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muscles are composed of specialized threadlike cells that have the power to contract while bearing weight
packets of wrapped myofibers are bound in another connective tissue envelope creating bundles called
muscles that work when adequate supplies of oxygen are easily accessible and burn very cleanly
chronic pain syndrome involving sleep disorders and the development of a predictable pattern of tender points in muscles and other soft tissues
11 active tender points are found distributed among all quadrants of the body, along with fatigue, morning stifness, and poor quality sleep
myofascial pain syndrome
a collection of signs and symptoms associated with the development of myofascial trigger points in muscles
a collection of lower leg injuries including compartment syndromes, muscle tears, periostitis, hairline fractures, and other problems - brought on by overuse and/or misalignment at the ankle
a condition in which blood supply to an area of bone is interrupted and the bone tissue consequently dies...occuring most frequently at the head of the femur
bone is completely broken but little or no damage has occurred to the surrounding soft tissues
the bone is completely broken and a great deal of soft tissue damage has occurred - the bone protrudes through the skin and is susceptible to infection.
a loss of bone mass and density brought about by endocrine imbalances and poor metabolism of calcium
chronic bone disorder in which healthy bone is rapidly reabsorbed and replaced with fibrous connective tissue that never fully calcifies
inflammatory arthritis caused by deposits of sodium urate (uric acid) in and around joints, especially feet
joint inflammation brought about by wear and tear causing cumulative damage to articular cartilage
bulges at the distal interphalangeal joints (DIPs) and at the proximal interphalangeal joints (PIPs)
causes pain at the knee, stiffness after immobility, and discomfort walking DOWNstairs
autoimmume disease in which the immune system agents attack synovial membranes, particularly of the joints in the hands and feet.
complications: nodules on the sclera of eyes, dry eyes and mouth, pleuritis, inflammation of pericardial sac, hepatitis (infl. of liver), vasculitis, bursitis, anemia, Raynaud syndrome
a collection of genetic disorders that lead to problems with connective tissues. it affects the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and integumentary systems.
genetic defect leading to problems in the construction of fibrillin, a connective tissue fiber. All connective tissues are affected with the most serious occuring in the skeleton, cardiovascular system, and eyes.
a group of related inherited disorders characterized by degeneration and wasting of muscle tissue
a group of genetic disorders that affect the formation of type I collagen fibers. it results in bones that fracture easily, along with decreased muscle mass, ligament laxity, postural deviations, and several other problems.
a protrusion at the metatarsophalangeal joint of the great toe that occurs when the toe is laterally deviated
(ledderhose disease) is essentially the same as dupuytren contracture, but it develops on the plantar aspect of the foot
small fluid-filled synovial sacs that are attached to tendinous sheaths or joint capsusles
form small bumps that usually appear on the hand, wrist, or ankle. not usually painful.
the result of chronic or traumatic irritation at the insertion of the quadriceps tendon in combination with adolescent growth spurts
a condition caused by repeated microscopic injury to the plantar fascia of the foot
chronic autoimmune disorder involving damage to small blood vessels, leading to abnormal accumulations of collagen in the skin and other tissues.
calcinosis, raynaud phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly, telangiectasia
CREST symptoms for scleroderma
carpal tunnel syndrome
irritation of the median nerve as it passes under the transverse carpal ligament into the wrist.
carpal tunnel syndrome
tingling, numbness, and weakness in the thumb, pointer, middle, and medial half of ring finger.
the nucleus pulposus or the surrounding anulus fibrosus of an intervetebral disc protrudes - putting pressure on nerve roots, the cauda equina, or the spinal cord
degenerative disc disease
small, cumulative tears of the annulus, along with decreased disc height and dehydration of the nucleus.
internal disc disruption
nucleus protrudes through the annulus but stays within the boudaries of the whole disc.
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