warlike northern Greeks
southernmost part of Greece
was gained by Temenus, grandchild of Hercules, when Peloponnesus was divided in 3
was gained by Messenia, grandchild of Hercules, when Peloponnesus was divided in 3
was gained by the sons of Aristomdemus when Peloponnesus was divided in 3
City in Eastern Greece
the western coastal area of Anatolia
where all resources necessary for survival were locally produced
different forms of the same language that have unique words, meanings, and pronounciations
Thessaly and Boetia
where the Aeolians setteled, the attic dialect was specifically spoken here
a warrior assembly composed of all free men eligible to serve in the army
Rich families "the best people"
heads of the aristocratic families, members of the council that advised the king
government that replaced monarchy, Aristocrats ruled
the most powerful Greek city in the Peloponessus
"ruler", replaced the aristocrat king
8 villages combined to make Corinth a city
constant competition and conflict
"excellence". Greeks, aristocrats in particular, were expected to demonstrate this
one's feelings of oneself were determined by how one appeared to other people
elegant and sophisticated prostitutes. "companion"
Those who came from Hellas, proud people, What the Greeks called themselves
one that did not speak Greek
Greek mythology, religious belief in 12 gods headed by Zeus
Head of Olympian gods, God of lightning and thunder
wife of Zeus, goddess of marriage
goddess of sex and love
god of wine and ritual madness
armored goddess of wisdom
humanlike gods. Not just in shape but in behavior
Oracle of Apollo
An oracle was a person who revealed the will of the gods in answer to people's questions. , Tells Acrisius that his grandson, Perseus, will be greater than him and kill him
This is why Danae is locked up
god of light, music, and medicine
priestess of Apollo, inhaled volcanic fumes and then a cryptic response
Amphictyonic "neighboring peoples" League
cities of peoples formed together that could declare a sacred war to protest the sanctuary
Archaic age (776-500 BCE)
Greece was emerging from its period of depression
established around the shores, modeled on the cities that founded them
"Great Greece". Southern Italy and western Sicily
great city in Sicily established by Corinth
heavily armed Greek infantrymen who marched and fought in close ranks; most of the recruits were middle-class citizens. primary weapon was an 8 foot spear
Army of hoplites 6 ranks deep
appointed to write down the laws
form of constitutional government "rule of the few"
Age of Tyrants
650-550 BCE. many Greek cities used this means of dealings
"love of wisdom". Greek scientific thought.
Greek philosopher from Samos
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