5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- a The second in command to a bailiff, his job was to enforce the laws of the manor.
- b An armoured soldier mounted on horseback.
- c Also referred to as serfs and villeins. Poor farmers who worked and were often tied to the land.
- d A system that described the economic system that supported feudalism. It was between landlords and their peasant laborers during the Middle Ages; exchanged labor for access to land.
- e A 1/10 tax paid by all Christians to the church in the Middle Ages. It was on 'first fruits', and usually paid in produce, but later it could be in the form of money.
5 Multiple choice questions
- The term for 'leaving empty'; part of the Medieval 3 field system. A field was left empty in order to allow it to regain nutrients.
- A revolt that took place in 1380-1381. The immediate cause of this revolt was the Poll Tax of 1380. Long term causes included theBubonic Plague, fewer peasants being available to work and demanding better pay and fairer working conditions.
- The type of castles which were constructed by William the Conqueror to assert his authority upon the conquest of Britain.
- Castle made of thick stone, the keep was protected by a palisade, defensive wall, moat and drawbridge
- A medieval punishment generally reserved for traitors. It would involve a man being hanged by the neck, then his entrails removed with a knife (drawn) and his body cut into four pieces (quartered)
5 True/False questions
Act of Homage → King of the Franks (French) and Holy Roman emperor. Through a series of military conquests he established the Carolingian Empire, which encompassed all of France and parts of Germany and Italy.
The Crusades → A series of military expeditions in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries by Western European Christians to reclaim control of the Holy Lands from the Muslims
Archers → The group of buildings which collectively form the dwelling-place of a society of monks or nuns.
Barbican → Invaders of the 4th and 5th Century AD, who were heavily responsible for the fall of the Roman Empire.
Siege → The process of attacking a castle, with the intention of either starving out the inhabitants or taking the castle by force.