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theatre

STUDY
PLAY
The word "theatre" comes from the Greek theatron, which means
seeing place
The word "drama" comes from the Greek dran, which means
To do
Which of the following is a possible meaning of "theatre"?
the building where the play is performed, the company of players, the occupation of acting, directing, designing, building, crewing, managing, producing, and playwriting
The minimal requirement for a theatre "building" is
a place to act and a place to watch
Which theatrical craft fits the following description? Technicians execute in proper sequence, and with carefully rehearsed timing, the light and sound cues, the shifting of scenery, the placement and return of properties, and the assignment, laundering, repair, and change of costumes.
Crewing
The task of securing all necessary personnel, space, and financing; supervising all production and promotion efforts; fielding all legal matters; and distributing the proceeds derived from receipts falls to who
producer
The task of securing all necessary personnel, space, and financing; supervising all production and promotion efforts; fielding all legal matters; and distributing the proceeds derived from receipts falls to who
house manager
The person who controls and develops the artistic product and provides it with a unified vision is the
director
Which of the following theatrical crafts is usually executed away from the theatre building and its associated shops?
playwriting
Historically, theatres have developed in close relationship to
sports activities
While both theatre and sport are public spectacles, theatre differs from sports activities because
Theatre has a pre-ordained ending
The distinctive feature of theatre, which separates it from other arts, is that theatre employs
impersonation
theatre is an art because it
combines emotions, intellect, and aesthetics
Denis Diderot's idea of the paradox of the actor states that onstage
while the actor disappears or seems lifeless, the simulated character seems to live
The English word for person comes from the Latin word for
a mask
In the ancient Greek theatre, what physical and symbolic element separated the actors from the audience
the actors wore masks
Which mode of performance makes the drama "dramatic" as opposed to simply theatrical, enabling the audience to concentrate on the events that are being and not on their method of demonstration
representational
Which mode of performance acknowledges the audience—as in the case of the nightclub performer who sings, dances, jokes, and responds overtly to applause
The presentational mode
The mode of performance in which the audience watches interactions that are staged as if no audience were present at all is called
the representational mode
Coleridge's term for the audience participation engendered by way of empathy was
willing suspension of disbelief
Theatrical performance differs from other kinds of performance because
theatre is live, scripted, and rehearsed
Why did the playwright-director Bertolt Brecht use songs, signs, chalk talks, arguments, and slide projections in his productions
He wanted to discourage stage "magic" in order to appeal to the audience directly about social issues
How does a theatrical performance differ from a video or a filmed performance
The theatrical performance is live, with the audience and performers, who are aware of each other and mutually interact in their shared presence
Which of the following is true of the relationship between the play script and the performance
The script is a silhouette or outline of the play itself, which fully exists in performance only
The rigid distinction between the acting space and the audience space came to be formalized when acting became an unsavory, often illegal profession, t/f
false
Theatres built in Elizabethan London to accommodate both plays and bearbaiting provide an example of the shared history of theatre and sport. t/f
true
Since the development of motion pictures, theatre has suffered declining attendance, revenues, and numbers of theatres in America, t/f
false
The advantages of live performance include its two-way communication between audience and actors, unification of group responses, and live immediacy which makes every show novel and different, t/f
true
Although the names and allocations of craft functions such as directing, producing, designing, and stage managing have changed over the course of the theatre's history, the functions themselves have remained fairly constant, t/f
true
One term for a long-standing, collective group of theatre practitioners who have worked together is
troupe
What is a play?
an action focused around a particular conflict, which gives the action significance
In Western drama, a full-length play has historically been designated as one that
lasts two to three hours, typically
In Greek tragedy, the central character
undergoes a change that leads to his or her demise
Which of the following is true about the differences between tragedy and comedy
Tragedy typically deals with great people, whereas comedy deals with ordinary people
Tragic suffering differs from pathetic or maudlin feelings in that
the tragic hero takes on a bold and heroic dimension because he or she faces huge odds
Why do comedies typically go out-of-date more quickly than tragedies
Comedies are more topical and deal with ordinary life at the time they are written
Comedies that use a more bleak humor in dealing with serious themes are known as
dark comedies
Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman is different than its classically tragic ancestors because it
does not contain Gods, but rather contemporary forces
The Greek term for the "carrier of the action" in a tragedy is
protagonist
A play that dramatizes the key events in the life of a king or head of state, such as Shakespeare's Henry IV, is called
a history play
Ultimately, the practice of dividing plays into genre is
always subjective because each play is unique.
Which dramatic genre purports to be serious but, in fact, deals with human issues on only the most superficial level, embellished with spectacular staging, flamboyant dialogue, and highly suspenseful and contrived plotting
melodrama
Which dramatic genre offers a wild, hilarious treatment of a trivial theme, usually based on a stock component like identical twins, switched identities, lovers in closets, and might include full-stage chases, misheard instructions, various disrobings, discoveries, and disappearances
farce
Which one of the following is part of the horizontal axis of dramaturg
pre-play
The six components of a play which Aristotle lists, in order of importance, are
plot, character, theme, diction, music, and spectacle.
