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118 terms

AP Literature Vocabulary Lessons 31-40

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Bastion
stronghold, fortified place, bulwark
Enclave
small territory surrounded on all sides by an entity of which it is not a part
Terra incongnita
unknown land, territory yet unexplored
Pantheon
originally, an ancient Roman temple to all of the gods, now used figuratively for any building or imagined place where the gods or the great heroes of a people are enshrined
Firmament
the sky, especially conceived as a vault arching over the earth
Sepulcher
tomb, burial vault
Repository
any place where things are put for safekeeping or are stored securely
Kiosk
small, open-sided structure, such as a newsstand
Vestibule
small entranceway
Midden
a refuse heap marking the site of a prehistoric settlement
Emissary
one sent to influence opponents politically
Diva
prima donna, a leading female singer in opera
Lapidary
worker or dealer in precious stones
Curator
person who takes care of or supervises something such as a museum, a collection, or a library
Steward
one who manages or supervises household affairs, finances, or property for others, especially, a person employed to oversee food and drink
Choreographer
person who creates dances, one who plans the movements of a dance, especially a ballet
Pedagogue
teacher, often a pedantic or narrow-minded one
Philologist
scholar who studies the structure and evolution of languages as preserved in texts
Milliner
maker or seller of ladies' hats
Ombudsman
public official charged with overseeing the activities of government agencies in order to protect the rights and interests of citizens
Thespian
actor
Entrepreneur
one who assumes the risks and the profits of a business
Heretic
one who believes contrary to his or her church or established belief
Tyro
novice, inexperienced beginner, especially an aggressive or overconfident one
Zealot
one who is excessively dedicated to or zealous for a cause, a fanatic
Altruist
a person who acts unselfishly in the interests of others
Dilettante
a dabbler, a person who follows an interest, especially in the arts, only superficially or as an amusement
Charlatan
one who pretends to have skill or to know more than he does, especially in order to take advantage of others
Ingrate
an ungrateful person
Mendicant
beggar
Sycophant
a self-serving flatterer, one who flatters those in power for his or her own advantage
Paragon
a model of excellence, a person perfect in some way
Nonagenarian
a person between ninety and one hundred years old
Dormant
sleeping, inactive
Sedentary
spending a lot of time sitting, requiring sitting
Somatic
bodily, physical
Palliative
easing the severity of, mitigating, alleviating, extenuating
Egregious
flagrantly bad, outstanding in a negative way
Deciduous
shedding leaves every year
Vernal
pertaining to spring, springlike
Diurnal
relating to a day, daily, happening in a day or during daylight
Sidereal
starry, relating to a star or the stars
Internecine
very destructive of life, deadly to both sides of a conflict
Mundane
of this world, commonplace, humdrum, unexciting
Littoral
having to do with the shore of an ocean or large body of water
Feral
untamed and brutal, savage, like a wild beast
Redolent
fragrant, smelling like and therefore strongly suggestive of something
Unctuous
greasy, oily, too smooth or hypocritically suave in manner
Ostensible
professed, apparent
Hallowed
made or considered sacred, consecrated, venerated as holy
Circumspect
watchful in all directions, wary
Somnolent
sleepy
Limpid
transparent, perfectly clear, not muddied
Turbid
muddied, roiled, cloudy, full of sediment and therefore unclear or confused
Baleful
fatal, harmful, evil
Incendiary
using fire for willful destruction, tending to arouse or inflame to violence or revolt
Propitious
favorable, predicting future good, kindly disposed
Exemplary
serving as a pattern or example, deserving imitation
Magnanimous
noble-minded, extremely generous, especially in overlooking injury
Eclectic
drawing from diverse sources or systems
Noxious
harmful, injurious, unwholesome
Detrimental
causing damage or harm
Sinister
evil, especially in a secret or mysterious way, predicting harm or misfortune
Cynical
tending to doubt the virtue or sincerity of people's actions, inclined to believe the worst about motives and behavior
Impetuous
sudden, rash, not thinking beforehand
Garrulous
talkative, loquacious
Punctillious
very exact in the fine points of conduct, scrupulously observant of proper procedure or ceremony
Astute
difficult to deceive, shrewd
Tangible
capable of being touched, having objective reality and value
Expunge
erase, blot out, delete, obliterate
Accrue
be added as a natural or expected growth or advantage
Slough
shed a skin or covering, cast off as no longer wanted or needed
Obtrude
enter where not invited or welcome
Acquiesce
comply, accept, accede, often reluctantly
Bifurcate
divide into two branches or offshoots, split into two parts
Recoup
get back, make up for a loss
Behoove
be necessary, required, or fitting
Predispose
dispose in advance, create a likelihood, make susceptible
Eradicate
eliminate thoroughly, wipe out, root out, destroy the roots of
Deracinate
uproot, pull up by the roots, destroy totally
Extirpate
pull up by the roots, root out, destroy utterly, annihilate
Requite
give in return, repay
Envisage
imagine, call up in the mind as a picture, visualize
Gallivant
gad about in search of fun and excitement, especially with members of the opposite sex
Placate
soothe the anger of, pacify
Insinuate
suggest subtly, especially something negative
Append
attach as a supplement
Maunder
talk at length in a pointless, incoherent fashion
Curtail
reduce, shorten, cut back
Transgress
commit a sin, break a law, step over a boundary or limit
Obfuscate
make obscure, cloud, confuse
Divulge
reveal, make public
Stipulate
make an express demand or agreementt, set a formal condition
Bete noire
(black beast) a pet hatred, bugbear, something or someone especially disliked or feared
Canaille
(pack of dogs) mob, rabble
Savoir-faire
(to know how to do) a knowing what to do in any circumstances, a knack for always doing the right thing
Raison d'etre
(reason for being) reason for existence, justification
Coup
(blow, stroke) a sudden and successful action, a quick and brilliant maneuver or triumph
Coup d'etat
(a blow of the state) a sudden overthrow or change of a government, especially by force
Coup de grace
(a blow of mercy) a final blow, the finishing stroke to kill a victim and so put him out of his misery
Laissez-faire
(let do, that is, let people do as they please) noninterference, especially a public policy of economic nonregulation
Denouement
(an untying) the unraveling of a plot, the end or outcome of a story
Contretemps
(against the time) a mildly unfortunate event, a mishap, a minor embarrassment or misunderstanding
Idee fixe
(fixed idea) an obsession, a fixed idea, a single notion which dominates a person's thinking
Canard
(a duck) a false story, an absurd lie or rumor, a hoax
En masse
(in a mass) all together, as one, in a body
Ingenue
(ingenuous woman) in plays or films, an innocent young woman, an actress who plays naïve young women
Ambiance
(atmosphere) mood
Faux pas
(false step) a mistake in social manners, a tactless blunder
Precis
(summary) outline, abbreviated version
Manque
(failed, lacking) would-be, unsuccessful or defective, not fulfilling potential
Au courant
(in the current) with it, up-to-date, in the know, well-informed
Soupcon
(suspicion) hint, tiny amount, trace
Rapprochement
(a drawing closer) a reconciliation, a reestablishing of friendly relations
Sobriquet
(nickname) pseudonym
Coterie
(social set) group of people who frequently socialize together, a clique, especially a socially or intellectually exclusive group
Elan
(spirit) ardor, energy, active drive
Eclat
(a sudden burst) dazzling brilliance, success that brings wide acclaim