TEST 4

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Terms in this set (...)

ATHALIAH
Was the daughter of Ahab & Jezebel
Seized the throne after son was killed
Killed all her descendants
Her grandson Joash was saved - hidden for 7 years in temple
Promoted Baalism in Judah
JOASH
Jehoiada crowned him king at age 7—youngest king ever to rule on the throne of Jerusalem
The High priest Jehoiada led him in a resurgence of the worship of the Lord
UZZIAH
Outstanding, prosperous reign of 52 years
Prosperity was related to his trust in God
Known for fortifications and expanded military preparedness
Arrogantly sought to burn incense on the altar rebuked by priests
Acquired leprosy as punishment
Reigned when Tiglath-Pileser came to power in Assyria in 745 B.C.
His tombstone of a secondary burial has been found
JOTHAM
Co-reigned with his father after Uzziah got leprosy
"Seal of Jotham" found in Elath - a ring seal on which was written "belonging to Jotham"
AHAZ
Enthroned as a pro-Assyrian king
Warned by Isaiah not to seek Assyrian help in his war against Israel and Syria
Given the "Virgin Birth" prophecy as a sign to trust God instead of Assyria - said "No"
Went to Assyria to meet Pul - especially liked the ___ and pagan Assyrian altar he was there - had it copied erected in Jerusalem
Made his son "walk through the fire;" probably
child sacrifice
HEZEKIAH
Outstanding reign
Began extensive revival
Reopened the temple
Invited all to celebrate Passover in Jerusalem
Sought to be independent of Assyria
Was ill - "you will die" - he prayed, given 15 yrs
more
Dug water tunnel in to bring water into Jerusalem
Assyrians attack city; 185,000 Assyrian troops die
Mentioned on Taylor Prism
JOEL
Spoke at a time of a severe locust plague; "it speaks of judgment to come"
Before end times God will pour out His Spirit prophesy & dreams will increase - partially fulfilled on the "Day of Pentecost"
Tells of final judgment in the "Valley of
Jehoshaphat
ISAIAH
Born and reared in Jerusalem
Born in days of prosperity
Tiglath-Pileser and Assyria on the rise
Was called in the year that Uzziah died
His call was in the temple (in a vision)
Critical scholars think his book was written by three different men
Quoted by name 20 times in the NT
Tells of his call in chapter 6
Gives a unique parable in chapter 5
Gives virgin birth prophecy to Ahaz
Tells of a time coming with universal world peace
Tells of return of the Jews to Israel
"Lord of Hosts" - often used expression
Called treaties "covenants with death"
Counseled against relying on Egypt
Went barefooted and hardly clad for 3 yrs, to keep
the people from relying on Egyptian help
Tells of Hezekiah's illness, & of the war with
Sennacherib, and of the death of 185,000 Assyrians
Has a well-developed "servant theme"
Tells how the "suffering servant will die
Handel puts his words to music - "Messiah"
Was probably martyred by Manasseh
MICAH
Contemporary to Isaiah
Does not mention Isaiah, but close in message
Was a rustic, rural prophet
Universal peace; swords become plowshares
Messiah will be born in Bethlehem
MANASSEH
Longest reign in history of Judah - 55 years
Initiated the darkest era of idolatry
Much like his grandfather, Ahaz
Star & planetary worship initiated
Likely was responsible for Isaiah's death
Eventually captured by the Assyrians
He repented in captivity
ZEPHANIAH
Born during Manasseh's reign
Experienced the plunge into wickedness
Very active during Amon's 2 years
Saw the judgment of Judah coming
Brought about the religious awakening of Josiah's time
AMON
Returned to idolatry
Slaves of the palace revolted - Amon is killed
JOSIAH
Became king at age 8 when his father died
Assyria declining in power
In 628 he began a revival
In 622 when repairing the temple - "a book of the law" was found - it stimulated more revival
In his 13th year (627) Jeremiah was called
Nineveh fell in 612, Egypt sought to help
Assyria fights Babylon - he tried to stop the
