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306 terms

Autodesk REVIT Architecture 2010 Key Terms

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3D reference plane
Reference planes are displayed in the conceptual design environment in the 3-dimensional views.
ADSK
Autodesk Exchange File, the file format used by Autodesk applications to transmit design information.
Architectural Column
A column that adds architectural interest to a building. An ______ can be used to model box-outs around structural columns and for decorative applications.
Area
Usable space that is defined by walls or boundary lines or both. In Revit Architecture, you can perform an area analysis to define spatial relationships in a building model.
Area Scheme
A set of spatial relationships in a building. For example, in an office building, you may want to distinguish between common space (such as lobbies, hallways, rest rooms, and kitchens), office space, and storage. In an apartment building, you may want to indicate rentable space and non-rentable space.
Array
An arrangement of elements in a building model. For example, in a large office, you can create an ______ of desks and chairs. In a structural design, you can create an ______ of beams or columns. You can create a linear ______, in which the elements are distributed evenly along a line, or a radial ______, in which the elements are distributed evenly along an arc or a circle.
Attach
To explicitly join elements (such as walls or columns) to other modeling components. For example, you can ______ walls to floors, ceilings, and roofs. You can ______ columns to roofs, floors, ceilings, reference planes, structural framing members, and other reference levels.
Attached Detail Group
A group of view-specific elements that are associated with a model group. For example, an ______ may be comprised of door tags and window tags.
Autodesk® Seek
A web service that lets you search for, download, and integrate product and design information into your drawing. You can also publish families to the ______ website to make them available for other designers to incorporate into their designs.
Blend
A combination (blending) of 2 shapes to create a 3D shape. You can create ______ using solid geometry and void geometry. For example, the 2D shapes below are ______ to create the solid extrusion that follows.
Bounding Box
An invisible 3-dimensional rectangular space that contains all model elements, annotation elements, and datum elements defined in a family-based element. The ______ helps define the family origin of some elements, and aids joining and cutback of structural framing elements.
Break Control
A Revit symbol that you can use to break a section line, break a schedule into multiple sections, or break a crop region into sections. In the following elevation view, the blue Z-shaped break controls allow you to break the crop region into sections.
Break Line
The Z-shaped line used in a drafting view or detail view to obscure parts of the drawing, to focus the drawing on a particular area. The following drafting view uses ______ above and below the section to obscure less intricate parts of the door assembly.
Bubble
A shape (such as a circle or cloud) that contains identification text for a grid, level, view title, callout, or annotation.
Building Footprint
The gross building area plan at ground level that is exported to an ADSK file when exporting a building site to a civil engineering application, such as AutoCAD® Civil 3D®.
Building Information Modeling (BIM)
A design methodology that maintains a single database of information about a building design. All information for a building design, from geometry to construction data, is stored in a project file. This information includes components used to design the model, views of the project, drawings of the design, and related documentation. In a Revit project, every drawing sheet, 2D and 3D view, and schedule is a representation of information from the same underlying building model database.
Building Maker
A conceptual design and modeling environment that takes any overall building form described conceptually, and maps it to building elements, such as roofs, curtain walls, floors, and walls.
Building Pad
A flat surface that is designed to be occupied by buildings and is prepared by grading, excavating, filling, or a combination of these. In Revit Architecture, you can add a ______ to a toposurface, and then modify the structure and depth of the pad.
Callout
A detailed drawing of part of a view. In Revit Architecture, the ______ appears in a separate view. In the ______, you can add annotations and detail, which will not display in the parent view. In the parent view, the ______ area is marked with a ______ tag. The following views show a ______ tag in a section view, and the detail view for the ______.
Camera
A visualization tool that you use to create a 3D view of a building model. When you place a camera in a 2D view, you can control the target point, the ______ level, and the focal point of the ______. The following views show a camera positioned in a floor plan view, and the resulting 3D view.
Casework
Pre-built components, such as cabinets and cupboards for a kitchen or bathroom. Revit Architecture provides family types for ______.
Category
A group of elements that you use to model or document a building design. For example, ______ of model elements include walls, windows, columns, and beams. ______ of annotation elements include dimensions, tags, and text notes. ______ are organized into families of elements with similar purposes and characteristics. Families are further organized into types, as shown.
Centerline
A line that indicates the middle of a dimension or model element (such as a column or a wall). In Revit Architecture, you can use an element's ______ to measure, dimension, align, resize, specify constraints, and perform other functions in a building model.
Central File
A master project file for a model on which multiple team members are working. The model can be subdivided into functional areas (worksets), such as interior, exterior, and site. The ______ stores the current ownership information for all elements in the project, and acts as the distribution point for publishing work to the rest of the team. All users work in local copies of the file and periodically save changes to the ______ so that other users can see their work.
Chain
A linked set of lines or walls. When drawing walls or lines in a building model, you can simplify the process by drawing a ______. You can also select a ______ of lines or walls to manipulate them simultaneously.
Clip Plane
A vertical or horizontal plane that defines a boundary for a view. You can use top, bottom, left, and right ______ to define a view. In elevation and section views, you can also use a far ______ to define the depth of the view. Green dotted lines define the ______ for an elevation view
Closed Loop
A sketched line that connects to itself, creating a 2-dimensional shape. A ______ cannot contain coincident or intersecting segments. In Revit Architecture, you sketch ______ to create floors, ceilings, plan regions, openings in walls and roofs, solid extrusions, and other parts of a building design. In the following sketch, a ______ defines the walls, ceiling, and floor.
Collinear
Passing through or lying on the same straight line. Sketching a line that is ______ with an existing wall
Color Scheme
A set of colors and fill patterns used to graphically designate rooms or areas in a floor plan. You can apply ______ based on any parameter value for a room or area. For example, if you want to color rooms by department, set the Department parameter for each room to the desired value, and create a ______ based on the values of the Department parameter. You can then add a ______ legend to identify the department that each color represents.
Communication Center
A tool that displays links to information about product updates and announcements. To access the ______, click the satilite dish in the InfoCenter toolbar in the upper right corner of the Revit window.
Component
A building element that is usually delivered and installed on site, rather than built in place. (Also referred to as a hosted ______.) For example, windows, doors, and furniture are ______. In contrast, walls, floors, and roofs are built in place; these are called hosts or host elements.
Compound Wall
A wall that consists of multiple vertical layers. Each layer can use a different material (such as concrete, insulation, and interior finish) and have a different function (such as structure, thermal layer, and substrate).
Constraint
A parameter that defines a relationship between elements in a building design. For example, you can specify the top ______ for a wall as Level 2. If Level 2 moves upward, the height of the wall increases to maintain the relationship.
Control
A graphical icon in the Revit drawing area that you use to manipulate elements. For example, when you select a chain of walls, blue circles display. These blue circles are drag ______. You can drag such a ______ to change the shape of the walls. Other ______ allows you to flip, lock, rotate, view, and change the shape or size of elements.
Core
The structural part of a compound wall or other host element. When you use Revit Architecture to design a compound wall, you specify the layers and materials that compose the ______ of the wall, as well as the interior and exterior layers of the wall. In the following illustration, the ______ is outlined in green in the wall preview. The layer list is where you define and change the layers in and around the ______. When aligning or dimensioning the wall, you can choose to measure from the center of the ______ or from the interior face or exterior face of the ______.
Crop
To limit the boundaries of a view, omitting parts of the building model from the view.
Crop Region
A user interface mechanism that defines the boundaries of a view. Elements in the building model that are outside the ______ do not display in the view or on a sheet on which the view is placed. In the following floor plan view, the inner, solid red line indicates the model ______. The outer, dashed red line indicates the annotation ______.
Curtain System
A building component consisting of panels, curtain grids, and mullions. In Revit a ______ usually does not have a rectangular shape.
Curtain Wall
An exterior wall consisting of panels connected by joints or mullions. The panels can be made of glass, brick, or other materials.
