APUSH Chapter 29

Alan Brinkley Chapter 29 Unfinished Nation
Douglas MacArthur
United States general who served as chief of staff and commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II
Chester Nimitz
United States admiral of the Pacific fleet during World War II who used aircraft carriers to destroy the Japanese navy (1885-1966)
Battle of the Coral Sea
Allies first important victory, just northwest of Australia. (1942) Forces turned the seemingly unstoppable Japanese navy.
Battle of Midway
Important turning point. Despite terrible losses, the US navy regained control of the central pacific.
one of the Solomon Islands in southwest Pacific, Japanese building airstrip, August 1942 battle, Allies won
George C. Marshall
Army Chief of Staff, Supported a plan for a major ally invasion in France across the English channel.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Was placed in charge of the France operation by Marshall, previously not well known.
Erwin Rommel
The Nazi General that was attacked in North Africa; Suez canal.
El Alamein
Where the British fought to force the Nazis to retreat from Egypt.
Kasserine Pass
Germans threw their full forces at the Americans here (A Night In ----)
George S. Patton
The General that regrouped and formed a counteroffensive at Kasserine Pass.
Bernard Montgomery
Hero of El Alamein, helpe Patton overthrow the German's from Africa in May of 1943.
Battle of Stalingrad
The winter of 1942-43, the Russians held off a German evasion. Hitler could not continue his offensive because he suffered such great losses here.
Where the British and American armies in Italy to take it over. It fell.
Pietro Badoglio
This leader succeeded Mussolini and committed Italy to the Allies.
The Holocaust
The mass murder of 6 million Jews and others in Nazi concentration camps.
maintenance to membership
Workers going into the unionized defense plants would be Unionized.
"no-strike" pledge
Companies agreed not to stop production war-time.
Smith-Connally Act
Unions must wait 30 days before striking and the president could seize a struck plant in this act.
Office of Price Administration (OPA)
Government agency which successful combatted inflation by fixing price ceilings on commodities and introducing rationing programs during World War II.
Leon Henderson
First leader of the Office of Price Admin.
Chester Bowles
Second leader of the Office of price admin.
Revenue Act of 1942
Raised corporation taxes and required nearly all Americans to pay income taxes.
War Production Board (WPB)
Government agency that decided which companies would make war materials and how to distribute raw materials
Donald Nelson
Former sears executive, no in charge of the War Production Board.
Office of War Mobilization (OWM)
FDR gradually move the War Production Board to the white house and it became this.
National Defense Research Committee
Committee made before the war by FDR that organized scientists for a weapons race against the Axis.
Vannevar Bush
Head of the Nation Defense Research Committee, MIT Scientist.
"centrimetric radar"
Narrow beams more effective than the previous version of this. Easily miniaturized, effective.
British Lancaster B1
Capable of flying a bomb-load of 6,000 lbs for 1,300 miles and reaching 37,000 feet. British.
American Boeing B17F
Capable of flying a bomb-load of 6,000 lbs for 1,300 miles and reaching 37,000 feet. American
Ultra Project
A top secret British Intelligence project.
Enigma Machine
A German machine that constantly changes the messages and coding it use.
The "Bombe"
A polish electromagnetic computer used to decipher some enigma messages.
Alan Turing
Improved the Bombe, which was too slow oftentimes.
Colossus II
The largest of the computer capable of decipher the British messages faster then before.
American Magic
American counterpart to the Ultra Project (British)
A. Philip Randolph
President of the Brotherhood of the Sleeping Car Porter that began to insist that companies with Defense contracts begin integrating their work forces.
Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC)
Investigated discrimination in Wartime plants.
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
1942, Organized mass popular resistance like no one had ever done before.
Bayard Rustin
Helped organized the Sit in and strikes of movie theatres and restaurants.
James Farmer
Helped organized the Sit in and strikes of movie theatres and restaurants.
Fort Dix riots
Blacks broke out in Riot due the mistreatment at the hands of the Whites.
Navajo "Code-Talkers"
Used in the war to speak in their languages which no one else would be able to understand.
Braceros Program
Employment from Mexico that would be admitted for a short time; laborers.
"Zoot-Suit Riots"
A series of riots in L.A. California during WW2, soldiers stationed in the city and Mexican youths because of the zoot suits they wore.
