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150 terms

WH1 Enrichment Vocab full

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abjure
to recant, renounce, repudiate under oath
ablution
a washing or cleansing, especially of the body
adapt
To change or tailor something to fit
allegiance
Devotion or loyalty
amnesty
a general pardon granted by a government
anarchy
Absence of any form of political authority; a state of lawlessness
apocryphal
of doubtful authority or authenticity
ascetic
given to severe self-denial and practicing excessive abstinence and devotion
audacious
fearless
augury
omen
auspicious
favorable omen
autocrat
anyone who claims or wielded unrestricted or undisputed authority or influence
benign
good and kind heart
broach
to mention, for the first time
cabal
a number of persons secretly united for effecting by intrigue some private purpose
climate
The temperature, precipitation, winds, etc that characterize a region
coerce
to force
colloquial
pertaining or peculiar to common speech as distinguished from literary
collusion
a secret agreement for a wrongful purpose
colony
A group of emigrants or their descendants who settle in a distant territory by remain subject to or closely associated with the parent country
comestible
fit to be eaten
commemorate
to serve as a remembrance of
compass rose
Orientation graphic that indicates the direction north on a map or a globe
concensus
A point reached in a negotiation where a general agreement of all or most is achieved
conflagration
A great fire, as of many buildings, a forest, or the like
conspicuous
Clearly visible
copious
Penteous
correlate
To put in some relation of connection or correspondence
covert
Concealed, especially for an evil purpose
curtail
To cut off or cut short
dearth
Scarcity, as of something customary, essential, or desireable
deforestation
The clearing or destruction of forests
delta
a triangular tract of sediment at the mouth of a river, typically where it diverges into several outlets
demagogue
An unprincipled politician; someone who comes to power by appealing to the emotions of the populace
demarcation
the action of fixing the boundary or limits of something
denizen
Inhabitant
deplete
To reduce or lessen, as by use, exhaustion, or waste
desert
a dry, barren area of land
desertification
A process by which desert-like condition are created by a loss of plant cover and soil
deter
To frighten away
didactic
Pertaining to teaching
disparities
lack of equality
disseminate
To sow or scatter abroad, as seed is sown
dissent
Disagreement
dissolution
A breaking up of a union of persons
doctrine
A principle or body of principles presented for acceptance or belief
dogmatic
Making statements without argument or evidence
domestic
Of one's own counry; not foreign
edible
Suitable to be eaten
efficacy
The power to produce an intended effect as shown in the production of it
egregious
Extreme
engender
To produce
enigma
A riddle
enmity
Hatred
epithet
Word used adjectivally to describe some quality or attribute of an object, as in "Father Aeneas"
epitome
A simplified representation
eulogy
A spoken or written laudation of a person's life or character
evoke
To call forth or summon
exacerbate
To make more sharp, severe, or virulent
exile
the state of being barred from one's native country
extant
Still existing and known
extol
To praise in the highest terms
extort
To obtain by violence, threats, compulsion, or the subjection of another to some necessity
extraneous
Having no essential relation to a subject
fallacious
Illogical
finesse
Subtle contrivance used to gain a point
foible
A personal weakness or failing
foreign
Dealing with or relating to other countries; not domestic
forfeit
To lose possession of through failure to fulfill some obligation
grievous
Creating affliction
harbinger
One who or that which forefuns and announces the coming of any person or thing
heinous
Odiously sinful
heresy
An opinion or doctrine subversive of settled beliefs or accepted principles
heterogenous
consisting of dissimilar elements or ingredients of different kinds
iconoclast
An image-breaker
imminent
Dangerous and close at hand
imperialism
a policy of extending a country's power and influence influence through diplomacy or military force
inalienable
Rights that cannot be given or taken away
indigenous
Native
indigenous
Originating and living or occurring naturally in an area or environment
inept
Not fit or suitable
inflation
An increase in the general level of prices people pay for goods and services
insurrection
The state of being in active resistance to authority
interdict
Authoritative act of prohibition
jet stream
a narrow band of strong, westerly wind currents encircling the globe
junta
A council or assembly that deliberates in secret upon the affairs of government
kinship
Patterns and rules of relationship among people who are linked or related through shared descent or through marriage
latitude
the angular distance of a place north or south of the equator
lexicon
A dictionary
longitude
the angular distance of a place east or west of the meridian
lowlands
low-lying country
mettle
Courage
migration
Movement from one place to settle in another
misnomer
A name wrongly or mistakenly applied
modicum
A small or token amount
money
A medium of exchange, a good that can be used to buy other goods and services
monomania
The unreasonable pursuit of one idea
monsoon
seasonal prevailing winds
morbid
caused by or denoting a diseased or unsound condition of body or mind
myriad
A vast indefinite number
nadir
The lowest point
navigable
able to be sailed upon by ships or boats
oasis
a fertile spot in a desert where water is found
odious
Hateful
onerous
Burdensome or oppressive
paragon
A model of excellence
Pariah
A member of a degraded class; a social outcast
partisan
Characterized by or exhibiting undue or unreasoning devotion to a party
pass
A lower point that allows easier access through range of hills or mountains
pasture
land covered with grass or other low vegetation that is suitable for the grazing of domesticated animals
pathos
The quality in any form of representation that rouses emotion or sympathy
penchant
A bias in favor of something
pious
Religious
plethora
Excess; superabundance
precarious
Perilous; balancing dangerously
precedent
A judicial decision that may be used as a standard in subsequent similar cases
preclude
To prevent
presage
To foretell
prevalent
Of wide extent or frequent occurance
prodigal
One wasteful or extravagant, especially in the use of money or property
profuse
Produced or displayed in overabundance
pyre
A heap of combustibles arranged for burning a dead body
recant
To withdraw formally one's belief (in something previously believed or maintained)
reciprocity
Equal mutual rights and benefits granted and enjoyed
recluse
One who lives in retirement or seclusion
redress
To set right, as a wrong by compensation or the punishment or the wrong-doer
rescind
To make void, as an act, by the enacting authority or a superior authority
resilience
The power of springing back to a former position
retinue
The group of people who accompany an important person during travels
rural
Areas of low population density
salient
Standing out prominently
sanction
A threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule
satiate
To satisfy fully the appetite or desire of
scarcity
The condition wherein demand exceeds supply
sediment
particulate matter that is carried by wind or water and deposited
silt
fine salt, dirt, or clay that is deposited as sediment by a river
stigma
A mark of infamy or token of disgrace attaching to a person as the result of evil-doing
strait
a narrow passage of water connecting to seas or large bodies of water
supplicate
To beg
taxes
Required payments of money made to governments by households and business firms
topography
the arrangement of the natural or artificial physical features of an area
ubiquitous
Being present everywhere
ulterior
Not so pertinent as something else to the matter spoken of
umbrage
A sense of injury
urban
An area characterized as a city or town where the population density is greater than in the surrounding area
verdant
Green with vegetation
vigilante
One who takes or advocates the taking of the law into one's own hands
watershed
An area of land drained by a river and its tributaries
Zeitgeist
The intellectual and moral tendencies that characterize any age or epoch
zenith
The highest point