Cut Line Style
A graphic style applied to an element when a view (such as a section view) cuts through the element, so that you are seeing a representation of its interior surface. For the ______ of an element, you can specify the line weight, color, and pattern.
Cut Plane
A horizontal height at which certain elements in the view are shown in cross-section.
Cut Volume
The amount of material that must be excavated and removed from a site to prepare it for construction. For example, in the following drawing, the red area indicates the ______, and the blue area indicates the fill volume required to level the site for a building.
Cutback
The calculated adjustment in beam geometry that ensures beam ends meet without overlaying one another at a join. This is the visible gap seen in a steel beam connection within the Revit project.
Datum
A non-physical item that is used to establish project context. ______ include levels, grids, and reference planes. For example, the following image shows a grid, which is used for the placement of columns and other model elements. The grid is not a part of the building (such as a wall or a roof) but is used in a view to help design the building.
Datum Extent
The size of a datum plane (a plane for a level, grid, or reference line). Datum planes are not visible in all views. If the datum does not intersect a view plane, it will not be visible in that view. You can resize datum planes so that they are visible only in certain views.
Decal
An image to display on a face of a model element. For example, you can use ______ for signs, paintings, and billboards. In project views, a placeholder indicates the location of a ______. The full ______ displays in a rendered image. The following rendered image shows a ______ on the television.
Dependent View
A copy of a view. Use ______ when a view of the building model is too large to display on a single sheet, and you need to divide the model into smaller segments that fit on the sheets. The ______ remains synchronous with the primary view and other dependent views. When view-specific changes (such as view scale and annotations) are made in one view, they are reflected in all views.
Design Option
An alternative design for a project. ______ allow a team to develop, evaluate, and redesign building components within a single project file. You can develop ______ to adapt to changes in product scope, to review other designs, or to show alternatives to a client.
Detail Component
A 2D element that you can add to a detail view or a drafting view. For example, you may want to add a metal stud or a shim to a drafting view. Revit Architecture provides over 500 ______ families, based on 16 CSI divisions. You can also create your own ______.
Detail Group
A group of view-specific elements, such as text and filled regions.
Detail Level
A Revit setting that determines the amount of geometry displayed in a view. ______ settings include coarse, medium, and fine, where coarse shows the least detail and fine shows the most detail. The following image illustrates the 3 ______ for a desk.
Detail Line
A line that is used to create a detail drawing. A ______ is visible only in the view in which it is drawn. You can use ______ as follows: To detail a view with part of the model visible, such as in a wall section or callout, In a drafting view to draw lines with no reference to the model, To trace underlay elements. In the following drawing, the arc is a ______ drawn in a drafting view that shows details of the roller assembly for a sliding door.
Detail View
A view of a model that displays as a callout or section in other views. This type of view typically represents the model in finer detail than shown in the parent view. It is used to add more information to specific parts of the model. A ______ reflects geometry of the building model. If a related part of the building model changes, the ______ updates to reflect the change.
DGN
A file format supported by MicroStation of Bentley Systems, Inc. Revit Architecture can import and export ______ files.
Dimension
A view-specific element that shows the size of an element or shows distances between elements or points in a building model. As you place an element, Revit Architecture displays temporary ______ so that you can place the element accurately. You can create permanent ______ and lock them to specify and maintain a particular size or distance.
Discipline
A functional area (such as structural, mechanical, electrical, or architectural), or an area of expertise (such as architecture, structural engineering, or construction). In a Revit project, you can assign ______ to categories and to views. You can then control the visibility or graphic display of elements in a view based on assigned ______. You can also specify project units by ______ and organize the Project Browser by ______.
Divided Surface
A face or surface of a form that has been divided into UV grids. The grids act as a guide in patterning the surface. Manipulating the ______ also manipulates the parametrically dependent patterns and component families.
Drafting Pattern
A symbolic representation of a material in a drawing. (For example, sand is represented by a stipple pattern.) You can place ______ on flat and cylindrical surfaces, and you can define them for families. You can also place ______ on cut component surfaces in plan views and section views. The following image shows a cross-section of a window in a wall, with different ______ for interior and exterior layers of the wall.
Drafting View
A project view that shows details not directly associated with the building model. For example, a ______ can show how carpet transitions to tile, or details of a roof drain. A ______ typically shows construction details that may not be apparent in other views. A ______ is saved with the project in which it is created, and it can be included on a sheet. However, a ______ does not reflect the actual building model, and it does not update when the model changes. The following image shows a ______created using the 2D detailing tools in Revit Architecture. (It is not a 3D view.)
Drag Control
A graphical icon in the Revit drawing area that you ______ to change the shape or size of an element in the building model. When you select an element, Revit Architecture displays it's ______ as blue circles or triangles.
Draw Order
The order in which elements display in a view, as if layered on a flat surface. You can move an element backward or forward in the ______, or bring it to the front or back of a stack of elements.
Drawing Area
The part of the Revit user interface that displays views, sheets, schedules, and other representations of the building model.
Drawing List
A schedule (list) of all drawing sheets in a project. The drawing list functions as a table of contents for the project. It is typically placed on the first sheet of a construction document set.
DWF
Design Web Format, the Autodesk file format for publishing design data. It offers an alternative to generating PDF (Portable Document Format) files. DWF files are significantly smaller than the original RVT files, making them easy to send by email or to post to a web site. Recipients can view DWF files using Autodesk DWF Viewer.
DWF markups
A construction document that has been reviewed and revised or commented on (marked up). Typically, the reviewer is the project designer, a client, or another building professional. When you export construction documents as DWF files, the files can be marked up electronically using a program such as Autodesk Design Review. You can link the markups back into Revit Architecture to see the desired changes.
DWG
A drawing file format supported by AutoCAD and other CAD applications. Revit Architecture can import and export ______ files.
DXF
Drawing Exchange Format. An open file format that is supported by many CAD applications. A ______ file is a text file that describes a 2D drawing. The text is not encoded or compressed, so ______ files are generally large. Revit Architecture can import and export DXF files.
Element
An individual item in a building model. Revit Architecture projects use 3 types of ______: Model ______ represent the actual 3D geometry of a building. For example, walls, floors, and roofs are model ______ - Annotation ______ help to document the model. For example, dimensions, text notes, and section tags are annotation ______ - Datum ______ are non-physical items that are used to establish project context. For example, levels, grids, and reference planes are datum ______. The following drawing includes model ______ (walls, doors, planters), annotation ______ (dimensions, text notes), and datum ______ (grid lines).
Element Borrowing
A Revit function for workshared projects. ______ allows you to edit an element in a workset that you do not own. If another team member is currently editing the workset, that team member is the owner of the workset and you must place a request to borrow the element. If no one owns the workset, permission to borrow is automatically granted.
Element Properties
Parameters or settings that control the appearance or behavior of elements in a project. ______ are the combination of instance properties and type properties. To view or change ______, select the element in the drawing area, click Modify <element> tab > Element panel > ______ drop-down, and click ______ or Type Properties.
Embedded Wall
A wall that is inserted into another wall of a different type or construction. ______ are useful, for example, when you need to create a storefront on a building exterior. The following image shows a curtain wall embedded in a host wall.
End Cap
An end of a wall that does not join to another wall. The unjoined end of the wall is exposed. You can specify whether compound wall layers wrap at ______. For example, the following image shows a cross-section of a compound wall that uses interior wrapping at the ______.
Entourage
An architectural term that refers to the landscaping and other environmental features shown in a rendering of a building. For example, ______ can include plants, trees, people, cars, and signs. Revit Architecture provides a library of ______ families, and you can create or load additional ______ into a project.
Explode
To disassemble an import symbol (which represents imported geometry) into its next highest level of elements.
