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World History Chapter 6 Section 1-3
Terms in this set (52)
What happened in 753 BC?
The city of Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus
What happened in 600 BC?
A Etruscan became the king of Rome, in which Rome grew
What happened in 509 BC?
Tarquin the Proud got taken away from power of being King and Rome established a Republic
What happened in 451 BC?
twelve tables was created which is the basis of Roman law, which also states that all free citizens had a right to the protection of the law
What happened in 264 BC?
The Punic Wars began between Rome and Carthage
What happened in 218 BC?
The Second Punic War began, which was led by Hannibal, who was 29 years old, a military strategist who wanted to avenge Carthage's earlier defeat
What happened on 202 BC?
During the Second Punic War, the Romans defeated Hannibal
What happened on 149 BC?
The Third Punic War started.
What happened in 146 BC?
The city of Carthage was set to afire and its inhabitants were sold into slavery and became a Roman province
How did geography affect the development of Rome?
They were built on hilltops and located in the center, which led to their expansion and was able to communicate easily to others
How did the Eutruscans influence the development of Rome?
They boasted the system of writing,Romans architecture and roman civilization
Which were the main groups that competed for power in the early Rome republic?
Patricians and Plebeains
What is the significance of the twelve tables in Roman Law?
They are Romans law, and stated the idea that all free citizens had a right to the protection of the law
What was causes of the first Punic War?
Carthage interfered with Romans access to the Mediterranean and Carthage's rise to power put them in direct opposition with Rome, in which they went to war . They wanted control
What tactic did Scipio use to defeat Hannibal ?
He forced Hannibal to to return to defend his native city, in which he then attacked him;He gets his instruments and he blows them and frightens the elephants which scares them in o the opposite direction they want
What was the significance of the Punic Wars for Rome?
Rome's victories led to the dominance of the western Mediterranean and conquering the eastern half; Give Rome dominance, spread the Roman Empire
When and who was Rome founded?
the city of Rome was founded in 753 b.c. by Romulus and Remus, twin sons of the god Mars and a Latin princess.
What was Romes Geophtaphy?
"Rome was built on seven rolling hills at a curve on the Tiber River, near the center of the Italian peninsula. It was midway between the Alps and Italy's southern tip. Rome also was near the midpoint of the Mediterranean Sea.
"The Etruscans were native to northern Italy. They were skilled metalworkers and engineers. The Etruscans strongly influenced the development of Roman civilization. They boasted a system of writing, for example, and the Romans adopted their alphabet. They also influenced Rome's architecture, especially the use of the arch.
is a form of government in which power rests with citizens who have the right to vote for their leaders. In Rome, citizenship with voting rights was granted only to free-born male citizens; no say in gov.
the wealthy landowners who held most of the power; The patricians inherited their power and social status. They claimed that their ancestry gave them the authority to make laws for Rome.; rich landowners and had more of a say
the common farmers, artisans, and merchants who made up the majority of the population; "The plebeians were citizens of Rome with the right to vote; majority of pop.
Rome's leaders allowed the plebeians to form their own assembly and elect representatives;protected the rights of the plebeians from unfair acts of patrician officials.
In the Roman Republic one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct the government
In ancient Rome the top governing body originally made up by only aristocrats
In ancient Rome or political leader given absolute power to make laws and to command the army for a limited time
The military unit of ancient Roman army made up of about 5000 foot soldiers and group of soldiers on horseback
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264 thorough-149 BC); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome dominance over the Western Mediterranean
Carthage's general, the mastermind behind the war; a brilliant military strategist who wanted to avenge cartridges earlier this week
A conflict between two political groups with the same country
Leader, join forces with Crassus ; Was elected council and dominate Rome
In ancient Rome a group of three leaders sharing control of the government
"exalted one", "supreme military commander"
A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman empire lasting from about 27 BC to AD 180
a jew, taught the importance of God
One of the followers of Jesus who preached and spread his teachings
An apostle, had an enormous influence on Christianity's development
the dispersal of the Jew from their homeland in Judea - Especially during the period of more than 1800 years that followed Romans destruction of the temple in Jerusalem in A.D. 70
fought for the leadership of Rome, Declared Christianity one of the religions approved by the Empire
A high ranking Christian official who supervises a number of local churches
An apostle traveled to Rome from Jerusalem and became the first bishop there
The Bishop of Rome the head of the Roman Catholic church
A decline in the value of money accompanied by the rise in the price of goods and services
A soldier who was paid to fight in foreign army
Strong -willed army leader, became new Emperor
City of Constantin
A powerful chieftain, terrorized both halves of the Empire
Roman culture- An ancient culture that developed from a blending of Greek, Hellenistic, Rome cultures
Hey Roman town with the best Roman paintings are
A poet who spent 10 years writing the most famous work of Latin literature the Aneid, the epic of the legendary Aenans
Roman historian, noble among ancient historians because we presented the facts accurately
A pipeline or channel built to carry water to populated areas
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