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Periodic Table Trends Test/ persuasion Test I hate this app
Terms in this set (78)
Statements that are so generous that they oversimplify reality
Ex: penguins are b&w, old photos are b&w, therefore penguins are old photos
Begging the question
You assume you are right & just move on with your argument
Words with strong positive or negative connotations that unfairly frame words into limited contexts
Ex: odor, scent
An elaborate comparison of 2 things that are too dissimilar
Attacking an exaggerated or caricatured version of your opponents position
An idea is either accepted or rejected because of its source, rather than its merit
Guilt by association
When the writer uses an unfair attempt to make someone responsible for the beliefs or actions of others
Proving something by showing the public agrees
Talking about irrelevant facts or arguments to distract from the question at hand
Stating, as a conclusion, something that does not strictly follow from the premises
Perceived controversial behaviors or feelings are explained in a rational or logical manner to avoid the true explanation
Argument that says adopting a policy or taking one action will lead to a series of other policies or actions also being taken
Concealing, withholding, or ignoring evidence or selecting only that evidence favorable to the party speaking
Assuming something is true simply because it hasn't been proven false
Assuming that because A happened, B happened
Twisting a secondary meaning of a word and claiming that it has the same weight as another meaning. Using double speak.
Based upon the appeal of force or threats in order to bring about the acceptance of a claim
RhetAn argument that appeals to pity
Attacking the person or motives of a person who has stated an idea, rather than the idea itself
Convince the public that his/her views reflect those of the common people and they benefit the common person
Stating that a claim is accurate because someone famous, scholarly, or aristocratic said it
Defending an error in ones reasoning by pointing out that someone else made the same error
2 choices, no other options (claiming)
ex: give me liberty or give me death
Appeal to ethics and accredibility
Appeal to emotion
Appeal to the logic, reason, or facts
"The algorithms have been run in a thousand different ways, and the math continues to check out."
"As a doctor, I am qualified to tell you that this course of treatment will likely generate the best results."
"If we don't move soon, we're all going to die! Can't you see how dangerous it would be to stay?"
Convincing someone to join your argument
Using force to get someone to agree with you
Using facts to prove a point
The most characteristic property of the noble gases is that they are
The number of valence electrons for group 2 elements is
Of the following elements: 11Na, 12Mg, 15P, 17Cl; which has the largest atomic radius?
In the modern periodic table, elements are ordered ___.
According to increasing atomic number
*The most distinctive property of the noble gases is that they are ____.
Ability of an atom to attract electrons
Energy required to remove an electron
Energy change when an electron is acquired by a neutral atom
One half of the distance between the nuclei of identical atoms bonded together
Who dicovered electronegativity?
Elements of the s and p orbitals
Lanthanides and actinides
Elements that make up the f-orbitals
D-orbital elements; very hard; high melting and boiling points; found freely in nature; mostly unreactive
Group 1 elements; shiny, silvery, soft; 1 VE; very reactive w/ water
Group 17 elements; "salt-formers"; gases, solids, and liquids at room temperature; are in need of one more electron to make a stable octet (8).
The elements with atomic numbers 58-71 in the periodic table are called the ____.
The electrons in the outermost energy level that are available to be lost, gained, or shared in chemical compounds are called _____ electrons.
Name the halogen with the lowest electron affinty
Name the group 14 element with the largest electronegativity
Which has the larger radius, Al or In?
Which has the larger radius, Se or Ca?
Which has greater ionization energy, metals or nonmetals?
Which has the greater ionization energy, As or Cl?
Which has the greater electronegativity, O or Se?
-Positive charged ion
-element that has lost electrons
-metals form them
-negative charged ion
-element that has gained electrons
-nonmetals form them
Atom that has lost or gained electrons (charged particles)
More electrons = ____ atomic radius
Alkaline Earth Metals
Group 2 elements; very reactive because of 2 VE; harder and denser metals
Group 18 elements; inert (unreactive) gases; stable octet (8 VE)
Semi- conductors; on the staircase
Groups 1-14; shiny, malleable, ductile; good conductors; lose electrons making cations
Poor conductors; groups 15-18; gain electrons forming anions
5f elements; only 3 naturally accurring (Th, Pa, U); named after scientists or places; radioactive; dense metals
Soft, silvery-white metals; 4f elements; very reactive; burn and tarnish easily; high melting and boiling points
Why does the atomic radius increase going down a group?
The # of energy levels increase (larger # of orbitals)
Why do metals have a low electron affinity?
They want to lose their valence electrons
Why do nonmetals have high electron affinity?
They want more electrons to fill their outermost orbitals
In his peridic table, Mendeleev didn't always list elements in order of increasing atomic mass because he wanted to group elements with similar ___ together.
Within a group of elements, as the atomic number increases, the atomic radius ___.
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic number, there is a periodic repetition of their physical & chemical properties
Elements in the same group have similar characteristics
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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