Extrusion
A method of defining 3D geometry for a building model. You begin a solid ______ by sketching 2D shapes on a plane. Revit Architecture then ______ the sketch between a start point and an endpoint. You can also create a void ______ by cutting a shape out of a 3D solid.
Face
A surface of a model element or mass. You can apply paint, materials, and textures to each ______ of a model element (such as a wall). These details display when you render an image of the building model. You can use mass ______ as the basis for creating walls, roofs, curtain systems, and floors in a building model. The following image shows a mass ______ that is being used to create a wall.
Family
A class of elements in a category. A ______ groups elements with a common set of parameters (properties), identical use, and similar graphical representation. Different elements in a ______ may have different values for some or all properties, but the set of properties (their names and meaning) is the same. For example, a ______ of concrete round columns contains columns that are all concrete and round, but of different sizes. Each column size is a type within the Concrete Round Column ______.
Far clip plane
The clip plane that is at the side of the view farthest from the start point of an elevation view, a section view, a 3D view, or a walkthrough view. In the following floor plan, the green dotted line opposite the blue line represents the ______ for an elevation.
Fill Pattern
A graphic design for surfaces that are cut or shown in projection. You can use ______ for model patterns and drafting patterns.
Fill Volume
The amount of fill (material) required to prepare a site for construction. For example, in the following drawing, the red area indicates the cut volume, and the blue area indicates the ______ required to level the site for a building.
Filled Region
A 2D, view-specific graphic. You can use ______ to represent various surfaces, such as concrete or compacted earth. You can add a ______ to a detail view, a drafting view, or an annotation family. For each ______, you can specify a boundary line style and a fill pattern.
Fillet
A drafting term that refers to rounding a square corner, using a radius to define the curve.
Filter
A mechanism for eliminating or including the display or selection of elements in a view, based on their properties. In Revit Architecture, you can use ______ in the following ways: To select or deselect elements in a view. - To override the graphic display and control the visibility of elements in a view. - To control the display of elements based on their phase status: new, existing, demolished, or temporary.
Flip Control
A graphical icon in the Revit drawing area that you can use to reverse the position or orientation of an element in the drawing area. For example, when you click the ______for a compound wall, the wall flips over, so its layers reverse.
Floor Plan
A 2D drawing of a building model that shows the layout of walls and other building components. In Revit Architecture, a ______ is also referred to as a floor plan view.
Focal Point
The point in the distance on which a camera is focusing.
Footprint
The area covered by or required by an object. For example, the ______ of a toaster on your kitchen counter is the amount of countertop that the toaster covers. In Revit Architecture, you can create a roof or floor based on the ______ of the walls. You can also sketch a 2D shape to represent the desired ______ of the walls, roof, floor, or stairway of a building. In the following image, the pink lines indicate the sketched ______ of a roof for a building. The pink angles indicate the slope of the roof on each side.
Frame
In an animation, a single image (for example, in a walkthrough animation or a solar study). In a building, a rigid structure built into a wall to hold a door, window, or other component. In Revit Architecture, you can specify the material and finish for a door ______.
Framing Elevation
An elevation view that shows the structural framing of a building model. You can work in a ______ when adding vertical bracing to the model, or for any task that requires quick work plane alignment to a grid or to a named reference plane.
Full Explode
The process of completely disassembling an import symbol (which represents imported geometry) into Revit elements, including text, curves, lines, and filled regions.
gbXML
An open schema created to help building designers gather information about the energy consumption characteristics of building projects. To perform energy analysis for a building model, you can export a Revit project to ______. Using a third-party application, analyze the resulting ______ file to calculate the loads for the building model.
Generic Annotation
Text that documents a building model. ______ are usually related to a parameter for a model element or type. You can create ______ families and nest them inside host model families, so that the annotations display in the project. This is useful if you want to include a label with a model family and display that label in the project.
Generic Model
A family of geometry that does not fit into any of the other, pre-defined categories (such as columns, roofs, and floors). In a Revit project, an instance of a ______ is a model element. You can create a ______ as a loadable family, or as an in-place element that is specific to a project. Revit Architecture provides templates for various types of ______ families.
Grid
A series of lines that you can use to help draw or place elements in a building design. ______ are useful in the design and documentation phases of a project. In Revit Architecture, ______ are datum elements.
Ground plane
A horizontal plane that represents ground level in a building model. In Revit Architecture, you can specify the ground plane when creating a solar study for 2D and 3D views.
Group
A defined set of elements that can be placed as a unit in a building design. ______ elements is useful when you need to create entities that represent repeating units or are common to many building projects (for example, hotel rooms, apartments, or repeating floors).
Halftone
A display color that blends the line color of an element with the background color of the view. For example, the following image shows some elements in ______ (gray) and others in black. You can specify the ______ display properties using the Visibility/Graphics dialog.
Head
(1) For elements that can slope (including roofs, ramps, floors, and ceilings), the upper end of the slope. For example, in the following illustration, the ______ is the upper end of the sloped floor. (2) In Revit Architecture, the symbol that displays in a drawing to represent a component, such as a section, callout, elevation, grid, or level. For example, in a floor plan, you can double-click a section ______ to go to the section view. (In the following floor plan, the blue symbol is a section ______.) (3) For windows and doors, the piece that goes across the top of the window or door to create the rough opening.
Hidden Element
An element that you hide in a particular view.
Hidden Line
A dashed line representing an edge or surface that cannot be seen in a view. For example, in the following image, 2 bolts go through the stud. The view shows the ______ of one bolt but does not show the ______ of the second bolt.
Hidden Line Mode
A model graphics style in which Revit Architecture hides the lines of elements that are obscured by other surfaces.
Highlight
To move the cursor over an object in the drawing area so that Revit Architecture displays the object's outline in a different weight (bold) and color (such as gray instead of black). A description of the element displays on the status bar at the bottom of the Revit window. After a brief delay, the element description also displays in a tooltip near the cursor. This ______ indicates that the object is ready for selection. Click to select the ______ object.
Host
A model element that can accept other components. For example, a wall is a ______ for windows and doors. A roof is a ______ for skylights and dormers. A ______ may also be referred to as a ______ element or a ______ component.
Hosted Component
A model element that can exist in a building model only if sponsored by another (host) element. Doors, windows, model lines, and components (such as furniture) are ______.
i-drop
An Autodesk feature that allows you to drag and drop content from a web page into a Revit session. Using ______, designers and developers have the power to create web pages that can easily be dragged and dropped into Autodesk design products that are ______ enabled. You can import CAD files into Revit Architecture using ______.
Import Symbol
A Revit element that contains all objects (such as blocks and xrefs) from an imported drawing. When you move the cursor over the imported objects, Revit Architecture shows information about the ______. You can explode an ______ to convert it into individual Revit elements.
Imported Categories
Categories of elements that are derived from an imported drawing. You can change the visibility and graphic display of ______ through the visibility graphics menu.
In-place Family
A family of elements that is created within the context of the current project. An ______ exists only in the project and cannot be loaded into other projects. Using ______, you can create components that are unique to a project or components that reference geometry within the project. For example, to create a reception desk that must fit between several other items in a room, design the desk as an ______. In a structural model, you might create an ______for a thickened structural floor, or a wall extrusion that conforms to a uniquely shaped architectural wall that it supports. If the original design ever changes, the in-place element changes accordingly. The following dome roof was created as an ______.
Industry Foundation Classes (IFC)
A file format developed by the International Alliance for Interoperability (IAI). ______ provides an interoperability solution between ______-compatible software applications in the construction and facilities management industry. The format has established, international standards to import and export building objects and their properties. Revit Architecture provides ______ import and export based on the latest IAI ______ data exchange standard. When you export a Revit building model to ______ format, the information can be used directly by other building specialists, such as structural and building services engineers.
