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APUSH Chapter 13 Expansion, War and Sectional Crisis
Terms in this set (26)
Belief that the US was destined to stretch across the continent; idealistic, sent by God, not for economic or territorial reasons
Descendents of Spanish and Mexican conquerors; Spanish speaking inhabitants of California they were culture of Mexico carried to California.
"Fifty-four forty or fight!"
slogan used in the 1844 presidential election as a call for us annexation of the oregon territory
Anti-slavery whigs who opposed both the Texas annexation and the Mexican War on moral grounds.
a proposal to outlaw slavery in the territory added to the United States by the Mexican Cession; passed in the House of Representatives but was defeated in the Senate
northerners opposed the expansion of slavery in us territory and admission of slave states into the Union
Allowed people of the territory to decide the status of slavery there; later named popular sovereignty
Nickname given to people who came to California in search of gold
"slavery follows the flag"
The assertion by John C. Calhoun that planters could by right take their slave property into newly opened territories.
Compromise of 1850
CA admitted as a free state, increased fugitive slave laws, slave trade banned in Washington DC; popular sovereignty in most other states from Mexican- American War
Granted all northern residents, including fugitive slaves, the right to a trial.
Strip of land in present-day Arizona and New Mexico that was acquired by the U.S. in 1853 for $10 million.
The recommendation that the U.S. offer Spain $20 million for Cuba. It was not carried through in part because the North feared Cuba would become another slave state.
Reversed the MO Compromise, instituted Pop Sov. In Kansas and Nebraska; led to conflict - "Bleeding Kansas"
American, or Know-Nothing, Party
a former political party active in the 1850s to keep power out of the hands of immigrants and Roman Catholics (called nativists)
series of violent fights between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas who had moved to Kansas to try to influence the decision of whether or not Kansas would a slave state or a free state.
Dred Scott v. Sandford
Supreme Court decision that stated that slaves were not citizens; that living in a free state or territory, even for many years, did not free slaves; and declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitional
Idea authored by Stephen Douglas that claimed slavery could only exist when popular sovereignty said so
James K. Polk
11th President of the United States; committed to westward expansion; led the country during the Mexican War; U.S. annexed Texas and took over Oregon during his administration
One of the most prominent African American figures in the abolitionist movement; escaped from slavery; advocated freedom from slavery & full citizenship rights for all blacks
12th President of the United States; general in Mexican War who led the battle over the disputed territory around the Rio Grande River
nominated as President after Polk and he evolved a doctrine of popular sovereignty. He argued that slavery should be kept out of Congress and left to the people.
Senator from Illinois, author of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the Freeport Doctrine, argued in favor of popular sovereignty
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Author of the antislavery novel Uncle Tom's Cabin
Abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia
Ran for US Senate as Republican against Douglas believed African Americans deserved rights enumerated in the Declaration Republican
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