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Politics of the United States
A New Nation Study Guide
Terms in this set (21)
True or false: The Articles were the first attempt at a national government in America
Describe three weaknesses of the articles or reason that they may have failed
A:congress had no authority to raise money by collecting taxes
B: congress had no control over foreign trade
C: congress could not force states to carry out its laws
Why was the constitutional convention called? What were the founding fathers going to try and do?
It was called to replace the Articles make an entirely new constitution.
List some things that came out of the Northeast Ordinance for each topic below:
Slavery: "There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in said territor"
New States: have to have 60,000 residents
Organizing the land: Divided into three territories
What has the final authority in america?
List the three branches of government, which article of the constitution describes it, and describe the main role of each:
Executive:Enforces the law
Legislative: makes the laws
Judicial: Interprets the laws
How long is presidential term? Senator's term? Representatives term? Supreme Court justices term?
Presidential Term: 4 years
Senator's Term: 6 years
Representatives Term: 2 years
Supreme Court Justice's term: life
What are checks and balances? Why were they incorporated into the Constitution?
A system in which each branch of the government limits the powers of each branch.
What is the purpose of the Electoral College?
It's a vote that counts the most. They elect the president
What is the Bill of Rights?
Is the collective name for the first ten amendments
Describe Geroge Washington's warning about political parties?
The parties will tear the country apart
List the first three presidents in order
Who were the first Secretary of State and the first secretary of the treasury?
How did Alex Hamiltion die?
He died in a dual. Aaron Burr killed him.
Describe the events of the war of 1812?
-several naval battles
-fighting in Ohio River Valley
-Burned White House and Capital
Who purchased the Louisiana Territory?
From what country was Louisiana Purchased?
Who explored the Louisiana Territory?
Louis and Clark
Why was Thomas Jefferson upset by the purchase of the Louisiana Territory?
He didn't find the North Way passage
Which Native American helped Lewis and Clark?
What are the three branches of government? Describe each branch's responsibilities?
Article 1 legislative branch which makes the law. Article 2 executive branch which enforces the law. Article 3 judicial branch which interprets the laws.
Recommended textbook explanations
United States Government: Principles in Practice
Luis Ricardo Fraga
Magruder's American Government
William A. McClenaghan
United States Government: Democracy In Action
Richard C. Remy
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