Infill Element
An insert that fills (patches) a hole in a host element after changes are made during different phases of a building project. For example, if you remove a window from a wall during a demolition phase, Revit Architecture fills the hole with an ______. By default, the ______ has the same properties as the host element (the wall). The following illustration shows a demolished window that has become an ______.
Instance Parameters
Settings that control the appearance or behavior of an individual element in a project. The ______ and type parameters of an element combine to establish its element properties. ______ are also called instance properties.
Isolate
To display only a certain element or type of element, so that you can work with it in a particular view without being distracted by other elements in the design.
Join
(1) The intersection where 2 or more elements share a common face. (2) To resolve intersections between elements that share a common face. The level of detail for the view determines the detail of the ______ geometry that is shown. The following images show geometry before they are ______ (top) and after they are ______ (bottom) in a view with a coarse detail level.
Key Schedule
A table of information that you create to simplify or automate data entry in other, larger schedules. A ______ can reduce the time required to produce a larger schedule and help to generate accurate cost estimates. For example, a room schedule for an apartment building might list 100 rooms with the same floor, wall, and base finishes. In a ______ you can define Room Style keys, such as Public, Service, and Units. Each key specifies different floor, wall, and base finishes for its room style. Rather than manually specifying finishes for all 100 rooms, you can assign a room style to each room. When you create a room schedule, fields in the schedule automatically update with the appropriate finishes, based on the assigned Room Style keys.
Keynote Legend
A list of keynote numbers and the corresponding keynote text. If you choose to annotate model elements using keynote numbers only, you can use a ______ to provide descriptive text for each keynote number. By using a keynote legend, you avoid cluttering the drawing with text.
Keynoting
A method of annotating drawings to identify building materials, describe assembly instructions, or provide special instructions or explanations. ______ help to standardize information related to the building design and can help reduce clutter in drawings. In Revit Architecture, each sheet can display its own ______ legend, or all ______ for the project can be documented on one sheet.
Label
A text placeholder added to tags or title blocks. You create a ______ as part of a tag or title block family while in the Family Editor. When you place the tag or title block in the project, you replace the ______ with the actual value for that instance. For example, the following title block template contains ______ that indicate the type of information to be entered on a sheet. When you create a sheet, the ______ are replaced with actual values.
Layer
In Revit Architecture, the adjacent materials of a compound structure, such as a wall. You can define the ______ in a compound structure.
Layer Mapping File
A text file that maps each Revit category or subcategory to a preconfigured layer name for the CAD software. For example, a Revit door object automatically maps to the A-DOOR layer in AutoCAD. The layer names are preconfigured in the text file, but you can change them. You use a ______ when exporting a Revit project to a CAD format.
Leader
A line that connects an annotation to an element or part of the building model in a view. In Revit Architecture, you can control the line weight, style, and color of the ______, as well as its position, shape, and arrowhead.
Legend
A table that provides descriptions or information about symbols used in drawings. In Revit Architecture, you can create a ______ and include it on multiple sheets.
Level
A finite horizontal plane that acts as a reference for level-hosted elements, such as roofs, floors, and ceilings. In Revit Architecture, you define a ______ for each vertical height or story within a building, or other needed reference of the building (for example, first floor, top of wall, or bottom of foundation). You can add ______ in a section or elevation view.
Library
A collection of predefined resources that you can use in a Revit project. For example, you can access ______ of templates, detail components, entourage, materials, and families of model elements and annotation elements. Revit Architecture provides some ______. Other ______ are available on the Internet.
Line Pattern
A series of dashes or dots alternating with blank spaces. In the building industry, construction documents often use different line style conventions to convey information and to differentiate one line from another. For example, dimensions may use thin solid lines, while callout bubbles use heavy dashed lines. You can specify the ______ as part of the line style for many types of lines used in Revit Architecture. To define line patterns, click Manage tab > Settings drop-down > ______.
Line Style
A line of a particular pattern, weight, and color, used to indicate different effects. For example, in the following site plan, a red dashed line indicates the zoning setback. Revit Architecture predefines several ______ and uses them for default purposes. You can change these and add your own ______ to suit your needs and preferences.
Line Weight
The thickness of a line. You can specify the ______ as part of the line style for model lines, perspective lines, and annotation lines used in Revit Architecture. To define line weights, click Manage tab > Settings panel > ______.
Link
To connect a file to a Revit project. When a ______ file is updated, the updated information is automatically made available in the Revit project. ______ avoids the need to re-import updated information into the project. In Revit Architecture, you can create a ______ between projects. You can also ______ CAD files and DWF markup files to a Revit project.
Listening Dimensions
A Revit feature that allows you to specify a value for a dimension as you sketch an element in a view. You specify a start point for the element, start sketching in the desired direction, type the exact dimension desired, and press Enter. Revit Architecture draws the element to the specified length. The following image shows the text box that appears when you start to type a ______.
Load
To transfer a file or a collection of information from an outside location into a Revit project. In Revit Architecture, you can ______ groups, templates, detail components, entourage, materials, families of model elements and annotation elements, and other project information.
Local File
A copy of the project file that resides on the computer system of the team member who is working on the file. When worksharing is used to distribute project work among team members, each member uses a ______ to work on his or her workset (functional area). Team members periodically save their changes to the central file so that others can see the changes and update their ______ with the latest project information.
Location Line
A vertical plane in a wall that is used for dimensioning. You create a wall by sketching the ______ of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. You specify what to use for the ______ in the element properties of the wall: the wall centerline, core centerline, interior or exterior wall face, or interior or exterior face of wall core. In the following illustration, the green dashed lines indicate the ______ of the wall.
Lock
To secure a dimension or the location of an element so that it cannot be changed. When you select a ______ dimension or element, a ______ control displays next to it. The following drawing shows a ______ dimension.
Mark
A unique identifier that you assign to an element in its properties. You can include ______ in schedules and tag labels. For example, the following site plan shows ______ for individual parking spaces. These ______ are also listed in the parking schedule.
Markup
Comments or revision instructions from someone who reviewed a building design. When you publish construction documents as DWF files, the files can be ______ up electronically using a program such as Autodesk Design Review. Then the ______ can be linked back into Revit Architecture to display the desired changes.
Masking Region
A defined area that obscures elements in a view. ______ are useful when you are creating a model family from an imported 2D DWG file, and you need the model element to obscure other elements when placed in a view. You can also use them to hide parts of a drawing.
Massing Study
One or more masses in a Revit project. ______ allow you to explore design ideas by using shapes to conceptualize a building model. When your conceptual design is complete, you can add building elements directly to these shapes.
Matchline
A sketch line that indicates where to split a view for a dependent view, as shown.
Material
The substance of which an element is made. In Revit Architecture, the ______ assigned to an element determines how the element appears in a view or rendering. Revit Architecture includes several ______ in the default project templates, or you can define your own. You can specify the color (in a shaded view), texture (in a rendered image), surface pattern (in a projection), and fill pattern (in a cut view).
Material Takeoff Schedule
A list of the subcomponents or materials of any Revit family. ______ have all the functionality and characteristics of other schedule views, but they allow you to show more detail about the assembly of a component. Any material that is applied to a component within Revit Architecture can be scheduled.
Mirror
To reverse the position of a selected model element, using a line as the ______ axis. For example, if you ______ a wall on a reference plane, the wall flips opposite the original wall. You can pick the ______ axis or draw a temporary axis. Use the ______ tool to flip a selected element, or to make a copy of an element and reverse its position in one step. The following image shows the results of ______ and copying a door, using the center wall as the ______ axis.
Miter
A joint at a 45-degree angle, or evenly angled between the joined elements. ______ can apply to walls, wall sweeps, railings, structural floors, roof fascia, curtain wall mullions, and other model elements. When 2 walls join, you can edit the wall join using a ______ joint or other joint styles.
Model Element
An element in a building model that represents actual 3D geometry. For example, walls, windows, doors, and roofs are ______. For example, the following image shows only ______. It does not include annotation elements (such as dimensions or text notes) or datum elements (such as grid lines or levels).
