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108 terms

Art History Test 2

STUDY
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Krater
vessels used to mix water and wine
Geometric krater
An example of a krater
Meader pattern
(key-like pattern) surrounding a vessel
Geometric Krater
Example of meander pattern
Kouros
male youth
Kore
maiden
Amphora
two handled jar, typically used to store wine or oil
Pediment
triangle space at the end of the building; ornamental space
Metope
a square space between two triglyphs in a Doric frieze
Stylobate
the uppermost course of the platform
Capital
has two elements, present in both orders, is a flat, square block that provides the immediate support for the entablature
Doric Order
is massive in appearance, its sturdy columns firmly planted on the stylobate. is very plain
Ionic Order
seems light and airy, and much more decorative. columns are more slender and rise from molded bases
Contrapposto
weight shift of counterpositioning of the body from central axis.
Kristios Boy, Riace Warrior, Spearbearer
Examples of Contrapposto
Fibula
Clasp or safety pin; used to clasp a woman's gown at shoulder
Repousse
hammered relief; achieved by beating metal plate from behind, leaving impressions
Fibula with Orientalizing Lions
Example of repousse
Tumulus
multi-chambered tomb, specific to Etruscans
Senate
council of elders or senior citizens; specific to Roman Empire
consul
leader of Republican Roman Empire
plebeians
working class roman citizens
patricians
upper class roman citizens
barrel vault
extension of a simple arch; creates semicylindrical ceiling over parallel walls; required additional buttressing
groin vault
formed by intersection of right angles of two barrel vaults; requires less buttressing
hemispherical dome
dome usually resting on cylindrical drums
Pantheon
Example of a hemispherical dome
veristic portrait
superrealistic Roman Republican portrait
Colosseum and Pompeii Amphitheater
Example of veristic portrait
amphitheater
literally means "double theater"
Colosseum and Pompeii Amphitheater
Example of an amphitheater
Oculus
literally mean "eye"; the round central opening of a dome
coffers
sunken decorative panels; lessen weight of a structure with out weakening it
Geometric, Archiac, Classical, Hellenistic
Four artistic periods with the Ancient Greek period
Kritos Boy
work first displays contapposto
The Grecian temple
was the house of the god or goddess of his or her fellows
outside the temple- at the east end, facing the rising sun
Where did the altar lay
Cella
a room with no windows that usually housed the cult statue of the deity
Black-figure technique of vase painting
in which artist painted black silhouettes and then incised linear details with the forms. early examples features Orientalizing animals
Achillies and Ajax playing dice game
Example of a black-figure technique of vase painting
Red-figure technique of vase painting
the painter outlined the figures and then colored the background black
Perciles
Which influential politician led the renovation of the Acropolis
Alexander the Great
transformed the Mediterranean world politically and ushered in a new artistic age as well
Macedon
Where was Alexander the Great from
one entrance and elevated - entrustic
ionic columns and marble/stucco material to appear like Greeks
How is the Temple of Prtumus and example of Etruscan an Greek influences
the legend of Romulus and Remus and the wolf was regarded as a symbol of Rome from ancient times... she wolf found the two boys
what myth does the Capitoline Wolf depict
are Rome's twin founders in its foundation myth
Romulus and Remus
animated faces, gliding legs, gesticulating arms
How does Etruscans depict their people
Head of Old Man.... his age is shown its a conntection to wisdom, ancestrial lineage, verusm= depiction of truth
Example of veristic portrait and how is it examplary of Roman Empire
Volcano erupture, was under 20 ft of ash
What happened to the City of Pompeii
So much of the city has been preserved
Why is Pompeii called the "living city of the dead"
considered the first emperor of the Roman Empire
Who is Augustus
Pax Augusta
refers to the long period (30 yrs) of relative peace the Roman Empire went through during the reign established by emperor Augustus.
