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The Progressive Era
Terms in this set (60)
Reform movement that sought to return control of the government to the people:
President of the United States who was a former president of Princeton University and governor of New Jersey:
An advocate for improving the lives of women and children:
Muckraking journalist who exposed the terrible conditions of the meatpacking industries:
The movement to perfect America's naturally resources:
The term used to describe the progressive reforms of President Theodore Roosevelt:
Watchdog agency given the power to stop unfair businesses practices:
Federal Trade Commission
President whose actions split the Republican party after he angered both progressives and conservationists:
William Howard Taft
A plan that reformed how American banks were organized:
Federal Reserve System
A leader of the woman suffrage movement:
Susan B. Anthony
Theodore Roosevelt believed that most trusts benefited the economy and breaking them up would do more harm than good (true or false)
William Howard Taft supported high tariffs because they promoted competition (true or false)
Progressives were pleased with William Howard Taft for pushing through the Payne-Aldrich Tariff (true or false)
William Howard Taft brought many more antitrust cases during his term than Theodore Roosevelt did during his presidency (true or false)
Woodrow Wilson wanted the Federal Trade Commission to break up big businesses (true or false)
President Roosevelt was opposed to big business (true or false)
The Pure Food and Drug Act required federal inspection of meat sold through interstate commerce and required the Agriculture Department to set standards of cleanliness in meatpacking plants (true or false)
By the end of the Progressive era, Americans expected the government, particularly the Federal government, to play a more active role in regulating the economy and solving social problems (true or false)
The Federal Reserve Act of 1913, which established regional reserve banks, became one of the most significant pieces of legislation in American history (true or false)
In which decade did the number of women employed in manufacturing increase most? (Graph is involved)
How do the changes shown in the graph relate to Progressive reforms?
As more women entered the industrial workforce, more women began to work for better living and working conditions and voting rights.
What social problem did Upton Sinclair novel "The Jungle" describe?
The living and working conditions in Chicago's stockyards.
Which reform resulted from the fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory?
Workers' compensation laws.
Many Progressive reformers targeted city officials who built corrupt organizations called:
Industrial workers often labored:
With unsafe machinery
Which reform did the Nineteenth Amendment enact?
Women's suffrage (voting rights)
What was one goal of the Americanization movement during the Progressive Era?
To make immigrants more loyal and moral citizens.
W. E. B. Du Bois was an outspoken critic of:
Booker T. Washington.
For what purpose was the Women's Christian Temperance Union formed?
To protect the home and ban liquor.
The efforts of the Women's Christian Temperance Union eventually led to which change?
Theodore Roosevelt supported powerful corporations that:
Did business fairly.
Why did Roosevelt run for the presidency in 1912?
Taft's political decisions angered Roosevelt.
Which political party did Woodrow Wilson represent in the 1912 presidential election?
The Democratic party.
What fields did Progressives aim to reform?
Education, workplace conditions, and government.
What was one way Progressives differed from Populists?
Progressives were typically middle class city dwellers, and Populists were mostly farmers.
Wilson's New Freedom worked to improve which of the following?
How did Wilson compensate for the reduced government income resulting from his lowering of tariffs?
Creating an income tax.
In 1914, Congress formed the Federal Trade Commission to:
Monitor business practices that might lead to monopoly.
Why was the work of muckrakers more effective than that of earlier groups?
Muckrakers sensationalized accounts in publications read by millions.
In case "Northern Securities v. the United States", the Supreme Court ruled that Northern Securities:
Violated the Sherman Antitrust Act.
Alice Paul's strategy alarmed many in the suffrage movement because she wanted to:
Use protests to force suffrage.
Theodore Roosevelt tried to win the Republican nomination from William Howard Taft in the 1912 election because he believed that Taft:
Had failed to live up to Progressive ideals.
In a direct primary,:
All party members vote for a candidate to run in the general election.
Political reform first came to the state level when Wisconsin voters elected as governor, Republican:
Robert La Follette.
What did Progressives think needed to pay a more active role in solving society's problems?
Teddy Roosevelt put his stamp on the presidency most clearly in the area of:
To restore public confidence in the banking system, Wilson supported the establishment of a:
Federal Reserve System.
Journalists who investigated social conditions and political corruption are:
Most progressive reformers were:
Middle-class urban professionals.
The most significant political reform that the Progressives accomplished at the national level was:
The direct election of senators.
Progressives were united by:
A desire to improve society.
Beginning at the local level, temperance became a national reform with the passage of the:
A split in the Republican party in 1912 resulted in:
The election of Woodrow Wilson.
President Roosevelt believed that trusts:
Should be regulated.
The Federal Reserve Act gave the national government control over:
Banking and the money supply.
A vote to remove a public official is:
The Interstate Commerce Act (1887) and the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890) were efforts by the federal government to:
Regulate some aspects of business.
The Progressive movement was mainly a response to the:
Industrialization and urbanization of the United States.
In the early 1900s, the muckrakers provided a service to the American public by:
Expose abuses in government and industry.
What did the Meat Inspection Act of 1906 do?
Required federal inspection of meat processing to ensure sanitary conditions.
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