the science that specializes in naming and classifying organisms
a useful classification
gives each organism a unique name AND shows evolutionary relationships
ORDERS are grouped together into what?
the largest and most inclusive of Linnaeus's taxonomic categories is what?
the study of evolutionary relationships amoung organisms
diagram that shows the evolutionary relationships amoung a group of organisms
a unique trait that is used to construct a cladogram showing evolutionary relationships between organisms
what is the scientific name for humans?
which two languages are used today when determining scientific names?
latin and greek
How are genes used to help scientists classify organisms?
DNA & RNA help determine the hereditary.
a group or level of organization into which organisms are classified
greek philosopher who first classified organisms as plants or animals
a group of closely related classes
domain of all organisms whose cell walls have nuclei, including protists, plants, fungi and animals
polysaccharide found in the cell walls of fungi
organisms who like HOT environments
organism whose cells contain nuclei
organisms who like high SALT environments
multicellular eukaryotic heterotrophs whose cells do NOT have CELL WALLS or chloroplasts
"ANCIENT" unicellular prokaryotes whose cell walls do NOT contain peptidoglycan and are often found in harsh environments
unicellular prokaryotes whose cell walls are MADE of peptidoglycan
composed of eukaryotes that are NOT classified as plants, animals, or fungi
composed of heterotrophs including mushrooms, and yeast
multicelluar autotrophs that have cell walls containing cellulose and chloroplasts
most inclusive taxonomic category based on RNA which is larger than a kingdom
part of scientific name that is ALWAYS capitalized
group of similar orders
group of similar families
substance made of sugars and peptides that is found in eubacteria
the Three-Domain system divides organisms into groups based on similarities based on what?
Which of the original five kingdoms was divided in two to make the Eubacteria and Archebacteria groups used today?
which domain includes organisms from more than one kingdom?
scientist that developed the system of classifying organisms by a genus and species name
what are the THREE domains?
archaea, bacteria, eukarya
what are the six kingdoms?
animalia, archaebacteria, eubacteria, fungi, plantae, protista
eukarya goes with?
protista, fungi, plantae, animalia
bacteria goes with?
archaea goes with?
how are protists and plants alike?
their cell walls are made of cellulose
how are archaebacteria and eubacteria different?
EUbacteria contain peptidoglycan and ARCHAEbacteria lack peptidoglycan
how do plants differ from animals?
plants: have cell wall, autotrophic, photosynthesis
animals: lack cell wall, heterotrophic, phagocytosis
organisms that have similar traits but evolve independently