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20 terms

DEP1004 Chapter 6 terms

STUDY
PLAY
Mental operations
actions that can be performed on objects or ideas and that consistently yield a result. This allows children the reverse their thoughts and understand conservation.
concrete operational period
Piaget's stage that lasts approximately 7 to 11 years
concrete operations
cognitive stage when egocentrism wanes, children understand conservation and take an earthbound, concrete, practical minded sort of problem solving approach.
formal operational period
Piaget's stage that extends from roughly age 11 into adulthood.
formal operations
cognitive stage when children expand beyond thinking in the concrete, and are able to think hypothetically and reason abstractly.
deductive reasoning
ability to make appropriate conclusions from facts.
psychometricians
psychologists who specialize in measuring psychological characteristics such as intelligence and personality.
Spearman
psychologist who developed the g-Factor theory of intelligence - general factor - responsible for performance on all mental tests.
Thurstone and Thurstone
psychologist who developed the theory of several intelligences. 7 distinct and different abilities: perceptual speed, word comprehension, word fluency, space, number, memory, induction.
Gardner
psychologist who developed the theory of multiple intelligences . 9 in total. Linguistic intelligence, logical-mathematical intelligence and spatial intelligence are included in psychometric theories. Also Musical, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic and existential intelligences.
Sternberg
psychologist who developed the theory of successful intelligence, using three different abilities: analytic ability, creative ability, practical ability.
Analytic ability
analyzing problems and generating different solutions.
Creative ability
dealing adaptively with novel situations and problems.
Practical ability
knowing what solution or plan will actually work.
Word recognition
the process of identifying a unique pattern of letters.
comprehension
the process of extracting meaning from a sequence of words.
Phonological awareness
the ability to hear distinctive sounds of letters.
propositions
various combinations of selected words from a sentence that convey a particular idea. They can be combined to build the overall meaning of a passage as a whole.
knowledge-telling strategy
writing strategy that relies on writing down information on a topic as they retrieve it from memory. Typical of young writers.
knowledge transforming strategy
writing strategy that involves deciding what information to include and how best to organize it for the point they wish to convey to their reader. Achieved toward end of elementary school.