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20 terms

Syllabus 10 Japan

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Nara
the independent agency that oversees management of federal government records including presidential libraries and historic collections
Shinto
A Japanese religion whose followers believe that all things in the natural world are filled with divine spirits
Kyoto
The capital city of medieval Japan.
The Tale of the Genji
Written by Lady Murasaki; first novel in any languange; relates life history of prominent and amorous son of the Japanese emperor's son; evidence for mannered style of the Japanese society.
Taira
Powerful Japanese family in 11th and 12th centuries; competed with the Minamota family; defeated after the Gempei Wars.
Bakufu
Military government established by the Minamoto following the Gempei Wars; centered at Kamakura; retained emperor, but real power resided in military government and samurai
Zen
school of Mahayana Buddhism asserting that enlightenment can come through meditation and intuition rather than faith
Taika
The reforms enacted in 646 that intended to thoroughly incorporate chinese culture and politics into Japanese society
Taika reforms
Attempt to remake Japanese monarch into an absolute Chinese-style emperor; included attempts to create professional bureaucracy and peasant conscript army.
Fujiwara
Japanese aristocratic family in mid-9th century; exercised exceptional influence over imperial affairs; aided in decline of imperial power.
Samurai
a Japanese warrior who was a member of the feudal military aristocracy
Minamoto
defeated the rival Taira family in Gempei Wars and established military government (bakufu) in 12th century Japan
Shoguns
military leaders of the Bakufu
Minamoto Yoritomo
first shogun of Japan; he started the tradition of shogunates; he passed all his land to his oldest son, and the others got nothing; his other sons turned into buddhist monks and fought each other for land
Kami
one the Shinto deities (including mythological beings, spirits of distinguished men, forces of nature)
Heinan
The Heian period is the last division of classical Japanese history, running from 794 to 1185. The period is named after the capital city Heinan-Kyo (now Kyoto)
Bushi
regional warrior leaders in Japan; ruled small kingdoms from fortresses; administered the law, supervised public works projects, and collected revenues; built up private armies
Seppuku
Ritual suicide or disembowelment in Japan; commonly known in West as hara-kiri; demonstrated courage and a means to restore family honor.
Gempei
between 1180 and 1185 the struggle between the two major provincial families, the Taira and the Minamoto, were decided in what wars
Daimyos
Warlord rulers of 300 small states following civil war and disruption of the Ashikaga Shogunate; holdings consolidated into unified and bounded ministates