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Industrial Revolution main ideas

Crop Rotation

The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year, to avoid exhausting the soil.

Steam Engine

A machine that turns the energy released by burning fuel into motion. Thomas Newcomen built the first crude but workable steam engine in 1712. James Watt vastly improved his device in the 1760s and 1770s. Steam power was then applied to machinery. (607)


A wheeled vehicle consisting of a self-propelled engine that is used to draw trains along railway tracks


a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries


system of settling new lands that remain under the government of their native land

Textile Mill

a factory in which fibers such as cotton and wool are woven into textiles or cloth

White Man's Burden

A poem by British poet Rudyard Kipling commenting on imperialism. It created a phrase used by imperialists to justify imperialistic actions.


A belief that some races are by nature superior to others, also discrimination based on such belief.

Industrial Revolution

the change from an agricultural to an industrial society and from home manufacturing to factory production, especially the one that took place in England from about 1750 to about 1850.


a boat that moves by the power of a steam engine, made it easier and quicker to travel goods

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