Chapter 11 Buddhism
Terms in this set (12)
"No self"; the important basic doctrine taught by the Buddha that the actual existence of sentiment begins is not in the form of a distinct, eternal ego-soul but is dependently co-originated.
"Impermanence"; one of the most important characteristics of existence in Buddhism. Along with duhkha and anatman, anitya is one of the three basic components of Buddhist teachings.
The model practitioner of Mahayana, who at an advanced stage of practice enlightens others while continuing to enlighten himself or herself.
Sanskrit for the "awakened one." Also refers to Shakyamuni or Gautama Buddha, originator of Buddhism, and his many avatars.
The fundamental understanding of existence shared by all Buddhist sects, which sees all entities in the universe as existing only in dependence on all other emotions.
"Voidness"; the understanding that all things in existence are lacking in an inherent, eternal nature. Emptiness is one of the most important concepts in Mahayana philosophy.
Four Noble Truths
Four aspects of existence revealed by the Buddha at his first sermon:
Duhkha - suffering
Samudaya - arising of suffering
Nirodha - cessation of suffering
Marga - path to the cessation of suffering.
"Small vehicle"; a disparaging term coined by members of the Mahayana movement to indicate what was conceived as the inferiority of the teachings of their predecessors.
"Great vehicle"; a reform movement that arose in India around the turn of the millennium. Members of the Mahayana movement claimed to teach a more universalistic version of the Buddhist doctrine.
The cessation of all karmic habituation. In Buddhism it is equivalent to liberation (moksha) and enlightenment (bodhi).
Literally, "flowing together"; the delusatory world of cyclic existence in which unenlightened beings are trapped. Buddhist practices aim to liberate one from entrapment in samsara.
The most prominent early orthodox school of Indian Buddhism, which still flourishes in Sri Lanka and most of Southeast Asia.
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Chapter 10 - Hinduism