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epistolary novel

a novel in letter form written by one or more of the characters.

epistolary novel

Uses this technique to present varying first -person points of view and does not need a narrator.


a short composition on a single topic expressing the view or interpretation of the writer on that topic.


on of the oldest prose forms.


substitution of an inoffensive word or phrase for another that would be harsh, offensive, or embarrassing. Makes it sound better than it actually is but is usually more wordy than the original.


the quality of a pleasant or harmonious sound of a word or group of words as an intended effect. Often achieved through long vowels and some consonants, such as "sh".


the gray sea and the long black land; and the yellow half-moon large and low"


a kind of comedy that depends on exaggerated or improbable situations, physical disasters, and sexual innuendo to amuse the audience.

figurative language

unlike literal expression, uses figures of speech such as metaphor, simile, metonymy, personification, and hyperbole. Appeals to one's sense.

first person

a character in the story tells the story, using the pronoun I. This is limited point of view since the narrator can relate only events that he or she sees or is told about.


interruption of a narrative by the introduction of an earlier event or by an image or a past experience.

flat character

a simple, one-dimensional character who remains the same, and about whom little or nothing is revealed throughout the course of the work. May serve as symbols of types of people, similar to stereotypical characters.


a character whose contrasting personal characteristics draw attention to, enhance, or contrast with those of the main character. A character who, by displaying opposite traits, emphasizes certain aspects of another.


hints at what is to come. It is sometimes noticeable only in hindsight, but usually it is obvious enough to set the reader wondering.

free verse

poetry that does not have regular rhythm or rhyme


the category into which a piece of writing can be classified - poetry, prose, drama. Each has its own conventions and standards.

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