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37 terms

Unit 6 Vocab

STUDY
PLAY
alluvial soil
rich soil made up of sand and mud deposited by running water
wadi
in the desert, a stream bed that is dry except for during a heavy rain
kums
term for deserts in central asia
phosphate
natural mineral containing chemical compounds often use in fertilizers
oasis
small area in the desert where water and vegetation are found
pastoralism
the raising of livestock
cereal
any grain grown for food
ethnic diversity
differences among groups of people based on their languages, origins, customs, or combinations of such characteristics
infrastructure
the basic urban necessities like streets and utilities.
domesticate
to adapt plants or animals from the world to make them useful to people.
culture hearth
a center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward
cuneiform
Sumerian writing system using wedge-shaped symbols pressed into clay tablets.
hieroglyphics
Egyptian writing system using pictures and symbols to represent words and sounds
qanat
underground canal used in water systems of ancient Persians
monotheism
belief in one God
prophet
person believed to be a messenger from God
mosque
in Islam, a house of public worship
nationalism
large, distinct ethnic groups within a country
nationalize
in place a company or industry under government control
embargo
a ban on trade
ziggurat
large step-like temple of mud and brick built in ancient Mesopotamia
bedouin
member of the nomadic desert people of North Africa and Southwest Asia
bazaar
a traditional marketplace ranging from a single street of stalls to an entire city district.
arable
suitable for growing crops
commodity
goods produced for sale.
petrochemical
chemical product derived from petroleum or natural gas
gross domestic product (GDP)
the value of goods and services within a country in a year
hajj
in Islam, the yearly pilgrimage to Makkah
aquifer
underground water-bearing layers of porous rock, sand, and gravel
desalination
the removal of salt from seawater to make it usable for drinking and farming
Kuwait
country with petroleum-based economy
OPEC
group of oil-producing countries
pipeline
long network of underground or aboveground pipes
TRACECA
network of road, rail, and air transportation systems
Elburz Mountains
polluted region at the southern end of the Caspian Sea
Garagum Desert (Kara Kum Desert)
black sand desert which covers most of Turkmenistan
Nile River
Longest river in the world, produces fertile soil, overflows in the spring and carries the soil and water to the dry deserts of Egypt.