Vocabulary Exam Literature
Terms in this set (39)
adj. Sparing in eating and drinking; temperate; abstinent
Latin: ab-, abs- = away from + tementum = drunk
v. To be adjacent; touch or join at the edge or border
Old French abutter = "to touch at one end."
n. A small steep-sided gulch with a nearly flat floor, found in desert areas: usually dry except after heavy rains
An Americanism adopted from the Spanish term, which is derived from the Latin arrugia, which means "mine shaft."
n. One who is self-taught
Greek: autodidaktos = "self-taught," from auto = "self" + didaktos = "taught."
n. A person's specific area of knowledge, authority, interest, skill or work;
Middle English baillifwik , from baillif , from Latin bajulus = porter, carrier + wik = "town," from Old English wic , from Latin vicus = village.
n. An encampment for the night, usually under little or no shelter.
French bivouac, from German Beiwache = a watching or guarding, from bei = near + wachen = watch
adj. Crudely, presumptuously, or loudly self-assertive.
Unknown; perhaps a combination of bump and presumptuous.
v. To treat as a pet, to pamper.
English, cosset = a pet lamb
adj. Concealed; undercover; secret. n. A hidden place; shelter.
(OF: covrir = cover).
v. To mark with patches of a color or shade; to spot. adj. Marked with contrasting patches or spots; dappled.
Old Norse: depill = a spot
v. To force upon or impose fraudulently or unjustifiably.
Dutch: vuist = "fist" (referring to the concealing of dice in one's hand).
n. High seriousness (as in a person's bearing or in the treatment of a subject).
Latin: gravitas = heaviness, seriousness.
adj. Gray or white with age. Tedious from familiarity; stale.
Old English: har = gray, old and gray-haired.
adj Prone to anger; easily provoked to anger; hot-tempered.
Latin: irascibilis = prone to anger
n. (plural interregnums \-nuhmz\ or interregna \-nuh\) The interval between two reigns; any period when a state is left without a ruler.
Latin inter = between + regnum = dominion, reign
n. Destiny; fate.
From Turkish, through the Arabic qismah = portion or lot
(also largesse) n Generous giving (as of gifts or money):
French, largesse = largeness, generosity
n. Feeling of weariness; languor.
(L: lassus = faint, weary)
v. To feign or exaggerate illness in order to avoid duty or work.
French malingre = sickly
n. Any misnaming of a person or thing; also, a wrong or inapplicable name or designation. The misnaming of a person in a legal instrument, as in a complaint or indictment.
Medieval French: mesnommer = "to misname," from mes- = "wrongly" + nommer = "to name."
adj. Very wicked; evil.
(L: ne = ot + fas = lawful)
v. trans. To cause to be at a loss as to what to think, say, or do; to confound; to perplex; to bewilder.
Latin: non plus = "no more." (To be nonplussed is to be in a state where "no more can be said.")
adj. Threatening; sinister; having the character of an evil omen.
(L: omen = omen)
adj. Sharply painful to the feelings, piercing; sharp, biting, pointed.
(L: pungere = to prick)
adj. Supernatural; out of the ordinary; beyond the natural.
(L: praeter = beyond + natura = nature)
adj. Lacking in courage and resolution; contemptibly fearful; cowardly.
Latin pusillus = small, tiny + animus = soul, mind
adj. Red, ruddy, inclining to redness; usually describing someone's complexion.
Latin, rubicundus = red, ruddy
n. Any extended period of leave from one's customary work, especially for rest, to acquire new skills or training, etc.
Originates in reference to the Judeo-Christian Sabbath, or seventh day in which God rested during the creation.
v. To satisfy (as a need or desire) fully or to excess.
(L: satis = sufficient)
adj. Grossly or obscenely abusive. Characterized by or using low buffoonery.
From Etruscan into Latin: scurrilis = a fashionable idler; a buffoon
n. A hot, dry, dust laden wind blowing from northern Africa and affecting parts of southern Europe.
Italian scirocco, from the Arabic sharq = "east."
int. v. To stay as a temporary resident; to dwell for a time. noun: A temporary stay.
Latin: sub-, "under, a little over" + Late Latin diurnus, "lasting for a day" (i.e., lasting for a little under a day).
adj. Having a smooth, greasy feel; insincerely or excessively suave or ingratiating in manner or speech; marked by a false or smug earnestness or agreeableness.
Latin: unctus = anointed, besmeared, greasy.
n. A color modified by an underlying color. A low or subdued tone of speaking.
First used in a visual sense around 1800
n. An empty space; the state, fact, or quality of being vacuous
(L: vacuus = empty)
n. The appearance of truth; the quality of seeming to be true.
Latin: verus = true + similis = like
adj. Attractive in a sweet, engaging way; charming.
(OE: wynn = joy, fr. L: venus = love)
n. Child prodigy; a person who achieves great success at an early age.
German, wunder = wonder; kind = child
n. [Often capitalized] The spirit of the time; the general intellectual and moral state or temper characteristic of any period of time.
German: Zeit = "time" + Geist = "spirit," "ghost."