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30 terms

Computer Concepts

STUDY
PLAY
________ is data that has been organized or presented in a meaningful fashion.
Information
Which of the following is NOT one of the four major data processing functions of a computer?
analyzing the data or information
The ________ language consists of just two digits: 0 and 1.
binary
________ binary digits (or bits) combine to create one byte.
Eight
A ________ is approximately 1 million bytes.
megabyte
Any computer parts that you can actually touch are considered to be ________.
hardware
The ________ contains the central electronic components of the computer.
motherboard
All the following are examples of input devices EXCEPT a ________.
printer
Monitor screen grids are made up of millions of pixels, with each pixel containing ________ subpixels of colors.
three
The term ________ describes computing devices or peripherals that use techniques, parts, and methods from an earlier time that are no longer popular
legacy technology
Inkjet printers and laser printers are examples of ________ printers
nonimpact
The hard disk drive is a ________ storage device, meaning that it stores data permanently.
nonvolatile
________ ports are now the most common ports for connecting input and output devices to the computer.
USB
________ are a form of permanent storage that can be seen and accessed from outside the system unit and are typically used for CD and DVD drives.
External drive bays
________ is a form of permanent memory that holds all the instructions the computer needs to start up.
ROM
RAM is considered volatile storage, which means it is ________.
temporary
________ is the place in a computer where the programs and data the computer is currently using are stored.
RAM
________ is the applied science concerned with designing and arranging things that people use so that the people and things interact most efficiently and safely.
Ergonomics
The CPU is connected to the system memory by the ________.
front side bus
Which of the following activities is carried out by the ALU?
completion of all arithmetic calculations
The CPU consists of which two parts?
the control unit and the arithmetic logic unit
CPU speed, also called clock speed, is measured in ________.
gigahertz
The amount of RAM recommended for most systems today is measured in ________.
GB
The small circuit boards that hold a series of RAM chips are called
memory modules
The amount of RAM that is actually on the memory modules in your computer is the ________ memory
physical
When referring to hard drives, access time is measured in
kilobytes
Which is the fastest type of optical drive on the market?
Blu-ray drives
An expansion card that translates binary data into images is a(n) ________.
video card
A video card is an expansion card installed inside your ________.
system unit
Which statement pertaining to system reliability is FALSE
temporary Internet files has no