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Mongols and Russia
Terms in this set (50)
Very cold, not many crops.
Russia: Mixed Vikings
Russia: Where did the nomads settle
Northern Russia/Kiev Russia
Russia: Kiev/North: Political organization
Confederation of different city-states. Clan based.
Russia: Good trading friends with
Russia: Wanted to become closer to the _. Why?
Byzantine empire (other options: Muslim, Western). They wanted to develop a better relationship for trade- converted to religion Eastern Orthodox
Russia: What happened in 1200?
Mongols came and took over all of the region
Russia: Large confederations under a
Saljuq Turks and the Abbasid Empire: What did Turkish people on border of Abbasid Empire do?
Served in Abbasid empires
Saljuq Turks and the Abbasid Empire: 1055- Who was recognized as sultan? What did he do?
Tughril Beg; he was consolidated his hold on Baghdad,
then extended rule to other parts of the empire
Saljuq Turks and the Abbasid Empire: Abbasid caliphs served as...
Figure heads of authority
Ghaznavid Turks and the Sultanate of Delhi: Who invades Northern India?
Mahmud of Ghazni, Afghanistan,
Ghaznavid Turks and the Sultanate of Delhi: Persecution of
Mongols: Where did they originate?
Mongolia; North of ChinaSouth of SIberia. Most of land is steppe & Gobbi Desert.
Nomads that walked around with animals
Were nomads; had yurts (tents).
Mongols: Women were...
Well-respected/skilled horse riders.
Mongols: Could be compared to...
Muslims (Bedoan Tribes)
Mongols: Long distance travel
Mongols: Center of pagan worship
Mongols: _ developed to record religous teachings
Mongols: Conversion to Islam due to
Chinggis Khan: Original name
Chinggis Khan: What did he do?
Brought all Mongols tribes into one confederation
Chinggis Khan: Proclaimed as
Primary Mongol weapon
The reflex bow
Mongol Political Organization:
-Broke up tribal organization
-Formed military units from men of different
-Promoted officials on basis of merit and
-`Established distinctly non-nomadic capital at
Only 1 million (less than 1% population were Chinese)
Khubilai Khan: Who was he?
Grandson of Chinggis Khan; warrior, but religiously tolerant
Khubilai Khan: Rule of
Khubilai Khan: Established
Marco Polo: Who was he?
A Venetian merchant that traveled through Yuan; sent on diplomatic issues; served as governor for china for three years; wrote novels
Pax Mongolica (Mongols Peace)
Yuan Dynasty: Characteristics
Tolerated Chinese culture
but lived apart from them
No Chinese in top govt. posts
Believed foreigners were more
Encouraged foreign trade & foreign
merchants to live and work in
The Golden Horde
Tolerant rulers, Mongol rule isolated Russia from advancements in art and science
Mongol Rule in Persia
Islamic life style
Mongol Rule in China
Strict separation from Chinese, tolerated religious freedoms
The Mongols and Buddhism
Shamanism remained popular, lamaist school of Buddhism (Tibet) gains strength among Mongols
The Mongols and Western Integration
Experience with long-distance trade, Diplomatic missions protected, Missionary activity increases, Mongol resettlement policies
The Ilkhanate of Persia
Abbasid empire toppled
Decline of the Mongol Empire in Persia
Poor tax returns, fighting, Ilkhan died without heir
Decline of the Yuan Dynasty in China
Mongols spend bullion that supported paper
currency, Mongols flee peasent rebellion
Tamerlane the Conquerer
Turkish conqueror Timur; united Turkish nomads in
Khanate of Chaghatai; military campaigns
Ottomans=nomadic Turkish group: central asia to asia minor; center of interactions between the Eastern and Western worlds for six centuries.
Ottoman Empire: leader
Osman, Declares independence from Saljuq sultan,
Ottoman Empire attacks
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