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Chapter 3 Study Guide Mr. Wilhoite
Terms in this set (52)
T or F: The Pueblo Indians accepted Christianity by simply merging it with their own religious beliefs.
For what two reasons did the Spanish erect forts along Florida's coast? A. As a base to look for gold in the interior B. To protect the Gulf Stream sea lanes for Spain's treasure ships coming from Mexico C. As fish camps for the Atlantic fishermen D. To check English expansion in North America E. To support Spain's fur trade industry
B & D
The Dutch and the _________________ developed "frontiers of exclusion," meaning that chose not to intermarry with Indians.
The French were primarily interested in allying with the Indians because of the ________ trade.
In the Chesapeake, the primary reason the English pushed Indians inland was to expand production of _________________.
What effect did the Second Anglo-Powhatan War, 1622-32, which was launched by the Great Indian Massacre of 1622, have on the Virginia Company of London?
It went bankrupt
What was the only English colony on the Eastern Seaboard that had a Catholic minority?
Who was the military leader of Jamestown?
Who was the "Father of the Tobacco Industry"?
What was the name given to the third winter of Jamestown's existence when the settlement all but perished?
The Starving Time
Most labor in the 1600's in the Chesapeake was performed by ____________________.
Of the following, which were problems for settlers in the Chesapeake? A. malaria B Indians C. Typhus D. Mosquitoes E. Dysentery F. All of the above G. None of the above
T or F: Unlike New England, colonists in the Chesapeake lived in small scattered clusters of settlement or lived as individual families on farms.
This group of colonists came to the Eastern Seaboard to restructure the church on what they considered to be the Biblical model: A. indentured servants B. Quakers C. Catholics D. Puritans & Separatists E. Spanish
In what colony did freemen choose 2 men from each town to represent the town in the General Court (the colonial legislature)?
True or False: Puritans in New England acquired most of their land by negotiating purchases and making formal treaties with the Indians.
What adjective best describes the New England economy by 1650? A. collapsed B. diversified C. broken D. dependent on slavery E. dependent on the fur trade
Colonists coming to the Chesapeake in the 1600's mostly came as individuals (usually young, single men), while in New England they came as ______________ units (groups).
In the 1600's, what was the only group of Eastern Seaboard colonists to stress the need for education? A. Huguenots B. Indentured servants C. Planters D. Puritans E. Africans
Puritan society stressed the need for structure and order in the community and in the family. On the family level who was always the acknowledged head of the household?
Which of the following groups was usually not targeted in one of the several New England witchcraft scares?
A. men who sided with women accused of witchcraft B. Quakers C. older, single women D. people from poorer towns E. affluent women from affluent towns
What colony on the Eastern Seaboard did the British conquer and add to their "string of pearls" up the coast?
A. Carolina B. Florida C. Plymouth D. New England E. New Netherland
In the 1600's, Charleston and the surrounding low country was the only part of the Eastern Seaboard in which most labor was performed by ______________________. What became the staple crop of Carolina and the Low Country? _______________
Africans (slaves); rice
Which of the following was not practiced in Quaker society in Pennsylvania? A. gender equality
B. representative gov't C. land purchases from Indians D. freedom of religion E. treating Indians as equals
The only Eastern Seaboard Colony to be founded by the Swedes was _________________________.
By 1700, what was the most important port on the Eastern Seaboard? ______________________ What colony was this port in ? _____________________
The most devastating Indian war (1675) in New England history was led by ______________________, also known to the English as King Philip.
The Covenant Chain was an agreement of preference for business between the colonial government of New York and the _____________ Indians.
Both a colonial war in Virginia and another such war in North Carolina were conflicts between the wealthy Tidewater aristocrats and poorer backwoods frontiersmen. What are the names of these two noteworthy conflicts in the Colonial Era and what colonies did they occur in?
Culpeper's Rebellion-North Carolina
In South Carolina a person of mixed Indian & African parentage was given the label of ________________.
The events of the Glorious Revolution of 1688 transitioned England from a monarchy to a _________________ monarchy.
Who were the opponents in King William's War, 1689-97?
England and France
Which is not true concerning the French colonies in North America?
a. The French attempted to convert Indians to Christianity but did not force them as the Spanish did.
b. The French presence was known far and wide because of the far-flung fur trade.
c. Most French colonials made a living from the fur trade.
d. The goal of the French was to acquire land for farming and to segregate Indians.
e. French colonialism was based on trade.
What system did the Virginia Company of London devise to get poor people (who did not even have enough money to buy a ticket to the colony) to come to Virginia to work?
Who developed a popular strain of tobacco that was in demand in England? He is known as the "Father of the Tobacco Industry."
The Huron were allied with the _________________, and the Iroquois were allied first with the ____________ and then with the ________________.
French; Dutch; English
True or False: In the 1600's, most indentured servants were young, single, females.
Those in England who wanted to restructure the Anglican Church and "de-Catholicize" it, but were not willing to "separate" themselves in order to do so, were known as __________________.
Which one of the following is not associated with the colony of Plymouth: A. Separatists B. William Bradford C. John Winthrop D. Chief Massasoit E. Squanto and Samoset
_____________ was never a colony—it was a territory of Massachusetts.
When was Jamestown founded and when was Plymouth founded?
The following colonies/towns were found on what bodies of water:
a. New Amsterdam-
b. New Sweden/Ft. Christina-
e. New France/Quebec-
(Choose from: Chesapeake Bay, Hudson River, St. Lawrence River, James River, Delaware River)
a. New Amsterdam-Hudson River
b. New Sweden/Ft. Christina-Delaware River
c. Maryland-Chesapeake Bay
d. Jamestown-James River
e. New France/Quebec-St. Lawrence River
True or False: In the 1600's, Spanish settlers in New Mexico far outnumbered Pueblo Indians.
In the 1600's, as colonists pushed farther up the rivers of the Eastern Seaboard they came in conflict with _______________.
Put these events in chronological order:
a. Coronado searches for gold in the Southwest.
b. The English found Jamestown.
c. The French found Quebec.
d. The Separatists Pilgrims found Plymouth.
Which one of these events is NOT correctly matched to its date?
a. Pueblo Revolt in New Mexico—1680
b. Glorious Revolution—1688
c. King William's War—1607
d. King Philip's War—1675
e. Bacon's Rebellion—1676
Most Spanish towns in New Mexico were found along the banks of what river?
What river was the heart of New France and the heart of the North American fur trade?
The first English colony in America was affiliated with what great body (bay) of water?
By 1700, what was the southern-most colony on the Eastern Seaboard and what was the northern-most colony?
Carolina; New Hamphshire
The towns in New England created by the Puritans specifically for Indians who converted to the Congregational Church (Puritanism) were known as _________________.
Identify the following as characteristic of Chesapeake settlement or New England settlement.
a. People immigrated as family units.
b. Most immigrants were young, single men who were poor.
c. Commercial tobacco farming became the backbone of the economy.
d. Fishing, furs, shipbuilding, and trade characterized the economy.
e. People came to re-establish the Church according to their perception of the Biblical model.
f. People came for jobs & to make money.
g. People mostly settled across the countryside.
h. People mostly settled in towns.
A. New England
D. New England
E. New England
H. New England
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