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100 terms

Barron's GRE Absolutely Essential

300 Essential GRE Words Pt. 1
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Aberrant
(adj.) markedly different from an accepted norm
Abeyance
(n.) temporary cessation or suspension
Abscond
(v.) depart secretly and hide
Abstemious
(adj.) sparing in consumption of especially food and drink
Admonish
(v.) To caution or advise against something; to scold mildly; to remind of a duty
Aesthetic
(adj.) pertaining to beauty
Aesthete
(n.) one who professes great sensitivity to the beauty of art and nature
Aggregate
(v.) gather in a mass, sum, or whole
adj. amounting to a whole; total
(n.) collective mass or sum
Alacrity
(n.) liveliness and eagerness; cheerful willingness; speed
Anomalous
(adj.) Abnormal, irregular, departing from the usual
(n.) = anomaly
Apprise
(v.) to inform
Approbation
(n.) official recognition or approval; praise
Appropriate
(v.) give or assign a share of money or time to a particular person or cause; confiscate
Artless
(adj.) simple and natural
Ex. not devious; "an ingenuous admission of responsibility"
Ascetic
(adj.) practicing great self-denial
n. one who practices self-denial
Assiduous
(adj.) marked by care and persistent effort; diligent; hard-working
Assuage
(v.) to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench
Attenuate
(v.) become weaker, in strength, value, or magnitude
Audacious
(adj.) bold, adventurous, recklessly daring
Austere
(adj.) of a stern or strict bearing or demeanor
Ex. forbidding in aspect; "an austere expression"; "a stern face"
Autonomous
(adj.) existing as an independent entity; self-governing
Aver
(v.) to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true
Belie
(v.) to contradict, to give a false impression
Beneficent
(adj.) doing or producing good
Boorish
(adj.) rude; insensitive
Burgeon
(v.) grow and flourish
Burnish
(v.) polish and make shiny
Buttress
(v.) make stronger or defensible; support
Capricious
(adj.) determined by chance or impulse or whim rather than by necessity or reason; fickle
Castigation
(n.) verbal punishment; a severe scolding
Causality
(n.) the relation between causes and effects
Chicanery
(n.) the use of tricks to deceive someone (usually to extract money from them)
Coagulate
(v.) cause to change from a liquid to a solid or thickened state
Coda
(n.) the closing section of a literary or musical composition
Commensurate
(adj.) corresponding in size or degree or extent; proportional
Compendium
(n.) a concise but comprehensive summary of a larger work
Complaisant
(adj.) showing a cheerful willingness to do favors for others
Conciliatory
(adj.) overcoming animosity or hostility
Confound
(v.) be confusing or perplexing to; baffle; perplex; mix up
Connoisseur
(n.) an expert able to appreciate a field
Contention
(n.) assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition
Contentious
(adj.) inclined or showing an inclination to dispute or disagree, even to engage in law suits; quarrelsome
Conundrum
(n.) riddle, puzzle or problem with no solution
Conventional
(adj.) following accepted customs and proprieties
Convoluted
(adj.) highly involved or intricate
Craven
(adj.) cowardly
Delineate
(v.) to portray, sketch, or describe in accurate and vivid detail; to represent pictorially
Denigrate
(v.) charge falsely or with malicious intent
Derivative
(n.) (linguistics) a word that is derived from another word
something derived; unoriginal
v. obtained from another source
Diffuse
(v.) to spread or scatter freely or widely
(adj.) wordy, long-winded, or unfocused; scattered or widely spread
Digression
(n.) straying from the main point
Discerning
(adj.) having or revealing keen insight and good judgment
Discordant
(adj.) not in agreement or harmony
Discredit
(v.) to throw doubt upon, cause to be distrusted; to damage in reputation
(n.) a loss or lack of belief, confidence, or reputation
Discrepancy
(n.) a difference between conflicting facts or claims or opinions
Discrete
(adj.) constituting a separate entity or part
Disingenuous
(adj.) not straightforward or candid
Disinterested
(adj.) unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective
Disjointed
(adj.) lacking orderly continuity
Dismiss
(v.) put away from consideration; reject
Disparage
(v.) express a negative opinion of
Disseminate
(v.) cause to become widely known
Ex. "spread information"; "circulate a rumor"; "broadcast the news"
Dissolution
(n.) the breaking up or dissolving of something into parts; disintegration
Distend
(v.) swell from or as if from internal pressure
Distill
(v.) extract the essential elements
Doctrinaire
(adj.) unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties
Ebullient
(adj.) overflowing with enthusiasm and excitement; boiling, bubbling
Effrontery
(n.) shameless boldness, impudence
Embellish
(v.) make more attractive by adding ornament, colour, etc.
Emulate
(v.) strive to equal or match, especially by imitating
Endemic
(adj.) native to or confined to a certain region
Enervate
(v.) weaken mentally or morally
Ephemeral
(adj.) enduring a very short time
Equanimity
(n.) steadiness of mind under stress; composure; calmness
Erudite
(adj.) having or showing profound knowledge; learned; scholarly
Exacerbate
(v.) make worse; aggrevate
Exculpate
(v.) pronounce not guilty of criminal charges
Exigency
(n.) a pressing or urgent situation; crisis
Extraneous
(adj.) coming from the outside; not essential
Facetious
(adj.) humorous, not meant seriously
Fallacious
(adj.) based on an incorrect or misleading notion or information
Fatuous
(adj.) stupid or foolish in a self-satisfied way
Felicitous
(adj.) appropriate, apt, well chosen; marked by well-being or good fortune, happy
Flag
(v.) become less intense
Fledgling
(adj.) young and inexperienced
(n.) beginner; novice
Flout
(v.) to mock, treat with contempt
Foment
(v.) stir up; instigate
Forestall
(v.) keep from happening or arising
Frugality
(n.) thrift
Gainsay
(v.) to deny, contradict, controvert; to dispute, oppose
Garrulous
(adj.) very talkative
Goad
(v.) to drive or urge on; (n.) something used to drive or urge on
Gouge
(v.) to tear out; scoop out; overcharge
Grandiloquent
(adj.) puffed up with vanity
Gregarious
(adj.) sociable
Guileless
(adj.) free of cunning or deceit; artless
Gullible
(adj.) easily tricked because of being too trusting
Harangue
(n.) a loud bombastic declamation expressed with strong emotion
Homogeneous
(adj.) all of the same or similar kind or nature
Hyperbole
(n.) extravagant exaggeration