24 terms

Biology

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Climate
Regions year after year patterns of temperature and precipitation
Microclimate
Environmental conditions that can vary over small distances that differs from the climate of the surrounding area
Greenhouse effect
Process in which certain gases traps sunlight energy in earths atmosphere as heat
Habitat
Area where an organism lives including the biotic and abiotic factors that affect it
Niche
Full range of physical and biological conditions in which an organism lives in which the organism uses those condition
Resources
Any necessity of life such as water nutrients light food or space
Predation
Interaction in which one organism captures and feeds on another organism
Herbivory
Interaction in which an animal feeds on producers
Symbiosis
Relationship in which two species live close together
Mutalism
Symbiotic relationship in which both species benefit from the relationship
Parasitism
Symbiotic relationship in which one organism lives on or inside another organism and harms it
Commensalism
Symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is neither helped nor harmed
Ecological succession
Series a gradual changes that occur in a community following a disturbance
Primary succession
Succession that occurs in area in which no trace of the previous community is present
Pioneer species
First species to populate an area during succession
Secondary succession
Type of succession that occurs in an area that was only partially destroyed by disturbances
What is the difference between climate and weather
Climate is based upon a year-round statistics well weather is at the instant
List the three major factors that help determine Climate
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List the three greenhouse gases
Carbon dioxide methane water vapor
What is a keystone species
Single species that can cause dramatic change to the structure
What is tolerance
The ability to survive and reproduce under a range of environmental circumstances
What is the difference between organisms habitat and its niche
An organisms habitat in the general place where an organism lives where an organisms niche describes its environment and how it interacts with biotic and abiotic factors
What is the competitive exclusion principle
States that no two species can occupy exactly the same niche in the exact same habitat at the exact same time
Name the three climate zones
Polar temperate tropical