a tax on imports or exports
a storage place for weapons and ammunition
an extreme shortage of food
people who move into a country to live
a person who leaves a country or region to live elsewhere
trade unions
organization of workers with the same trade or skill
money for investment
an unfair opinion not based on facts
unfair treatment of a group; unequal treatment because of a person's race, religion, ethnic background or place of birth
a person who favors those in his country and is opposed to immigrants
a person who strongly favors doing away with slavery
a person who sacrifices his or her life for a principle or cause
runaway or trying to run away
southern owner of a small farm who did not have slaves
tenant farmers
farmer who works land owned by another and pays rent either in cash or crops
slave codes
the laws passed in the southern states that controlled and restricted enslaved people
underground railroad
a system that helped enslaved african americans follow a network of escape routes out of the south to freedom in the north
exaggerated loyalty to a region
popular sovereignty
political theory that people living in a territory had the right to decide by voting if slavery would be allowed there
Kansas-Nebraska Act
proposed by Stephen Douglas to repeal the Missouri Act so people of Kansas and Nebraska could have popular sovereignty
Bleeding Kansas
what Kansas was known as because of the fighting over slavery
border ruffians
Missourians who travelled in armed groups to vote in Kansas's election for slavery
Republican party
antislavery whigs and democrats who joined with free-soilers; formed to prohibit slavery in territories; supported Abraham Lincoln
Fort Sumpter
a US fort near Charleston Harbor where the Confederates fired the first shots starting the Civil War
Confederate States of America
what the states that seceded were known as
civil war
war between citizens of a same nation
to leave the Union
Elias Howe
invented the sewing machine
Robert Fulton
invented the steamboat
Samuel Morse
invented the telegraph
John Deere
invented the steel-tipped plow
Eli Whitney
invented the cotton gin
Nat Turner
a rebellious slave who led a violent rampage in Virginia
Harriet Tubman
an escaped slave who led over 300 slaves to freedom
Frederick Douglass
an escaped slave who became an important abolitionist speaker
Stephen A Douglas
"little giant"; ran against Lincoln for Senator of Illinois and president; believed in popular sovereignty
Harriet Beecher Stowe
wrote "Uncle Tom's Cabin" which showed slavery as a cruel, brutal system
Dred Scott
sued for his freedom because moved to a free state, but was said to be property
Abraham Lincoln
16th president of the US; ran against Douglas for senator of Illinois and president; opposed slavery
John Brown
abolitionist who led attack on Pottawatomie Creek; tried to seize federal arsenal then tried, found guilty, and sentenced to hang
John Breckinridge
Southern Democrat candidate
John Bell
Constitutional Union party candidate
Jefferson Davis
president of Confederate States of America
Ireland and Germany
two countries where many immigrants came from
main topic of Lincoln-Douglas debates
"king" crop of the south
4 years
how long did the Civil War last?
Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Tennessee
name 11 states that seceded
Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware
name 5 border states
Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York
name 5 of the Union states