First generation Japanese immigrants to North America. Noun. The Issei were unable to attain citizenship.
American-born children of Japanese immigrants; second generation Japanese Americans.
Japanese Internment
The trapping of Japanese in Relocation Centers by the U.S
"Relocation Centers"
The place where Japanese were placed in Internment.
"Rosie the Riveter"
Symbol of American women who went to work in factories during the war
Women enlisted in Army.
Women enlisted in Navy.
"Latchkey Children"
Children whose mother worked and Fathers were at the war, often locked in Cars or housed for hours at a time.
Music of WWII
Benny Goodman
One of the few White Band leader. Clarinetist.
Duke Ellington
African American Bandleader. Piano.
Tommy Dorsey
Bandleader;white; brass
Glen Miller
Bandleader played trombone.
Teddy Wilson
First black pianist to play in an all white band.
United Servicemen's Organization (USO)
Recruited women to help with the Soldiers.
Thomas E. Dewey
The Governor of New York (1943-1955) and the unsuccessful Republican candidate for the U.S. Presidency in 1944 and 1948
Harry S. Truman
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
Truman Committee
went after military scandals and ended up saving 50 million in tax payer money-the buck stops here
Dresden firestorm
A city the U.S. went on a bomb raid of destroying 3/4 of the city and killing 135,000 ppl.
The raid on the Beaches of Normandy. June 6, 1944
The beaches that were attacked. The Germans did expect the raid to come here.
Battle of Saint-Lô
Battle in July where Omar Bradley smashed through German lines. Patton went through the hole Bradley created and attaced the heart of France.
Omar Bradley
The General that smashes through the German lin
George Patton
Army led by this man spearheaded by heavy tank attacks and then moved through the hole Bradley had created and began a drive into the heart of France during invasion of france.
Ardennes Forest
Area where battle of the bulge took place. Where germans were struck in desperation along 50 miles.
Battle of the Bulge
Last major battle on the western front. Germans drove 55 miles before they were finally stopped at Bastogne. Named after the large bulge that appeared in the American lines as the germans pressed forward.
Marshall Islands
in February 1944 american naval forces under Admiral Chester Nimitz won a series of victiories here and cracked the outer perimeter of the Japanese bastions. Where after a month U.S. destroyed other vital Japanese bastions. Submarines in the area were decimating Japanese shipping and crippling Japan's domestic economy.
Marianas Islands
In the mid-June 1944 American armada struck this heavily fortified area.
Battle of Leyte Gulf
Largest naval engagment in history. American forces held off thr Japanese onslaught and snak four japanease carriers, all but destroying Japan's capacity to continue a serious naval war.
Battle of Okinawa
A battle that took place 370 miles from japan. Thousands of kamikaze planes destroying 3,500 of british and American boats. Japanese troops on shore launche dnighttime attacks on the American lines. U.S. and allies lost 50,000 before capturaing this area. Over 100000 japenase lost
Tokyo Firebombing
.When American bombers traveled to Japan and bomb Tokyo in march with little resistance it killed over 80,000 people.
Albert Einstein
Used ideas from this atomic physicist to help make the brand ne wweapon of war. His ideas gave a better understanding of mass and energy.
When the atomic nuclei in radioactive matter are split
Enrico Fermi
Italian scientist Discvoered Radioactivity in the 1930's
Niels Bohr
Danish physicist sent news of German experimnents in radioactivity to the U.S.where new experiments began in many places.
Leslie Groves
Hired by army toreorganize the Manhattan project
Manhattan Project
Project made by Engineer District Office of the Army Corps of Engineers that reaserched fission and tried to make the next great weapon of war.
J. Robert Oppenheimer
Man who directed scientists of Los Alamos who were in charge of the construction of the actual atomic bomb.
Alamogordo, New Mexico
Area where scientist gathered to see the first atomic explosion. (BOOOOOOOOOOOOOM)
Enola Gay
The american plan that dropped an atomic weapon on the Japanese industrial center at Hiroshima.
With the atomic bomb droppe dby Enola Gay it completly incinerated a four square mile area at the center of the previously undamaged city. More then 80,000 civilians died. Two days after Soviet Union declared war on japan.
A second atomic weapon was dropped here, killing 100,000 deaths and did horrible damage on the city.
The Missouri
Boat where Japanese officials signed the articles of surrender. took place in tokyo bay