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Unit 8.2.1 Causes of American Revolution Review
Terms in this set (34)
Why would the Mayflower Compact, Fundamental Orders of Connecticut and Virginia House of Burgesses help to encourage the colonists to want to fight Great Britain for independence?
The colonists had become accustomed to making their own decisions. They knew they would be able to govern themselves without Great Britain.
How did mercantilism contribute to the causes of the American Revolution?
mercantilism contributed to the causes of the American Revolution b/c it showed that the colonists knew they could manage their own affairs. They wanted to trade on their own.
What was the Proclamation of 1763? Why did the King establish it? Where is it?
Banned the British from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains; to avoid conflicts between colonists and Indians; a long the Appalachian Mountains.
Why were the colonists upset about the Proclamation on 1763?
They couldn't settle west of the Appalachian Mountains
What was the purpose of the new taxes pass by Great Britain? (like Sugar Act & Stamp Act)
To pay for the French & Indian War
What actions did the colonists take in response to the new taxes passed by parliament?
Give a short description of the following acts passed by Parliament:
a. Sugar Act
lowered the tax on the molasses the colonists imported.
b. Stamp Act
Parliament required colonists to pay for an official stamp or seal, whenever they bought paper items.
c. Townshend Acts
tax imports such as glass, tea, and paper.
d. Tea Act
gave the British East India Company nearly total control of the market for tea in colonies
How did the British government respond when colonists started protesting against against the taxes?
Passed more serious acts, sent more soldiers to the colonies.
What does "no taxation without representation: mean?
Parliament couldn't tax colonists without their consent.
Describe the Boston Massacre from the viewpoint of a colonist.
The British soldiers attacked the innocent, unarmed colonists for no reason. They killed innocent colonists!!!
Describe the Boston Tea Party.
On December 16, 1773, Colonists disguised as Indians snuck onto the 3 tea ships and dumped 342 tea chests into Boston Harbor.
What was the ultimate effect of all the taxation policies, quartering soldiers, & increased control made by King George and Parliaments?
All of the actions by King George and Parliament ultimately led the colonists to fight for independence from Great Britain.
Why were the Intolerable Acts passed? What did they do?
To punish Boston for the Boston Tea Party; Boston Harbor was closed until tea paid for Massachusetts charter was canceled, officials accused of crimes were sent to Britain, the Quartering Act, General Thomas Gage became new governor of Massachusetts.
What role did these individuals play during the American Revolution?
a) Abigail Adams:
wife of John Adams, delegate to Continental Congress.
b) John Adams:
defended the British Soldiers after the Boston Massacre
c) Samuel Adams:
helped organize the "Sons of Liberty" to protest taxes in Boston, used propaganda against the British.
d) Mercy Otis Warren:
sister of James Otis; author of poems, plays, and essays that supported independence.
e) Benjamin Franklin:
inventor, writer, printer, statesman, scientist, and diplomat. Advocated unity among the colonies with the "Join or Die" Albany Plan.
f) Crispus Attucks:
1st to die in the fight for independence in the Boston Massacre
g) King George 3rd:
King of England at time, encouraged the taxation of colonists after the French and Indian War
h) Patrick Henry:
Lawyer, patriot, and orator who supported the every aspect of the founding of America,
i) Thomas Paine:
Author of the pamphlet Common Sense, that encouraged the colonist to join the fight for independence.
The Battles of Lexington and Concord were referred to as ___________________. Why?
The "shot heard around the world". People around the world were interested and inspired by the actions of the American colonists who dared to fight for their independence form the British Empire.
The Proclamation Line of 1763 was located along the ______________.
Why is the Boston Tea Party an example of civil disobedience?
The colonists trespassed on a British Ship and threw the tea overboard, rather than be forced to pay taxes without representation. It was a protest that used an act of nonviolence to emphasize the need to change a law.
What were the contributions of Abigail Adams and Mercy Otis Warren during the American Revolution?
Both of these women took an active role in encouraging the colonists to fight for independence. This was unusual for women at this time to be a vocal part of government.
Describe the "Join or Die" Political Cartoon and explain what the message it is trying to send.
This political cartoon, created by Benjamin Franklin, was first used during the French and Indian War to encourage the colonies to untie in order to defeat the French and their Indian Allies.
law making body in Great Britain
Sons of Liberty
secret society (men) to protest tax in Boston; sometimes violent.
Daughters of Liberty
Successful colonial American group that consisted of women who displayed their loyalty by participating in boycotts of British Goods following the passage of the Townsend Acts.
British policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws meant to keep American Colonies obedient to England.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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