What is the difference between plot and story
Plot refers to the structure of events; story refers to a narrative of what happens in a play
Which element of drama refers not only to the pronunciation of spoken dialogue but also to the literary nature of the play's text, including its tone, imagery, articulation, and use of such literary forms as verse, rhyme, metaphor, jest, apostrophe, and epigram
diction
Which element describes the play's use of rhythm and sounds, either by way of instrumental composition or the orchestration of such noises as muffled drumbeats, gunshots, special effects, and vocal tones
music
The visual aspect of the play, including the scenery, costumes, lighting, make-up, and the over-all look of the stage are included in the element known as
spectacle
The agreement between the audience and the actor, which includes a whole set of tacit understandings that form the context of playwatching, is called
convention
Background information, presented within the play, which the audience must possess in order to understand the action of the play, is called
exposition
Which of the following offers a way that the playwright can present a play's exposition?
a spoken prologue that directly provides information
In play construction, the single action that initiates the major conflict of the play is called the
inciting incident
The final scene, action, or lines in a play devoted to bringing the play to a new level of harmony or understanding, perhaps even resolution, after the climax is called the
denouement
Genre means category or kind. t/f
true
The central character in any type of drama is called the tragic hero, t/f
false
The modern play that challenges Aristotle's definition of tragedy because the lead character is a "low man" is Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman, t/f
true
Aristotle's term for the play's abstracted intellectual content is "thesis." t/f
false
In a Greek play, the lead character that moves the action forward is opposed by a figure called the antagonist, t/f
true
According to Aristotle, it is impossible to break down the elements that make tragedy effective, t/f
false
When an actor turns to speak directly to the audience, unheard by the other characters, it is known as "side-speak." t/f
false
Some playwrights criticize the primacy Aristotle gives to plot as a recipe that leads to mechanical plays, t/f
true
Processions and the Ancient Greek proagon are two examples of ways in which theatre artists publicized their plays in ages past, t/f
true
The audience is not a part of the definition of conventions of the theatre, t/f
false
The purging or cleansing of the audience's pity and terror at the climax of a tragedy is called
catharsis
A play's final repository is
the minds and memories of its audience
The public form of play analysis following a production is called
dramatic criticism
Dramatic criticism usually appears in all the following forms...
production reviews in newspapers or periodicals, reactions to the play posted on blogs and online magazines,scholarly articles or books on dramatic literature
Examples of theatres that have been created or sustained by governments or ruling elites include..
ancient Greek, medieval liturgical and Corpus Christi drama, royal era
Why is the theatre in a strong position to force and focus public confrontation with social issues
Most productions do not act as propaganda but present the issues in all their complexity as food for thought and as such focus public debate, stimulate dialogue, and turn public attention and compassion to important issues
A play's relation to the individual stems from the fact that the best plays
link up with our deepest musings and help us to put our unconnected ideas into some sort of order or philosophy.
An audience member's aesthetic sensibility and response is
a composite of many individual reactions and therefore subjective
Plays that deal with theatrical matter not simply as a vehicle but as a theme are called
metadrama or metatheatre
Which of the following is NOT an example of a play that makes the theatre a matter in the play itself
Sophocles' Oedipus The King
What word fits the definition of "that which holds the attention?"
entertainment
Theatre can be seen as entertainment
in all cases
A member of the audience may see a play from five different critical and dramaturgical perspectives. What are five perspectives
social, personal, artistic, theatrical, and entertainment value
What form does professional dramatic criticism take
production reviews , scholarly works, and online blogs and journals
The journalist's review generally is
limited to a brief, immediate reaction written within a few days of seeing the performance
Which of the following is the journalist critic's principal job qualification
writing ability
Scholarly critics generally write
detailed, comprehensive, and rigorously researched articles without the deadline or space limitations of newspapers
Dramaturgy gained in popularity in the United States during
the 1960s, even though Europe has a long history of dramaturgical work
the professional scholar
seeks fresh insights from a body of literature while working within accepted methodologies
scholar means...
one who studies
Which is NOT one of the tasks a dramaturg may undertake in a play's artistic development
take over for the director during the theatrical run
The poet, playwright, philosopher, librarian, and scholar who is widely recognized as the first dramaturg is
Elia Kazan
Which type of critic needs sufficient background to provide a context for opinion and evaluation? His or her judgments are made against a background of knowledge and experience
the observant critic
Which type of critic holds the theatre to its highest possible standards and cuts against the inherent danger in drama to turn toward pure entertainment or sensationalism
the demanding critic
Which type of critic expresses thoughts with precision, clarity, and grace, through the careful building up of ideas, a presentation of evidence, logical argument, the use of helpful analogy and example, and a clear style of expression
the articulate critic
The presence of a critical focus in the audience has the effect of keeping the theatre
honest
All plays and play productions can be usefully analyzed and evaluated on the way they use the theatrical format to the best advantage and make us rethink the nature of theatrical production, t/f
true
Dramaturgy is essentially a subset of directorial responsibilities, t/f
false