Med-Terms Muscular System
Terms in this set (50)
The combining form "dors/o" means "forward."
When you see the suffix "-graphy" you know it is a:
The combining form "extens/o" means what?
A tendotomy is performed to relieve a contracture, such as a tightened Achilles tendon.
The combining form "electr/o" means "straightening."
This term means a tumor of muscle tissue.
The prefix that means "slow" is:
Flexion is the process of:
bending a joint in a way that decreases the angle between two bones or body parts
The prefix "ad-" means "away from."
A strain is an injury of the:
The combining form in the term "hyperkinesia" means:
This is an autoimmune disorder that involves the action of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine:
Plantar flexion is:
a movement of the ankle that increases the distance between the toes and the shin
Muscular dystrophy is a group of genetic diseases that cause progressive, symmetrical wasting of skeletal muscles.
The movement of a body part around its central axis is called:
A sprain is caused by overstretching a muscle.
The common term "wryneck" is a condition in which the head is tilted sideways by a contraction of the neck muscles. What is the medical term for this condition?
Moving the palm posteriorly, or down, is known as:
The prefix "dys-" indicates a condition that is bad, difficult, painful, or abnormal.
This term is constructed from the word parts that mean "inflammation" and "muscle":
The term "atrophy" means:
a wasting away of muscle tissue
This is a condition of pathologically slow muscular movement often seen in Parkinson's disease.
The combining form "pronat/o" means:
lying face down
What is hyperkinesia?
an excessive amount of uncontrolled muscle movement
The prefix "ab-" means "toward."
Myorrhaphy is what?
suturing of a muscle
An involuntary contraction of the muscles that is usually sudden and painful is:
The combining form that is used to mean "bending" is "fasci/o."
What is the suffix that means "to cut, incision"?
Flexion, extension, and supination all contain a suffix that means "process of."
Which of the following is a constructed term that means "circular movement at the distal end of a limb"?
The meaning of the suffix "-rrhaphy" is what?
This diagnostic procedure records the electrical signals within a muscle:
The symptoms of this condition are chronic pain, fatigue, and tremendous sensitivity to pain, specifically around the neck, back and hips:
Abduction is movement that conveys a limb away from the center of the body.
turning the palm of the hand anteriorly, or up
An inflammation of the tough connective tissue that connects muscle to bone is:
What is the condition in which the limb becomes progressively flexed and immobile?
The combining form that means "fibrous muscle cover" is:
movement that brings a limb closer to the center of the body
Inflammation of the soft connective tissue that surrounds the muscles is the condition of:
The combining form "supinat/o" means "lying on the back."
This is the suffix that means "process of development." (Be sure to add a hyphen before the suffix.)
What suffix means "pain"?
What is the combining form that means "muscle"?
What is the movement of the ankle that moves the toes closer to the shin?
What is the combining form that means "rotate"?
An increase in the size of muscle cells is known as:
Extension is the process of:
moving a joint in a way that increases the angle between two bones or body parts
Someone with myasthenia gravis has exceptionally strong muscles.