Model Graphics Style
A method of displaying model elements in views. For example, you can choose to display a model using wireframe, hidden lines, shading, or shading with edges. You can specify the ______ for a view using the View Control Bar at the bottom of the Revit window.
Model Group
A set of model elements that are placed together in a building design. ______ are useful when you need to create entities that represent repeating units or are common to many building projects (such as hotel rooms, apartments, or repeating floors). The following illustration shows a ______ (highlighted in red) that has been placed in multiple hotel rooms.
Model Line
A model element that exists in 3D space and is visible in all views of a Revit project. You can use ______ to represent 3D geometry in a building design, such as cords or cables that secure a tarp. You can sketch straight, curved, arc, circular, fillet, and tangent lines. The following truss uses a ______ to represent the beam stick symbol.
Model Pattern
A graphic design that is applied to the surface of a model element. ______ represent the actual appearance of an element, such as brick coursing or ceramic tile on a wall. They are fixed with respect to the model and scale with the model.
Model Text
Text used in a building model, such as for signage. You can add ______ in a project view and in the Family Editor for families that can be represented in 3D, such as walls, doors, windows, and furniture. An instance of ______ is a model element. ______ is not available for families that can only be represented as 2D, such as annotations, detail components, and profiles. You can specify properties for ______, including font, size, and material.
Moment
The amount of rotation at an axis caused by downward force applied to a beam at a distance from its supporting members. A ______ connection is a connection that is designed to transfer ______ and other forces between a beam and its supporting members. In Revit Architecture, you can specify ______ parameters for a beam, including the ______ connection start and ______ connection end.
Monolithic Stairs
Stairs that consist of one solid piece of material, such as concrete. In Revit Architecture, you can specify that stairs are ______ in the stair type properties. You can also specify the material for ______.
Mullion
In Revit Architecture, a vertical or horizontal strip between panels of a curtain wall or curtain system.
Nested Family
A family that consists of instances of other families (subcomponents). The subcomponents can belong to the same category (for example, various window types) or different categories (for example, an exterior door and two lighting fixtures). You create ______ using the Family Editor. The following ______ includes a door, 2 sidelights, and 2 lighting fixtures.
Non-bearing Wall
A wall that supports no additional vertical load except its own weight. ______ can be used to define and divide spaces in Revit Architecture.
Note Block
A list of all instances of annotations (Also referred to as an annotation schedule). Note blocks are useful for listing notes that are applied to elements in a project.
NURB Surface
Non-uniform rational B-spline. A mathematical model commonly used in computer graphics for representing and generating curves and surfaces. In Revit Architecture, you can create roofs and curtain systems on ______.
Object
A model element, annotation element, datum element, or imported element in a project.
Object Style
A set of characteristics that define the line weight, line color, line pattern, and material for a category of model elements, annotation elements, or imported objects in a project.
ODBC
Open Database Connectivity. ______ is a general export tool that works in conjunction with many software drivers. You can export information about model elements in a Revit project to an ______ database.
Offset
A uniform distance from an element or line, along which the element or line will move, or a new element or line will be created. For example, when creating walls, you might specify an ______ of 5 meters. When you select an existing wall, Revit Architecture draws a new wall 5 meters from the selected wall. The following illustration shows that, when you move the cursor near the outside of a chain of walls, Revit Architecture draws a preview line to show the ______ from the walls.
Open Loop
A sketched line that does not connect to itself. Instead, it leaves an open space between the start point and endpoint of the line. In Revit Architecture, you use ______ to sketch a roof by extrusion and to split toposurfaces and faces. In the following sketch, a closed loop defines the walls, ceiling, and floor. An ______ defines the roof.
Options Bar
Part of the Revit interface that provides context-sensitive settings and functions, depending on the tool currently in use. In the Revit window, the ______ is located below the ribbon and above the drawing area.
Orientation
The state of being aligned with (or facing the same direction as) a particular item or direction. For example, in Revit Architecture you can change the ______ of a view to True North, or you can change the ______ of a compound wall to reverse the order of its layers.
Origin
A fixed starting point, or the point in a coordinate system where the axes intersect. In Revit Architecture, you use an ______ for many functions, such as positioning a linked project, creating a custom fill pattern, positioning a group, resizing walls, or sketching lines for a new family. The ______ of each element is defined in the family file for the element. When you place an element in a project, Revit Architecture uses the ______ defined for the selected family type when snapping to snap points and lines.
Orthographic View
A 3D view that shows a building model in which all components are the same size, regardless of the camera's distance from them.
Paint
To apply a material to a surface of a model element. In Revit Architecture, you can ______ walls, floors, roofs, and masses. In the following image, the wall, door, door frame, and window frame are ______ different colors.
Pan
In a 3D context, ______ moves the camera left and right. In a 2D context, ______ scrolls the view. If you are using ______ with an active view on a sheet, ______ scrolls the sheet view, not the active view on the sheet.
Panel
In Revit Architecture, a section of a curtain wall or a curtain system. ______ are separated by mullions. ______ can consist of glass or different types of walls.
Parallel View
A view whose plane is parallel to the plane of another view. For example, a Level 1 floor plan is parallel to a Level 2 floor plan. An east elevation view is parallel to a west elevation view. The following drawing illustrates the parallel planes that are used for the east and west elevations.
Parameter
A setting that determines the appearance or behavior of an element, type, or view. Also called a property.
Parametric
Controlled by parameters. In a Revit project, parameters define the relationships between elements of the building model. These relationships are created automatically by Revit Architecture and by you as you create the design. As you work in drawing and schedule views, Revit Architecture collects information about the building model. The Revit ______ change engine automatically coordinates changes in all model views, drawing sheets, schedules, sections, and plans.
Partial Explode
The process of disassembling an import symbol (which represents imported geometry) into its next highest level of elements: nested import symbols. A ______ yields more import symbols, which, in turn, can be exploded into elements or other import symbols.
PAT
A file format for fill patterns. A pattern file is a text file that contains definitions for model or drafting patterns in a project.
Pattern Component
Nested family which is applied to populate buildable architectural components across a large variety of geometric divided and patterned surfaces. It can contain both 2D and 3D geometry which create intelligent and flexible parametric components.
Patterned Surface
A divided surface on which geometric shapes have been applied. These patterns become part of the surface and (depending on their shape) will require a specific number of grid cells when applied.
Permanent Dimension
A dimension that specifies a particular size for an element or a distance between elements or points. ______ always display in the view in which they are created. You can lock ______ so that they cannot be changed without first unlocking them. You can also control the placement of the witness lines for dimensions.
Perpendicular View
A view whose plane is at a right angle to the plane of another view. The following image illustrates the ______ planes on which a floor plan and an elevation are based.
Perspective View
A 3D view of a building model, in which components that are further away appear smaller than those that are closer. In Revit Architecture, you create a ______ by placing a camera in a 3D view.
Phase
A stage or time period in the construction process of a building project. Typical ______ include existing construction, demolition, remodeling, and new construction. Revit Architecture tracks the ______ in which views or components are created or demolished, and lets you apply phase-specific filters to views so you can define how the project appears during various stages of work. The following project views show different ______ of construction for one project.
Pin
To restrict the movement of an element using the _____ tool. When you ______ an element, you cannot move it by dragging or using the Move tool. However, changes in other attached elements may result in movement of the ______ element.
Plan
A 2D drawing of a building model that shows the layout of walls, rooms, and other building components. A floor ______ presents a view of the building as though you are looking down on it from above, with the roof and intervening levels removed. A reflected ceiling ______ is a drawing that shows the ceiling in a building design.
Plan Region
Part of a plan view that has a different view range from the overall view. ______ are useful for split level plans or for displaying inserts above or below the cut plane.
