The Exectutive Branch (Chapter 5) KEY IDEAS
Terms in this set (54)
What are the FORMAL qualifications needed to be president
natural born US citizen
35 years old
resident of US for 14 years
What are the INFORMAL qualifications needed to be president
political or military experience
ability to raise large amounts of money
List the duties of the president. How have they changed since Washington?
commander and chief of armed forces
oversees military, stations troops, manages a defense budget
appoints heads of executive departments, officials
What is considered to be the most important duty of the president?
to ensure that all laws are faithfully executed
How long can a president be president?
2 terms; max 10 years
Which amendment set the limit for how long a president can serve?
Which president served the most terms?
How is the president's salary determined?
congress decides the amount of the salary
Name 4 benefits presidents receive
Air Force One (plane, helicopter, limo)
Free Medical, dental, and health care
Which Article of the Constitution creates the Executive Branch?
Which article establishes the vice presidency?
what does the 25th amendment do?
VP helps decide if president is disabled and acts as president if so
when was the 25th amendment first applied and why?
1973 when Nixon nominated Gerald Ford to fill the vacancy left by Spiro Agnew's resignation
list the 4 offices in line to succeed to the presidency in order
Speaker of the House
President pro tempore of Senate
Secretary of State
which president was never elected to be president or vice president but help both offices
Which 2 presidents were impeached in the House but not convicted in the Senate?
Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton
Name the 4 presidents that were assissinated while in office in order
John F Kennedy
Under what 2 conditions does the VP take over the presidency if the president is possibly disabled?
1. president informs congress of inability to perform in office
2. invoice president and majority of cabinet inform congress that president is disabled
Has a VP ever taken over the presidency? If so, what circumstances?
Yes. Lyndon B Johnson taking over presidency when JFK was shot
How has the role of the VP changed over the years
they participate in policy meetings, undertake special assignments, involved in serious diplomatic efforts, and are members of the National Security Council and take part in its policy deilberations
Why did the Founding Fathers decide not to have a direct election for the presidency?
1. they feared that citizens might make poor choices
2. candidates who were popular with voters might not be the best presidents
What is the Electoral College and how did it work under the original system?
it elected the president indirectly; electors would meet in their state and cast their electoral vote for president. electoral votes would be counted in congress. candidate reviving majority of votes would be president
Why was the 12th amendment added to our constitution? How does it work?
to fix a flaw in constitution that allowed thomas jefferson to tie in the electoral college with aaron burr (VP). it states that the VP must meet same requirements as presidency
How does the electoral college work today?
parties choose nominees. voters cast ballots every 4 years
what day are presidential elections always held?
every 4 years on the tuesday after the 1st monday in november
Whom are voters really voting for?
all of their party's electors in their state
How many electors make up the electoral college?
how many electors does each state have?
as many electors as it has senators and representatives in congress
how many electors does CA have?
how many electors does PA have?
how many electoral votes must a candidate win to become president?
how many electoral votes must a candidate win to become vice president?
which states do not have a winner take all electoral system?
Maine and Nebraska
how and when is the "new" president announced?
same evening as election
are the electors legally required to vote for the candidate chosen by their states popular vote?
Name 3 crticisms of the electoral college system
winner take all
third party candidates
election by the house
explain 3 proposals for reforming the presidential election in the US
What problems would be created with a direct election of a president by the people?
it would undermine federalism because states would lose their role in choice of president. candidates would concentrate their efforts in densely populated areas. large cities would control outcome of election
On what day is the inaguration of the president held? When did it use to happen and why was it changed?
January 20 at noon; used to happen in march until 1933 due to the Depression (they wanted to get presidents into office sooner)
"The only thing we have to fear is fear itself."
"Ask not what your country can do for you- ask what you can do for your country."
What were the first 4 cabinet departments that were created to serve the president?
Attorney General's Office
What 5 factors do presidents consider when choosing cabinet officers?
-a background compatible with department they will head
-have high level administrative skills and experience
-ability to satisfy interest groups
-race, gender, ethnicity
How has the decline of the cabinet as an advisory board to the president weakened the system of checks and balances?
since cabinet members are viewed as part of the president's official family, the senate is usually willing to routinely confirm most of the president's nominees
the president chooses his cabinet, but they must be confirmed by whom?
What was the most recent Cabinet position created?
Which Cabinets tend to be closes advisers to the president and why?
Justice Department (secretaries of state, defense, treasury, and attorney general) because they are concerned with the most sensitive national issues
What is the EOP and what does it do?
"Executive office of the President"; directly assists the chief executive with advice and information
list and explain 3 reasons the EOP has grown
what function does the Presidential Press Secretary serve?
answer's reporter's questions; meets regularly with media to keep public informed of president's views and decisions
Who is Obama's current press secretary?
List the president's formal powers
-commander in chief of armed forces
-appoints heads of executive departments
-conducts foreign policy
-appoints federal court judges
-pardon people convicted of federal crimes
list the president's informal powers
-personal exercise of power
-immediate needs of the nation
-mandate of the people
list the 7 hats of the president
commander in chief
head of state
director of foreign policy
head of political party