25 terms

Chapter 3 Section 2

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Popular Sovereignty
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.
Federalism
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Separation of Powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Veto
Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legislature
Amendment
A change to the Constitution
Financier
One skilled in or occupied with financial affairs or operations.
James Madison
Father of the Constitution
Great Compromise
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature (Senate) and representation based on population in the other house (House of Representatives)
Three-Fifths Compromise
Agreement that each slave counted as three-fifths of a person in determining representation in the House for representation and taxation purposes (negated by the 13th amendment)
The Virginia Plan
This called for 3 branches of government: legislature, executive and judicial. This plan was favored by the larger states because the representation in Congress was proportioned based on each state's population.
The New Jersey Plan
Presented at the Constitutional Convention, called for a one-house Congress in which each state had equal representation, which appealed to the smaller states with smaller populations.
The Connecticut Compromise
Legislative branch would have two parts: 1. a House of Representatives with state representation based on population and 2. a Senate, with two members from each state.
Philadelphia Convention
(Constitutional) The meeting of state delegates in 1787 in Philadelphia called to revise the Articles of Confederation. It instead designed a new plan of government, the US Constitution.
Alexander Hamilton
1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
Roger Sherman
American Revolutionary leader and signer of the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution (1721-1793), He helped draft the Great Compromise that determined how states would be represented in Congress
Framers
Group of delegates who drafted the United States Constitution at the Philadelphia Convention in 1787
William Paterson
proposed the New Jersey Plan
federal
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
legislative
Makes laws
executive
Carries out the laws
judical
interpret laws
constitutional convention
Meeting in 1787 of the elected representatives of the thirteen original states to write the Constitution of the United States.
Edmund Randolph
a delegate from Virginia at the Constitutional convention. He proposed the large state compromise of a bicameral legislature
Annapolis
A convention held in September 1786 to consider problems of trade and navigation, attended by five states and important because it issued the call to Congress and the states for what became the Constitutional Convention