Plan View
A view of a floor plan or a reflected ceiling plan for a building model.
Planting
Vegetation used to create a landscape around a building design. Revit Architecture provides a library of ______ families. You can also create or download additional plants.
Poche
A fill pattern that represents a cut surface. In Revit Architecture, you can specify the coarse ______ material to display in 3D views. You can also specify the ______ depth for a cross-section of earth in topography elements. In the following floor plan, the ______ for the walls is a solid fill pattern.
Polyline
A set of connected straight line segments. Polylines typically define open loops.
Polymesh
A 3D shape consisting of multiple polygons that are joined (meshed) together. For example, a ______ cube consists of 6 square surfaces that are joined together to form the cube shape. This is sometimes referred to as face-based geometry.
Primary View
The view on which one or more dependent views are based. The dependent views remain synchronous with the ______and other dependent views, so that when view-specific changes (such as view scale and annotations) are made in one view, they are reflected in all views.
Profile
A series of 2-dimensional lines and arcs that form a closed loop. Use ______ to define cross-sections for railings, balusters, soffits, cornices, and other sweep-defined objects.
Project
A Revit file that contains all information about a building design.
Project Base Point
The ______ defines the origin (0,0,0) of the project coordinate system. It also can be used to position a building on a site and for locating the design elements of a building during construction.
Project Browser
Part of the Revit interface that shows a logical hierarchy for all views, schedules, sheets, families, groups, and linked Revit models in the current project.
Project North
The top of the view in the drawing area. When producing solar studies or rendered images, change the view orientation from ______ to True North to create accurate sunlight and shadow patterns for the project.
Project Parameters
User-defined fields that you add to multiple categories of elements, sheets, or views in a project. These ______ are specific to the project and cannot be shared with other projects. For example, you can create a ______ named Approved By for views. In the properties for each view, you can enter a value for this parameter to indicate who approved the view. You can use ______ in multi-category or single-category schedules. However, you cannot use ______ in tags for model elements.
Project Standards
The settings used in a project that you want to apply to another project. ______ include family types, line weights, materials, view templates, and object styles.
Project Template
A set of initial conditions for a project. Revit Architecture provides several ______, and you can create your own ______. Any new project based on a ______ inherits all families, settings (such as units, fill patterns, line styles, line weights, and view scales), and geometry from the ______. ______ use the file extension RTE.
Project View
A representation of a building model. A Revit project file contains a database of information about a building model, and a ______ is one way of looking at that information. The Project Browser lists the views available for a project. These can include floor plans, ceiling plans, elevations, sections, detail views, drafting views, 3D views, walkthrough views, legend views, schedules, renderings, and sheets.
Projection Line Style
A graphic style applied to an element when a view displays the element, so that you are seeing a representation of its exterior surface. For the ______ of an element, you can specify the line weight, color, and fill pattern.
Property
A setting that determines the appearance or behavior of an element, type, or view. Also called a parameter.
Proxy Graphics
Representations of AutoCAD objects. Revit Architecture supports ______ from AutoCAD files. Unlike AutoCAD objects, ______ have no intelligence.
Pushpin
A user-placed control that provides a quick way to allow or prevent changes to the position of an element. After you place a ______, you cannot move the element until you unpin it by clicking the ______ control.
Radial
Arranged along a radius or arc. In Revit Architecture, when you create a ______ array, the elements in the array are arranged along a curve.
Reference Elevation
An elevation tag that refers to an existing elevation or drafting view. When you add a ______ to a project, Revit Architecture does not create a new view for it. Instead, the reference elevation uses an existing elevation, allowing you to indicate different areas that have identical elevations. You can place a ______ in a plan or callout view.
Reference Label
Text displayed in a callout tag when a reference callout is created in the plan view, or text displayed in a section head when a reference section is created in the plan view.
Reference Line
A line used when designing families of model elements or placing elements in a building model. When you draw a ______ in a view, the line is visible in other, related views. A straight ______ provides 4 planes to sketch on. One plane is parallel to the work plane of the line itself, another is perpendicular to that plane, and the remaining 2 are at the ends of the line (perpendicular to the ends). All planes go through the ______. A curved ______ (for example, an arc or a spline) has 2 planes at the ends of the element. The following image shows a selected ______ (and its reference planes) in multiple views.
Reference Plane
A 2-dimensional plane used when designing families of model elements or placing elements in a building model.
Reference Point
(1) A point in the current view that you can use for positioning or dimensioning a model element. When you move the cursor near a ______, Revit Architecture displays a temporary dimension between the element being placed and the ______. To display different ______, press Tab. When you are creating a family and you use a reference plane with the Is Reference property turned on, the reference plane can be used as a ______ for dimensions. (2) Provides a specific reference location in the 3D workspace of the conceptual design environment. You place these ______ to design and plot lines, splines, and forms. ______ may be free (unattached), hosted by an element, or driving (element geometry modifying).
Reference Section
A section tag that refers to an existing section view. When you create a ______, Revit Architecture does not create a new view in the project. Instead, the ______ uses an existing section, allowing you to indicate different areas that have identical sections. You can place ______ in plan, elevation, section, drafting, and callout views. ______ can refer to section views, callouts of section views, and drafting views.
Referencing View
The parent view of a callout or section; that is, the view from which a callout or section originates. The referencing sheet is the sheet on which the ______ displays. The referencing detail corresponds to the detail number assigned to a callout or section in its view properties. Values for referencing sheet and referencing detail occur in view properties and sheet properties. You can create labels for these values and include them in callout tags or section tags to create a cross-referencing documentation system for a Revit project.
Referring View
A view in which the annotation symbol for the current view is visible. For example, if you use the Find ______ tool for an elevation view, Revit Architecture lists all views in which its elevation symbol is visible.
Reflected Ceiling Plan View
A drawing that shows the ceiling in a building design. Also called an RCP view. When you add a level to a building model, Revit Architecture automatically creates an ______ for it.
Rehost
To move a component from one host to another. For example, you can use the Rehost tool to move a window from one wall to another wall.
Rendering
The process of generating a photorealistic illustration of a building design. Rendered images are often used to present building designs to clients. Revit Architecture renders 3D project views with various effects, such as lights, plants, decals, and people.
Resize
To change the size of a model element. For example, in Revit Architecture you can ______ a wall or a foundation to adjust to changing specifications.
Retaining Wall
A wall that holds back earth (for example, at the edge of a terrace or excavation). In Revit Architecture, you can specify that a wall type functions as a retaining wall in the type properties.
Revision Cloud
A graphic (shaped like a cloud) that indicates changes in a construction document. In Revit Architecture, you can sketch ______ in all views except 3D views. The cloud is visible only in the view in which it is sketched.
Revision Schedule
A list of changes made to a building design or construction document. A ______ displays in the title block of a sheet. As you add views with revision clouds to sheets, the ______ updates with information about the corresponding revisions.
Revit Architecture
An Autodesk product. ______ is a building design and documentation system that uses building information modeling to coordinate changes across all aspects of an architecture project.
Revit MEP
An Autodesk product. ______ optimizes mechanical/electrical/plumbing (MEP) systems engineering through data-driven system sizing and design. It provides a building information modeling design and documentation solution for MEP engineering.
Revit Structure
An Autodesk product. ______ integrates a physical model for layout, coordination, and documentation with an independently editable analytical model for building design and analysis. Using a single building information model and dynamic linking to third-party analysis applications, Revit Structure integrates and coordinates structural design and documentation.
Revolve
Solid geometry that turns (revolves) around an axis. For example, you can use the Revolve tool to design a dome roof, a column, or door knobs.
RFA
The file format for a Revit family.
Room Separation Line
A line that you draw in a view to define areas that are used for different purposes, when a wall between the rooms is not desired. ______ are visible in plan views, 3D views, and perspective views. For example, the following floor plan uses room separation lines to distinguish the entry from the kitchen and dining areas.