Egyptian army at Megiddo - was wounded in battle - later he died from his wounds
JEREMIAH
Know more about his personality
Most persecuted prophet
Has little to say about future hopes
Lived during last 40 years of Judah
Born in Anathoth, 3 miles from Jerusalem
Had a personal scribe - Baruch
Chronology of his book confused
Called in 13th year of Josiah
Saw fall of Jerusalem of Judah
Told he was chosen by God before birth
Told 3 times not to pray for his people
Often called "the weeping prophet"
A "linen sash" represented Judah's pride
Couldn't marry or have children
Is taught a lesson in the potter's house
Is arrested, beaten, put in stocks
Cursed the day of his birth
Told Jehoiakim he will "die like an ass"
Told "captivity will last 70 years"
Made a wooden yoke - wore it
Broken by Hananiah
Told Hananiah he will die for false words
Told to buy ground while in prison
He used Rechabites as an illustration
When Babylonians came he was arrested - put in an abandoned cistern - later released
Taken to Egypt against his will
JEHOAHAZ
Elevated to throne when Josiah died
Pharaoh Necho returned in 3 months - took him captive to Egypt
JEHOIAKIM
Another son of Josiah - enthroned by Necho
Jeremiah's scroll read before him - he cut it apart
and burned it
In 605 Babylon sent troops to Jerusalem Daniel taken captive - becomes loyal to Nebuchadnezzar - he later rebels against him
OBADIAH
Shortest book of Old Testament
Talks exclusively to Edomites
"Edom will be judged because of their treatment of Israel
He may have been an Edomite
JEHOIACHIN
Jehoiakim's son - only 18 when made king
Nebuchadnezzar takes him to Babylon
NAHUM
Speaks exclusively to Assyrians
Gives most vivid battle scenes
Internal clues tell when he spoke
HABAKKUK
Speaks exclusively to Babylonians
Had a dialogue with God in which he questioned God
Resolves his difficulty by his faith in God
ZEDEKIAH
Third son of Josiah - last king of Judah
Wanted to listen to Jeremiah, but too weak to resist the princes
After the Babylonians lay siege to Jerusalem, he ordered all slaves freed - later they were re-enslaved
When Babylonians entered the city, he flees - he is caught and taken before Nebuchadnezzar -
his sons are put to death before his eyes
He is blinded and taken to Babylon
GADALIAH
Appointed as governor
Soon he is murdered
People all flee to Egypt
UZZIAH'S GRAVE STONE (740)
After a long 52-year reign, Uzziah (also known as Azariah) died. On the Mount of Olives was found this stone bearing the words, in Aramaic, "To this place were brought the bones of Uzziah, king of Judah. Do not open." Do not open." Since the tombs of the kings were not located on the Mount of Olives, the assumption is that this was a secondary burial site.
THE SEAL OF JOTHAM (742 to 735)
This seal, encased in a beautiful copper ring, has engraved on its face a picture of a ram walking, preceded by a very rough figure of a man. Above the animal are four Hebrew letters that stand for "belonging to Jotham." Since the ring was found at Elath, it seems likely to have belonged to an official of King Jotham.
SILOAM INSCRIPTION (ca. 700)
Lacking a fresh supply of water inside the city walls of Jerusalem, Hezekiah cut an under-ground channel through 1777 feet of hard rock to bring the spring water of Gihon into the city at the pool of Siloam. This inscription, found near the exit at the Siloam pool, is written in fine classical Hebrew, and until the discovery of the Gezer calendar, it was the oldest known Hebrew inscription of any length.
TAYLOR PRISM (ca. 700)
Sennacherib describes in detail his third campaign that was directed against Syria and Palestine. Sennacherib mentions Hezekiah by name, telling how he shut him up in Jerusalem "like a caged bird." He also tells of his capture of 46 of his (Hezekiah's) walled cities. The Biblical account adds the detail, omitted by Sennacherib, of the loss of 185,000 Assyrian troops whom the "angel of the Lord" smote.