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political party and their functions

a group of persons who seek to control government through winning of elections and the holding of public office


government action based on firm allegiance to a political party

two-party system

a political system dominated by two major parties

single-member district

electoral district from which one person is chosen by voters for each elected office


the number of votes that the leading candidate obtains over the next highest candidate in an election


supported by two parties

pluralistic society

a society which consists of several distinct cultures or groups


general agreement among various groups on fundamental matters; broad agreement on public questions

multiparty system

a system in which several major and many lesser parties exist, seriously compete for, and actually win, public offices


all of the people entitled to vote in a given election


a temporary alliance of several groups who come together to form a working majority and so to control a government

one-party system

a political system in which only one party exists


the current officeholder


conflicting groups


a narrow-minded concern for, or devotion to, the interests of one section of a country

coattail effect

the effect of a strong candidate running for an office at the top of a ballot helping to attract voters to other candidates on the party's ticket

ideological parties

parties based on a particular set of beliefs, a comprehensive view of social, economic and political matters

single-issue parties

parties that concentrate on only one public policy matter

economic protest parties

parties rooted in poor economic times, lacking a clear ideological base, dissatisfied with current conditions and demanding better times

splinter parties

parties that have split away from one of the major parties


a unit into which cities are often divided for the election of city council members


the smallest unit of election administration; a voting district

split-ticket voting

voting for candidates of different parties for different offices at the same election

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