development resembling man's "evolution"
mutations
random errors in an organism's genetic code
peppered moth
insect used as "proof" for evolution
Gaia hypothesis
false hypothesis that the earth and all organisms that inhabit it make up one living thing
spontaneous generation
the false idea that living things can arise from non-living things
coelacanth
once thought by evolutionists to be a "missing link" between fish and amphibians
Archaeopteryx
extinct bird sometimes wrongly cited as a "missing link" between reptiles and birds
Andreas Vesalius
the "Father of Anatomy"
physiology
study of the function of body structures
doctrine of intellect
belief that speculation is the highest form of reality
John Wilkins
founded the Royal Society of London
Plato
Greek philosopher who put together the doctrine of ideas
capybara
the largest rodent
apes
primates without tails
rodents
small, gnawing mammals with two sharp teeth
flying lemur
the longest-gliding mammal
California condor
the largest living land bird of North America
peregrine
the fastest of any living creature
contour feathers
feathers that provide a bird's streamlined shape
rachis
quill of a feather
cerebrum
the seat of a bird's intelligence
cerebellum
responsible for the bird's muscle coordination
cold-blooded animals
animals that regulate their temperatures by external factors
quadrate bone
bone that attaches a snake's skull to its lower jaw
Jacobson's organ
two tiny odor-sensitive cavities in a snake's mouth
herpetologists
zoologists who study reptiles and amphibians
pythons, anacondas, and boas
the three largest snakes
fangs
hollow or grooved venom-injecting teeth
elapids
poisonous snakes with immovable fangs in their upper jaws
king cobra
the largest venomous snake
neurotoxin
nerve poison
hemotoxin
blood poison
turtle
a reptile with a shell and toothless jaws
carapace
a turtle's upper shell
plastron
a trurtle's lower shell
estivation
a state of summer dormancy or limited activity
marine turtles
the largest living turtles
tortoise
land turtle
crocodilians
the largest living reptiles
tuatara
spiny-crested reptile
parietal eye
"third eye" on the head of a tuatara to sense radiation
dinosaurs
a large group of extinct reptile-like creatures
amphibians
cold-blooded vertebrates that live both on land and in water
three-chambered heart
type of heart a vertebrate possesses
frogs
leaping, tailless amphibians with smooth skin
toads
leaping, tailless amphibians with rough, warty skin
chromatophores
branched pigment cells that control skin coloration of amphibians, reptiles, and fish
amplexus
process by which most frogs are fertilized
mesentery
special membrane that holds a frog's pancreas in place
spermatophore
gelatinous structure deposit by a salamander containing a sperm
Japanese giant salamander
the largest living amphibian
efts
terrestrial salamanders
newts
aquatic salamanders
caecilians
burrowing, worm-like amphibians
ruminants
animals that "chew the cud"
Alaskan brown bear
the largest land-dwelling carnivore
antlers
solid, horn-like bone structures shed annually
horns
permanent hollow structures made from skin cells
Alaskan bull moose
the largest deer
fermentation
the process by which microorganisms break down cellulose in the stomachs of artiodactyls
ungulates
hoofed animals
prehensile tail
tail designed for grasping objects
food web
model used by ecologists to show all possible feeding relationships at each trophic level
ecological succession
the replacement of early pioneer species with later species
hypothesis
a tentative solution to a scientific problem
law of biogenesis
law that living things can only come from other living things
Charles Darwin
popularized evolution