Pax Romana
was the long period of relative peace and minimal expansion by military force experienced by the Roman Empire in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD
Constantine
Well known for being the first Roman emperor to convert to Christianity,[notes 4] Constantine and co-Emperor Licinius issued the Edict of Milan in 313, which proclaimed religious tolerance of all religions throughout the empire.
a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome,
Pantheon
Marcus Agrippa
Commisioned the Pantheon
circles and squares
what shape is repeated throught the entire Pantheon
the "orb of the earth and the vault of the heaven
The conversions of teh horizontal and vertical circles symbolize
Phidias
Director and sculptural programs on the Parthenon
Archaic period
black-figure ceramics would more likely be found in conjection with at of the_______period
Severe Style
Many art historians refer to the Early Classical phase as
Pericles
The politician most responsible for rebuilding the structures of the Acropolis
Praxiteles
Who is the sculptor credited with introducing the first female nude into Greek Sculpture
Panthenaic Procession
What subject was portrayed on the fieze around the cella of teh Parthenon
Erechtheion
What temple of teh Acropolis hill was built around Athena's olive tree and Poseidon's trident
Alexander the Great
Which Greek Leader was schooled by Aristotle and influenced Hellenistic art by his capture of land
Lysippos
Which late Classical sculptor made figures taller and more slender as show in his Apozyomenos
Lacoon
Who was the priest who warned the Trojans not to bring in the giant wooden horse
Persians
Who sacked Athens in 480 BCE and destroyed the buildings of the Acropolis
lost-wax process
Which of the following techniques did the ancient Greeks perfer when creating life-size sculptures
Myron
Which classical artist was famous for his sculptures of athletes shown in his Diskobolos
Krater
what is a bowl for mixing wine and water
Andokides Painter
usually given credit for the invention of the red-figure technique as show in the bilingual
roof
most architechtural sculpture was made to decorate what part of the Etruscan temple
how did the Etruscans typically bury their dead
in subterranean rooms arranged underneath cemetery-like areas
The Delian League
How were the Athenians able to pay for the reconstruction of Acropolis
Etruscans
Terracotta sarcophagi showing life-sized reclining figures are most typical of ______
bronze sculptures
Etruscans artisians particulary excelled what type of sculptures
wood and mud brick
the etruscans preferred what type of building materials for their temples
Doric
The column used on Etruscan temples looks similar to which type of Greek column
prostyle
means having columns on only one side and refers to the Etruscan
Capitoline She-wolf
commissioned for the Roman republic after the Romans expelled
Rome
In the first centruy BC Etruscans became citizens
Cerveteri, Italy
7th century BCE
Etruscan Period-Archaic
Tumuli at Banditaccaia necropolis
(what city, founded, time period)
ca. 500-480 BCE
Etruscan-Classical
Capitoline Wolf
(founded, time period)
1st century BCE
Etruscan-Hellenstic
Aule Metele (Arrigatore)
(founded, time period)
Rome, Italy
75 BCE
Roman-Republic Period
Temple of Portunus
(what city, founded, time period)
1st century BCE
Roman- Republic Period
Head of Old Man
(founded, time period)
Herculaneum, Italy
2nd century BCE
Roman- Republic Period
Samnite House
(location, founded, time period)
Samnite House
first style wall painting
480 BCE
Greek-Classical
Kritios Boy
(founded, time period)
Iktinos and Kallikrates
Athens
447-438 BCE
Greek-Classical
Parthenon (temple of Athena)
(artist, location, founded, time period)
Lysippos
320 BCE
Greek-Late Classical
Weary Herakles
(artist, founded, time period)
Athanadoros and Hagesandros Polydoros of Rhodes
1st century
Greek-Hellenistic
Laocoon and his sons
(artist, founded, time period)
ca. 520 BCE
Etruscan- Archaic
Saracophagus with Reclining Couple
(founded, time period)
20 BCE
Roman- Early Empire
Portrait of Augustus as General
(time period, artistic period)
Rome, Italy
13-9 BCE
Roman- Early Empire
Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace)
(location, time period, artistic period)
Rome, Italy
70-80 CE
Roman- Early Empire
Colosseum
(location, time period, artistic period)
Rome, Italy
118-125 CE
Roman- High Empire
Pantheon
(location, time period, artistic period)
ca. 175 CE
Roman- High Empire
Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius
(time period, artistic period)
Rome, Italy
312 CE
Roman- Late Empire
Arch of Constantine
(location, time period, artistic period)
740 BCE
Greek-Geometric period
Dipylon Geometric krater
(time period, artistic period)
650-625 BCE
Greek- Orientalizing period
Lady of Auxerre
(time period, artistic period)
ca. 600 BCE
Greek-Archaic
Kouros
(time period, artistic period)
Exekias
ca. 540 BCE
Greek-Archaic
Achillies and Ajax playing a dice game
(artist, time period, artistic period)
Paestum, Italy
ca. 460 BCE
Greek-Classical
Temple of Hera II
(location, time period, artistic period)
315 CE
Roman- Late Empire
Portrait of Constantine
(time period, artistic period)