Room-bounding Elements
A model element that defines a boundary of a room. For example, walls, partitions, floors, ceilings, and roofs are room-bounding elements. Revit Architecture uses room-bounding elements when calculating the area or volume of a room. You can designate an element as room-bounding by changing the Room Bounding parameter of its element properties. For example, you can define columns as room-bounding to omit their mass from room volume calculations.
Rough Opening
The framed hole (opening) in a wall into which a manufactured window or door is installed. In Revit Architecture, you can specify the height and width of the ______ for a window type or door type.
RPC
Rich Photorealistic Content. The file type for ArchVision realpeople and other objects, which can be loaded into Revit Architecture as an entourage family, for use in rendered images.
RTE
The file type for a Revit project template.
Rule-based Filter
A filter with user-defined rules that determine the visibility/graphics settings for model elements in a particular view. For example, you can create a ______ that displays all fire-rated walls as solid red in a plan view to distinguish them from non-fire-rated walls in the building.
RVT
The file format for a Revit project.
Scale
The proportional system used to represent objects in a drawing. In Revit Architecture, you can assign a different ______ to each view.
Schedule
A tabular display of information. In Revit Architecture, a ______ is extracted from the properties of elements in a project. It is displayed in a ______ view. Using Revit Architecture, you can create many types of ______, including quantities, material takeoffs, annotation ______, revision ______, view lists, and drawing lists.
Scope Box
A user interface mechanism that controls the visibility of datum planes (levels, reference lines, and grids) in views. When you add grids, levels, and reference lines to a project, they may display in more views than desired. For example, when you add grid lines to a plan view, the grid lines display in all plan views of the model. To limit the appearance of datum planes to certain views, use a ______.
Section Box
A user interface mechanism that crops the model in a 3D view. Elements in the building model that are outside the ______do not display in the view or in an exported view.
Select
To choose an object in the drawing area. Many of the controls and tools that you use to modify an element in the drawing area are available only when an element is ______. In Revit Architecture, a ______ element displays in the ______ color, and controls or handles indicate how the element can be manipulated or modified.
Selection Box
A user interface mechanism that you use to select elements within a defined area by dragging the cursor around them. To create a ______, place the cursor near the elements to select, click and hold the left mouse button, and drag the cursor diagonally across the screen to draw a rectangle around the desired elements. Dragging from right to left includes elements completely enclosed by the ______. Dragging from left to right includes any element that the ______ encloses or touches.
Selection Filter
A mechanism for determining which elements are selected (for modification or manipulation) based on their family types or element parameters.
Setback
(1) The distance that a wall sweep or wall reveal is offset from intersecting wall inserts. The ______ value allows you to place sweeps or reveals properly near window or door trims. You can define a default ______ for wall sweeps and wall reveals in their type properties. (2) The legally required distance between the property line and buildings. For example, in the following site plan, a red dashed line indicates the zoning ______. (3) The distance from the connection point of a primary beam in a join to its edge. This is measured linearly with a connecting beam's center.
Shading
A model graphics style in which Revit Architecture shows the image with all surfaces shaded according to their material color settings and project light locations. A default light source provides illumination for the ______ elements.
Shading with Edges
A model graphics style in which Revit Architecture shows the image with all surfaces shaded according to their material color settings and project light locations, and with all non-occluded edges drawn. A default light source provides illumination for the shaded elements.
Shape Handle
A user interface mechanism that you drag to change the shape of an element in the building model. A ______ appears in the selection color.
Shared Coordinates
Project coordinates that are used for remembering the mutual positions of multiple interlinked files. Those interlinked files can be all RVT files, or a combination of RVT, DWG, and DXF files.
Shared Family
A family of model elements that can be used to create subcomponents of a nested family. When you use ______ to create a nested family, you can select, tag, and schedule the individual subcomponents in a project. (If subcomponents are not from ______, Revit Architecture treats an instance of the nested family as a single item for selecting, tagging, and scheduling.)
Shared Parameters
User-defined fields that you add to families or projects and then share with other families and projects. They are stored in a file independently of a family file or Revit project; this allows you to access the file from different families or projects. In addition, ______ can be used in tags for model elements, and they can display in schedules.
Sheet
A construction document. In Revit Architecture, you place project views on ______ to create a construction document set.
Shortcut Menu
A menu of context-sensitive options. A ______ displays when you right-click an element or view.
Site Utility
A component family that either has connectors or has the capability of hosting connectors that become functional when linked in a civil engineering application, such as AutoCAD® Civil 3D®.
Sketch
(1) To draw a line or shape. Revit Architecture provides several tools and techniques for ______. (2) A drawing of a 2D shape. The following ______ contains an open loop (the roof) and a closed loop (the walls, floor, and ceiling).
SKP
The file format for projects created using Google® SketchUp, a general purpose modeling and visualization tool. You can import ______ files into a Revit project.
Slope Arrow
A user interface mechanism that defines the slope of a roof, floor, or ceiling plane, using a line in the direction of the slope. Use a ______ when you know the height at the top and bottom of the object's plane rather than the slope. For example, ______ can be used to adjust a flat roof to satisfy a particular height at a drainage point.
Snap
(1) To jump to a line or reference point in a drawing. (2) A line or reference point to which Revit Architecture will jump when you are placing a component or sketching a line. When you place a model element or sketch a line in a drawing, Revit Architecture displays ______ points and ______ lines to assist in aligning elements or lines with existing geometry. ______ points display in the drawing area as triangles, squares, and diamonds, depending on the ______ type. ______ lines display as dashed lines in the drawing area. For example, when you move the cursor over an existing wall to draw a new wall, Revit Architecture displays a ______ line (a dashed line at the center line of the wall) and a ______ point (purple triangle at the midpoint of the wall). Click a ______ point or ______ line to start drawing the new wall from that location.
Solar Study
A photorealistic image of a building model used to evaluate the impact of natural light and shadows on the buildings and site.
Solid Geometry
A 3-dimensional shape used in a building model. You can use the Family Editor to create ______ shapes to build families of model elements.
Span Direction
The orientation of a structural floor. When you place a structural floor in the plan view, Revit Architecture creates a ______ component. Rotate the ______ component to change the orientation of the structural floor.
Spline
A curved line drawn by specifying and positioning a number of points. Revit Architecture uses a mathematical polynomial function to smoothly join the segments at these points, creating the curved line.
Split
To divide a single object into multiple objects or sections. In a Revit project, you can ______ walls, lines, faces, toposurfaces, layers in vertically compound walls, and schedules using various ______ tools.
Spot Coordinate
The North/South and East/West coordinates of an individual point with respect to the shared coordinate system for a group of linked Revit projects.
Spot Elevation Dimension
The elevation of a selected point. Use spot elevation dimensions to determine a point of elevation for ramps, roads, toposurfaces, and stair landings.
Stacked Wall
A wall that has 2 or more horizontal layers, each consisting of different materials and surfaces.
Stair Calculator
A Revit tool that automates the creation of stairs based on a specified minimum tread depth and maximum riser height.
Start Point
The beginning of a sketched line.
Status Bar
Part of the Revit interface that displays information about what is highlighted or selected, or hints on what to do next. The ______ is located in the lower left corner of the Revit window.
Structural Column
A column that supports a vertical load in addition to its own weight.
Subcategory
For a subcomponent of a family, a property that defines its display (the line weight, line color, and line pattern). For example, you can assign one ______ to the wood trim of a window and another ______ to the glass.
Surface Pattern
The graphic design (fill pattern) used to represent a surface when shown in projection.
Swatch
A sample patch of a color or pattern. When you apply a color scheme to rooms, the floor plan can display a color scheme legend, which indicates the colors and what they represent. The color scheme legend includes color ______.
Symbol
A graphic representation of an annotation element or other object. ______ are sometimes referred to as tags. Revit Architecture uses ______ for annotations, moment frames, cantilever connections, and other elements.
Symbolic Line
A line that provides information but is not intended to represent actual geometry in an element. For example, when creating a door family, you might sketch ______ in an elevation view to represent a door swing. ______ are visible parallel to the view in which you sketch them. You can control the visibility of ______ on cut instances. You can also control the visibility of ______ based on the detail level of the view.
System Family
A Revit family that can be used as a building block for creating families. Revit Architecture provides ______ for floors, walls, ceilings, roofs, drawing sheets, viewports, and other elements. You cannot delete ______.
Tag
An annotation used to identify elements in a drawing. ______ provide a way to automate the display of attributes for an element or type. Revit Architecture provides default ______ for some types of elements, such as windows, doors, and rooms. You can change the information displayed in ______, and you can create labels to add information to ______. You can also control the visibility of ______ in each view. For example, the following floor plan shows a door ______ and a room ______.
Target Point
The point in the distance at which a camera is aimed or directed.
Template
A collection of settings that you can use as a starting point for projects, families, views, and more.
Temporary Dimension
A dimension that Revit Architecture displays as you draw or place elements in a view. ______ can help you to position an element in the desired location, or to draw a line to the desired length or angle. When you finish drawing or placing an element, ______ no longer display. The following image shows ______ that display as you place a window in a wall.
Tessellation
A technique used to manage datasets of polygons and divide them into suitable structures for rendering. Data is often ______ into triangles, which is sometimes referred to as triangulation. When CAD or design software applications export 3D geometry to a file for use in Revit Architecture, they may use ______ to approximate a curved surface.
Text Note
An annotation that consists of text and may include a leader line and arrow. You can add ______ to a detail view, drafting view, or a sheet.
Tick Mark
The graphic shape used to represent the end of a dimension, such as an arrow or a slash.
Title Block
A template for a sheet. A ______ generally includes information about the company, address, date of the project, and revisions.
Toposurface
Topographical surface. A graphic representation of the terrain of a building site or plot. The ______ may include contour lines to represent elevations.
Trim
To shorten selected elements to meet a specified boundary.
True North
The direction toward the North Pole. Drafting conventions dictate that Project North is the top of the view. You may want to orient a view to ______ when producing solar studies (to create accurate sunlight and shadow patterns for the project) or rendered images.
Type
A subdivision within a family of elements. For example, the family of Concrete Round Columns is further divided into ______ such as Concrete Round 18", Concrete Round 24", and Concrete Round 30".
Type Catalog
A list of model elements that belong to a particular family type but that differ in size or other characteristics. Using ______, you can load only the size you need, rather than loading the entire family type. For example, suppose that you want to load detail components for wood framing to use in detail views. Rather than load the entire Nominal Cut Lumber-Section family, which includes 32 sizes of cut lumber, you can select the specific sizes that you need. By using the ______ to load selected items from a family type, you can reduce project size and limit the number of items listed in the Type Selector for that family, which, in turn, improves productivity.
Type Parameters
Settings that control the appearance or behavior of all elements of a particular family type. ______ are also called type properties. The instance parameters and ______ of an element combine to establish its element properties.
Type Selector
A drop-down list on the ribbon from which you can select a family type for the element being added or modified.
Underlay
A project view or imported file that you use to help position elements in the current view. For example, when you use a section view as an ______ to a detail view, model elements in the detail view display in halftone or a different line weight and line pattern. This allows you to see the difference between the model geometry (from the section view) and added detail components. To use a view as the ______ for the current view, set the ______ parameter in its view properties.
UV grid
Coordinate plotting grids for non-planar surfaces. Plotting locations in a 3D space is based on an XYZ coordinate system, while 2D Space is based on an XY system. Since surfaces are not necessarily planar, the UVW coordinate system is used to plot location. This maps a grid adjusting for the contours of a non-planar surface or form. ______, as used in the conceptual design environment, are comparable to XY Grids.
Vertex
For a 3-dimensional shape, an intersection of 3 sides. When you blend 2D shapes to create a 3D shape, you can use ______ connections to control the rate at which one shape is blended to another shape.
View Control Bar
A panel of buttons providing quick access to functions that control the current view. Use the ______ to change the scale, detail level, model graphics style, shadowing, crop views, and display of elements or categories in the view. The ______ is located at the bottom of the Revit drawing area.
View Depth
A horizontal plane that helps to define the view range in a floor plan or reflected ceiling plan. By default, the ______ is the same as the bottom clip plane. However, you can specify the ______ to show elements (such as foundation footings) below the bottom clip plane. You define the ______ in the view range properties, which are accessible from the view properties.
View List
A schedule (list) of all views in a project. The schedule includes the view parameters that you specify. You can use a ______ to manage the views in a project.
View Properties
Settings that control the appearance or behavior of a project view. To see or change ______, right-click a blank area of the view in the drawing area, and click ______. Or right-click a view name in the Project Browser, and click Properties.
View Range
A set of horizontal planes that control the visibility and display of objects in a view. The horizontal planes are Top Clip Plane, Cut Plane, Bottom Clip Plane, and View Depth. Elements outside the ______ do not display in the view.
View Reference
A symbol indicating a dependent view to which the primary view is linked.
View Template
A collection of view properties (such as view scale, discipline, detail level, and visibility settings) that can be applied to a project view. For example, you might create one ______ for a structural floor plan, and another ______ for an exit floor plan. You can then apply these templates to different floor plans to display information in each plan according to its purpose.
View-specific
The characteristic of being visible in one project view only.
Viewport
A user interface mechanism that allows you to manipulate and activate a view that has been placed on a sheet. When you activate a view through a ______, you can edit the model directly on the sheet.
Void Geometry
A 3-dimensional shape that results from removing shapes from solid geometry.
Volumetric Geometry
A 3-dimensional shape that has measurable volume. Non-volumetric geometry refers to a 2-dimensional shape.
Walkthrough
A representation of a building model that simulates a person walking through the model along a defined path. The following ______ view shows the ______ path in red.
Wall Join
An intersection of 2 or more walls. In Revit Architecture, you can specify the type of join between walls.
Wall Sweep
A horizontal or vertical projection from a wall, often decorative in nature. Examples of ______ include baseboards and crown molding.
Web Library
A collection of predefined project resources that are available on the Internet. For example, you can access ______ of templates, detail components, entourage, and families of model elements and annotation elements.
Wireframe
A model graphics style in which Revit Architecture displays the image of the model with all edges and lines drawn, but no surfaces.
Witness line
An annotation that indicates the distance between 2 points or elements in a building model. In Revit Architecture, you can change the points or elements that are used as references for a ______. You can also control the gap between the ______ and the element being measured.
Work Plane
A planar surface on which you can add sketch lines or other components. Each view in Revit Architecture is associated with a ______. In some views (such as plan, 3D, and drafting) and for views in the Family Editor, the ______ is automatically defined. In other views, such as elevation and section views, you need to define the plane. The ______ is necessary for sketching operations (such as creating an extruded roof) and for using tools in particular views (such as Rotate and Mirror in a 3D view).
Workset
A collection of elements in a workshared project that can be worked on independently. A ______ is typically a discrete functional area, such as interior, exterior, or site. When you enable worksharing, you can divide a project into ______, with different team members responsible for each ______.
Worksharing
A design method in which different team members are responsible for designing different functional areas of the same project file.
X-Ray
Available in the conceptual design environment, ______ mode is a transparent view that displays the underlying geometric skeleton of a form.
Zoom
To change the magnification of a view. In a 3D context, ______ moves the camera in and out. In a 2D context, ______ moves up and down perpendicular to the view. To ______ in is to increase the magnification, making the building appear larger. To ______ out is to decrease the magnification, making the building appear smaller. ______ tools are available on the 2d and 3D SteeringWheels and the Navigation Bar.